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Working at Height Design of Suspended Access Raymond Gold – Managing Director RDG Engineering Ltd 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Working at Height Design of Suspended Access Raymond Gold – Managing Director RDG Engineering Ltd 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Working at Height Design of Suspended Access Raymond Gold – Managing Director RDG Engineering Ltd 1

2 2

3 The design of an access/protection system has the overarching commitment to provide protection for both the operatives above and employees, public and infrastructure alike below. 3

4 What is the design for? The construction of a platform or barrier that provides protection and segregation for a workforce carrying out the construction work above an active railway and public area alike. 4

5 What does the barrier comprise of? 5

6 A single level barrier A single level provides both the combined working and protection level. 6

7 Single level barrier 7

8 What does the barrier comprise of? Multilevel barrier Two or more levels are provided; usually the lowest one provides the ultimate protection, levels above provide access and load carrying capabilities. 8

9 Multilevel barrier 9

10 Temporary Works Responsibilities Designer Checker CRE DPE PM 10

11 Design Specification and Brief 11

12 Design Specification and Brief Network Rail Standards No specific standards for suspended access protection barriers, scaffolds or temporary access/protection structures 12

13 Design Specification and Brief Network Rail Standards BS Parts 1 & 2 Temporary works equipment. BS 5974 Code of Practice for the planning, design, setting up and use of temporary suspended access equipment. BSI Standards - Scaffold / Access 13

14 Design Specification and Brief Network Rail Standards NASC TG20:08 Guide to Good Practice for Scaffolding with Tubes and Fittings – Volumes 1 & 2 BSI Standards - Scaffold / Access Industry Standards 14

15 Design Specification and Brief Network Rail Standards Structural steelwork, Aluminium and Timber Standards BSI Standards - Scaffold / Access Industry Standards BSI Standards – Structural Standards 15

16 Design Specification and Brief Network Rail Standards Work scope, performance specification and activity schedules BSI Standards - Scaffold / Access Industry Standards BSI Standards – Structural Standards ‘End user’ Specification 16

17 Design Specification and Brief Network Rail Standards BSI Standards - Scaffold / Access Industry Standards BSI Standards – Structural Standards ‘End user’ Specification 17

18 Typical Customer Criteria Protection barrier against activities being undertaken Safety in and ease of construction Provides weather/noise/fumes protection No impact on activities beneath barrier 18

19 Key Elements Where ever possible structural redundancy should be incorporated in any design. Protection against incremental collapse should be achieved by providing compartmentalised structures. Normal design factors of safety employed for the above items. 19

20 Key Elements In many instances it is not possible to build- in an elements of redundancy as part of the standard solution. For these items either increased factors of safety are used or additional ‘fail-safe’ measures are incorporated. 20

21 Design Loads Erection loads Part completion Storage of construction materials Loads encountered during relocation 21

22 Design Loads Dead loads Self weight of component parts of primary structure Secondary access Additional protection Canopies Access routes 22

23 Design Loads Imposed loads - Platform working loads Blanket UDL Localised load bays and materials storage Materials transit routes Access routes 23

24 Design Loads Imposed loads - Platform imposed loads Snow Wind Services Dynamic Materials impact 24

25 Dynamic Loads Vibration Horizontal Vertical 25

26 Dynamic Loads Vibration: In general, plant vibration is unlikely to cause any significant increase in loading. However, the loosening effects on bolts, wedges and other friction connections should be considered, particularly when external vibrators are used. 26

27 Dynamic Loads Horizontal: Forces from moving plant, or from materials being deposited on or off the protection layer or being carried across the deck by plant or on moving equipment. Allow for horizontal forces in any of the possible directions of movement equivalent to 10% of the static load of the moving items where the rate of travel 2 m/s the horizontal force should equate to 33% of the moving load. 27

28 Dynamic Loads Vertical: To allow for dynamic loading from loads moving vertically. The static loading of the moving item should be increased by 25% when using mechanically operated lifting gear, and by 10% when using manually operated lifting gear 28

29 Dynamic Loads Movement: To allow for dynamic effects resulting from distortion and flexing when relocating a suspended access/protection 29

30 Impact Loads ALL falling materials shall be contained A very tall order - Is this possible? -It MUST be possible! 30

31 Impact Loads What constitutes failure? What are the limits of acceptability for the structural performance of a decking material. No structural damage to the barrier. Penetration of the barrier but object contained, barrier to be repaired. Object penetrates barrier, slowed by impact but continues falling. 31

32 Impact Loads What are the causes? Temporary WorkMaterials of construction Piece sizes and weight Tools and equipment Movement of materials Personnel falls 32

33 Impact Loads What are the causes? Demolition WorkRemoval of steelwork Cladding & rails Suspended services Air handling units 33

34 Impact Loads What are the causes? Permanent WorkRemoval of rivets & bolts New steel sections & plate Suspended services Permanent access systems 34

35 Impact Loads Typical 5 kg Weight Items crow bar; lump hammer; steel bracket; piece of glazing; scaffold tube; hand held tools shape, mass, distance 35

36 A metal object weighing 5 kg falling through a vertical distance of 5.0m and coming to an almost instantaneous rest has a potential force on impact of 250 kN (25 tonne) Impact Loads 36

37 Impact Load Values (kN) Deflection on Impact (m) Impact force of a 5kg mass falling from 5 m Impact Loads 37

38 Incidents due to: Personnel falling/tripping whilst working Losing grip on an item Poor work practices Failure of a component part External force applied Impact Loads 38

39 Impact Loads Possible Scenario Hand held chiselling machine e.g. Rivet chisel falls onto the protection/crash deck. The machine falls chisel point down and penetrates the deck but the body of the machine stops it falling through the deck. The chisel stops abruptly causing the chisel bit to be shaken free which then falls to the public area below 39

40 Impact Loads Theoretical Design/Practical Tests Is it possible to accurately determine impact loads and their effect? On site testing of possible scenarios. 40

41 Risks during construction of a protection platform can be mitigated by assembling as much of the platform at ‘ground’ level and elevate into position, or construct in elevated designated areas. Construction 41

42 The means of mitigating the risks associated when using a protection barrier are many and varied and range between: selection of materials reduction in vertical distance between the protection systems and the work zone risk assessment and modifications to work practices commercial considerations that might be brought to bear. Construction 42

43 Profiled metal decking Plain metal plate Composite materials Plywood Scaffold boards Netting Rubber Construction – Deck Materials 43

44 Polystyrene blocks Air bags ‘Bean’ bags Netting Metal plate Fibreglass panels Collapsible frames Construction – Localised Materials 44

45 Connection details Sealing of all gaps Edge protection Handrails Encapsulation Sealing around protuberances Stepped access Construction – Detailing 45

46 Standard 7 day inspection Gaps, changes in use etc. Bespoke inspections Changes in edge protection Sealing around protuberances Inspection 46

47 Carry out work during possession and isolation periods? If All Else Fails 47


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