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Airmanship Knowledge Learning Outcome 3 Part 2 No 1 Group Air Combat

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Presentation on theme: "Airmanship Knowledge Learning Outcome 3 Part 2 No 1 Group Air Combat"— Presentation transcript:

1 Airmanship Knowledge Learning Outcome 3 Part 2 No 1 Group Air Combat
Uncontrolled copy not subject to amendment Airmanship Knowledge Learning Outcome 3 Part 2 No 1 Group Air Combat Revision 2.00

2 Airmanship Knowledge Learning Outcome 3 Know the aircraft in service with the Royal Air Force

3 Contents No 1 Group – Air Combat Typhoon Tornado GR4 / GR4A Tornado F3
Harrier GR9 / T12 Joint Combat Aircraft

4 Typhoon Reporting Name Typhoon Role Letters & Marks T1A / F2 / T3 / FGR4 Role Multi-Role Fighter

5 Typhoon T1A

6 Typhoon F2

7 Typhoon T3

8 Typhoon FGR4

9 Typhoon FGR4

10 Detail Differences – T1A vs T3
Typhoon T1A / T3 are primarily used for pilot conversion training but are fully combat-capable All Typhoon T1s had a modification to the fuel system to become T1As Typhoon T3 has the PIRATE FLIR (Forward Looking Infra-Red) sensor mounted on the port-side of the nose

11 Detail Differences – F2 vs FGR4
Typhoon F2 and FGR4 are the frontline combat variant of Typhoon. Typhoon F2 is used in the air-to-air and Quick Reaction Alert (QRA) roles only Typhoon FGR4 has the PIRATE FLIR (Forward Looking Infra-Red) sensor mounted on the nose FGR4 upgrade introduced air-to-surface capability to Typhoon. All F2s will be upgraded to FGR4

12 Typhoon Manufactured by the Germany, Italy, Spain and the UK via the Eurofighter consortium High performance, single seat, multi-role fighter aircraft designed to perform air superiority and ground attack missions with a full range of air-to-air and air-to-surface weapons. Twin-engine delta wing design with canard foreplanes and fly-by-wire controls for maximum agility Advanced avionics including ECR-90 CAPTOR Radar, Helmet-Mounted Symbology System (HMSS) helmet-mounted sight and voice control input. Germany manufactures the centre-fuselage, Spain and Italy manufacture the wings, UK manufactures the front fuselage and the fin, UK and Italy share manufacture of the rear fuselage. Each nation completes final assembly of their own aircraft from these major units. Aircraft is also in service with Austria (manufactured in Germany) and Saudi Arabia (manufactured in the UK) Weapons carried by Typhoon include ASRAAM & IRIS-T short-range air-to-air missiles, AMRAAM medium-range air-to-air missiles and Laser-Guided Bombs. First combat missions flown over Libya in 2011 as part of Operation Ellamy

13 Typhoon Technical Data
WING SPAN 10.50M LENGTH 15.96M CREW 1 (2 in T1A / T3) MAXIMUM SPEED 1,147kts (2125km/h) (Mach 2.0) at 36,090ft ENGINES Two Eurojet EJ200 Turbofans

14 Tornado GR4 / GR4A Reporting Name Tornado Role Letters & Marks GR4 / GR4A Role Ground Attack / Reconnaissance

15 Tornado GR4 / GR4A

16 Tornado GR4 / GR4A

17 Tornado GR4 / GR4A

18 Tornado GR4 / GR4A

19 Tornado GR4 / GR4A

20 Tornado GR4 / GR4A Variable geometry wing, all-weather ground attack and reconnaissance aircraft. Terrain-following radar, Forward Looking Infra Red (FLIR) and night-vision goggles allow unrestricted operations day or night LITENING III Laser Designation Pod allows self-designation of ground targets for laser guided bombs. Carries full range of air-to-surface weapons as well as RAPTOR pod for tactical reconnaissance Linescan system enables the GR4A to conduct low-level, tactical reconnaissance. Tornado GR4 is the primary strike aircraft of the Royal Air Force. It operates in all weather conditions, day or night at low- and medium-level. Air-to-surface weapons carried include Paveway II, III and IV laser-guided bombs, Brimstone anti-tank missiles, Storm Shadow standoff missiles and ALARM anti-radar missiles along with internal 27mm Mauser cannon. ASRAAM missiles are carried for self-defence.

21 Tornado GR4/A Technical Data
WING SPAN 13.9M fully forward 8.6m fully swept LENGTH 16.45M CREW 2 MAXIMUM SPEED 800kts (1480km/h) (Mach 1.2) at sea level ENGINES Two turbo union RB199 turbofans Crew includes Pilot in the front seat and Weapons Systems Officer in the rear seat.

22 Tornado F3 Reporting Name Tornado Role Letters & Marks F3 Role Air Defence Tornado F3 was retired from service in March 2011

23 Tornado F3

24 Tornado F3

25 Tornado F3

26 Tornado F3

27 Tornado F3

28 Tornado F3

29 Tornado F3 Retired from service March 31st 2011.
Developed from the Tornado GR1 as a long-range air defence interceptor. Variable sweep wing for high supersonic speed or high loiter duration. All-weather day/night operation with beyond visual- range engagement capability. Patrols for over 3 hours at 300nmls from base. Carried AMRAAM and ASRAAM air-to-air missiles Secondary air defence suppression role added in 2003 using ALARM missiles AMRAAM = Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile. ASRAAM = Advanced Short-Range Air-to-Air Missile. Replaced Skyflash and AIM-9L Sidewinder respectively.

30 Tornado F3 Technical Data
WING SPAN 13.9M fully forward 8.6M fully swept LENGTH 16.7M CREW 2 MAXIMUM SPEED 800kts (1480km/h) (Mach 1.2) at sea level ENGINES Two Turbo Union RB199 turbofans

31 Comparing F3 & GR4 Tornado F3 Tornado GR4 Longer nose
AMRAAM Missiles on stretched fuselage FLIR Tornado GR4

32 The Tornado Test 1 2 3 5 4

33 Harrier GR9 / T12 Reporting Name Harrier Role Letters & Marks GR9 / T12 Role Ground Attack & Reconnaissance Harrier GR9 / T12 was retired from service in December 2010

34 Harrier GR9

35 Harrier GR9

36 Harrier GR9

37 Harrier T12

38 Harrier GR9 / T12 Harrier GR9 was a ground attack and Close Air Support aircraft capable of V/STOL (Vertical / Short Take-Off Landing) Harrier T12 was a twin-seat training variant for training new pilots and was fully combat capable Aircraft were operated by 1 Sqn and 4 Sqn RAF and the Naval Strike Wing of the Fleet Air Arm under Joint Force Harrier Operated from both land bases and Royal Navy Aircraft Carriers. Capable of operating day and night and in all weathers. Carried a full range of air-to-surface weapons Weapons carried by the Harrier GR9 / T12 included; Paveway II, III and IV Laser-Guided Bombs, Maverick anti-tank missiles, CRV-7 rockets, 540lb and 1000lb unguided bombs and AIM-9L Sidewinder.

39 Harrier GR9 / T12 Technical Data
WING SPAN 9.24M LENGTH 14.46M CREW 1 (2 in T12) MAXIMUM SPEED 640kts (1186km/h) at sea level ENGINE One Rolls-Royce Pegasus 105 vectored-thrust turbofan There was also a GR9A sub-variant that was fitted with a Pegasus 107 engine with increased thrust to improve performance in hot and high conditions (ie Afghanistan) and also to increase the permitted landing weight when landing aboard aircraft carriers.

40 Jaguar GR3 / GR3A Reporting Name Jaguar Role Letters & Marks GR3 / GR3A & T4 Role Tactical Support Aircraft The Jaguar GR3 / GR3A & T4 were withdrawn from service in 2007 but have been included for completion

41 Jaguar GR3 / GR3A

42 Jaguar GR3 / GR3A

43 Jaguar GR3 / GR3A

44 Jaguar GR3 / GR3A

45 Jaguar T4

46 Jaguar T4

47 Jaguar GR3 / GR3A / T4 Jaguar GR3 / GR3A / T4 was withdrawn from service in 2007 Designed to operate the ground attack, close air support and tactical reconnaissance roles using a variety of air-to-surface weapons and reconnaissance pods. GR3 upgrade featured improved cockpit and helmet-mounted weapons cueing system. GR3A fitted with upgraded Adour Mk.106 turbofan engine Built jointly by Breguet in France and BAe in the UK, Jaguar is designed for common requirements in both Air Forces

48 Jaguar GR3 / GR3A / T4 Technical Data
WING SPAN 8.49M LENGTH 15.52M (GR3 / GR3A) 16.42M (T4) CREW 1 (GR3 / GR3A) 2 (T4) MAXIMUM SPEED 729kts (1352km/h) Mach 1.1 at sea level ENGINES Two Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour turbofans

49 Joint Combat Aircraft Reporting Name Joint Combat Aircraft Role Letters & Marks Role Multi-role land- and carrier- based strike fighter Joint Combat Aircraft is the UK designation for the F-35C Lightning II Carrier Variant

50 Joint Combat Aircraft Joint Combat Aircraft is the UK designation for the F-35C Lightning II Carrier Variant

51 Joint Combat Aircraft First F-35C Lightning II on first flight. Aircraft is still in primer. The wingspan of the F-35C is larger than that of the F-35A and F-35B to give improved lift for carrier operations.

52 Joint Combat Aircraft Note folding wings of the Carrier Variant

53 Joint Combat Aircraft JCA is UK designation for US-built F-35 Lightning II Low-observable multirole fighter/attack aircraft Planned in-service date of 2020 to replace Harrier GR9 in RAF and Royal Navy service and operate from land bases and new Queen Elizabeth Class Aircraft Carriers Sophisticated avionics and weapon-targeting systems including helmet-mounted weapons cueing UK JCA is based on F-35C carrier variant. F-35 is also available as a conventional takeoff variant (F-35A) and Short Takeoff & Vertical Landing STOVL variant (F-35B)

54 Joint Combat Aircraft Technical Data
WING SPAN 13.1M (9.1M folded LENGTH 15.52M CREW 1 MAXIMUM SPEED Mach 1.8 ENGINES Pratt & Whitney F-135 turbofan

55 Questions?

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