2 Timothy 4:1-5 I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by his appearing and his kingdom: preach the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and teaching. For the time is coming when people will not endure sound teaching, but having itching ears they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own passions, and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander off into myths. As for you, always be sober-minded, endure suffering, do the work of an evangelist, fulfill your ministry.
2 Timothy 4:1-5 I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who is to judge the living and the dead, and by his appearing and his kingdom: kerusso the word; be ready in season and out of season; reprove, rebuke, and exhort, with complete patience and didache. For the time is coming when people will not endure sound didaskalia, but having itching ears they will accumulate for themselves didaskalous to suit their own passions, and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander off into myths. As for you, always be sober-minded, endure suffering, do the work of an euangelistes, fulfill your ministry.
“Expository Preaching is the Spirit-empowered explanation and proclamation of the text of God’s Word with due regard to the historical, contextual, grammatical, and doctrinal significance of the given passage, with the specific object of invoking a Christ-transforming response.” (Stephen Olford)
“Expository preaching is a style or method of preaching God’s Word, that seeks to logically “expose” the biblical text to the mind and will of the congregation as it stresses the main point of the author as well as the supporting points.” (Mike Abendroth)
“An expository sermon is one in which the main divisions, the subdivisions, and the subpoints are all taken directly from a single passage of Scripture. The exact statements of the passage, or the expositor’s own words, provided they give exact expression to the intended meaning of the passage, are used as divisions.... The expository sermon demands that all divisions and points be taken from the passage under consideration.” (W Kroll)
“It is not the length of the portion treated, whether a single verse or a larger unit, but the manner of treatment. No matter what the length of the portion explained may be, if it is handled in such a way that its real and essential meaning as it existed in the light of the overall context of Scripture is made plain and applied to the present-day needs of the hearers, it may properly be said to be expository preaching.” (Merill Unger)
The careful and faithful preparation, proclamation, explanation and application of God’s written Word so as to teach the mind, touch the heart and target the will.
1. The message is prayerfully EXTRACTED from Scripture
2. The message is carefully EXEGETED from Scripture
What is God saying? How is God saying it? Why is God saying it? The flesh The skeleton The heart
The flesh : What is God saying? familiarise yourself with the passage reformat the passage soak yourself in the passage make sure you know the meaning or significance of individual words
The skeleton : How is God saying it? every passage has a built-in, divinely inspired structure find the structure, don’t create it diagram it
Ezra 7v10 For Ezra had set his heart a. to study and b. to do it and c. to teach i. his statutes and ii. rules in Israel i. the law of God
For this reason I bow my knee before the Father i. from whom every family................. that ii. according to the riches of his glory a. he may grant you to be strengthened..... so that b. Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith that c. you being rooted and grounded in love d. may have strength to comprehend.....what is the breadth......... i. with all the saints e. and to know the love of Christ that surpasses knowledge that f. you may be filled with all the fullness of God
For this reason 1 Samuel 17 vv1-3The scene is set vv4-11Goliath is introduced and described (vv10-11 Goliath’s threats and Israelites’ reaction) vv12-16David is introduced (v16: Goliath’s threats) vv17-23David sent to the army (v23: Goliath’s threats) vv24-27David’s reaction to Goliath vv28-37David’s confidence in God vv38-54David and Goliath vv55-58Who’s son is this man?
The heart : Why is God saying it? what is the MTh of the passage? what is the content of the passage? what is the context of the passage? produce an adequate and accurate summary
3. The message is faithfully EXPLAINED from Scripture
HERMENEUTICAL PRINCIPLE I Any text or passage of Scripture can only have one meaning.
HERMENEUTICAL PRINCIPLE II The meaning of any text or passage of Scripture is the meaning intended by the original author and as would have been understood by the original readers
To Edinburgh via Corinth Passage Message to Edinburgh Message to Corinth
4. The message is consistently APPLIED from Scripture