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ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STRUCTURES & STRATEGIES AIM : To increase the effectiveness of my performance by improving my personal levels of.

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Presentation on theme: "ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STRUCTURES & STRATEGIES AIM : To increase the effectiveness of my performance by improving my personal levels of."— Presentation transcript:

1 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STRUCTURES & STRATEGIES AIM : To increase the effectiveness of my performance by improving my personal levels of structural and strategical awareness PROCESS : Cycle of Analysis (Investigate, Analyse, Develop, Evaluate) ACTIVITY : ____________________________________________ NAME : ________________________ CLASS : _________ KEY CONCEPT (KC) 1 : The structures and strategies that are fundamental to activities. KEY CONCEPT (KC) 2 : Identification of strengths and weaknesses in performance in terms of : roles and relationships; formations and tactics. KEY CONCEPT (KC) 3 : Information processing, problem-solving and decision making when working to develop and improve performance.

2 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE Key Concept 1 : The structures and strategies that are fundamental to activities. Key Feature 1 : From the structure and strategy fundamentals listed, select one or more of the following : The importance of : Using space in attacking and defending situations. For example, manoeuvring and out-manoeuvring opponents, creating, exploiting and denying space. Pressurising opponents in attacking and defending situations. For example, overloading a defence, forcing errors. Tempo of play. For example, using speed in attack. Principles of individual and team play. For example, width, depth, delay, balance.

3 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE Key Concept 2 : Identification of strengths and weaknesses in performance in terms of : roles and relationships; formations and tactics. Key Feature 1 : In terms of roles and relationships select one or more of the following : Recognising individual strengths and weaknesses in a structure or strategy. Recognising the demands of individual roles during performance. Selecting a relevant structure or strategy appropriate for individual / partner / team performance. Key Feature 2 : In terms of formations select one or more of the following : The structure of relevant systems of play in selected activities. The benefits and limitations of various systems of play. The need to co-operate and support others in team or group situations. The ability to pre-plan strategies to meet the demands of play. Key Feature 3 : In terms of tactics select one or more of the following : Identifying and exploiting opponents’ weaknesses. Recognising the need to maximise strengths within chosen structure or strategy.

4 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE Key Concept 3 : Information processing, problem-solving and decision making when working to develop and improve performance. Key Feature 1 : The importance of evaluating the effectiveness of current structures or strategies in individual, team or group situations during performance. Key Feature 2 : How to adapt and refine structures and strategies in response to performance demands. Key Feature 3 : The importance, during performance, of continually : Being perceptive Being creative Making good decisions under pressure Exercising effective solutions

5 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE The aim of this assignment is to analyse and develop a specific aspect of your performance. To do this you will follow the stages of the “CYCLE OF ANALYSIS” as illustrated below. CYCLE OF ANALYSIS STAGE 1 : INVESTIGATE Where you explain how a specific aspect of performance was investigated through gathering and analysing information. You will do this by observing your performance and then gathering data and collating the results of these observations. STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Where you explain how knowledge acquired from the study of relevant concepts has helped you to analyse your performance and plan a development programme. You will do this by comparing your performance with a model performance using agreed criteria and then identifying your strengths and weaknesses. STAGE 3 : DEVELOP Where you explain how both the content and suitability of your programme of work were monitored over the period of your training. You will do this by preparing your plan of action and then completing your training programme. STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Where you reflect on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work completed and discuss your future development needs. You will do this by re-observing and then evaluating your performance.

6 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE Key Feature 1 : From the structure and strategy fundamentals listed, select one or more of the following : The importance of : Using space in attacking and defending situations. For example, manoeuvring and out-manoeuvring opponents, creating, exploiting and denying space. Pressurising opponents in attacking and defending situations. For example, overloading a defence, forcing errors. Tempo of play. For example, using speed in attack. Principles of individual and team play. For example, width, depth, delay, balance. Key CONCEPT 1 The structures and strategies that are fundamental to activities.

7 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUR ACTIVITY TASK 1 : Give a brief description of the characteristics of your activity by outlining : The Nature and Purpose of your activity. The Personal Qualities required for success in your activity. The Main Skills needed for participation in your activity. NATURE and PURPOSE : Basketball is usually a 5-a-side, directly competitive team activity. Players can pass and dribble the ball. The ultimate aim is to shoot and score more baskets than the opposition. The game is normally divided into 4 x 10 minute quarters. It is essentially a non-contact game. PERSONAL QUALITIES : QUALITYEXPLANATION ComposureThe ability to remain calm in pressure situations so that the player can focus on controlling skills. DecisivenessBasketball is a fast game so players must make decisions quickly and correctly before options are closed down. MotivationIt is a physical and very tiring sport so players must have the desire to keep working hard and to play their best. PLAYING POSITIONS / ROLES : POSITION / ROLEEXPLANATION Point GuardSets up furthest from the basket. Distributes the ball, switching play from side to side. Calls the moves. Good at dribbling, passing and long shots. Usually smaller than the forwards. Shooting GuardSets up at either side of free-throw line. Feeds ball to forwards/centre, drives to basket or takes quite long shots. Should assist with rebounding. Good at dribbling, passing, long shots, lay-ups. Usually smaller than the forwards. ForwardSets up near baseline at either side of key. Tries to cut into key to receive ball and shoot. Responsible for rebounds. Good at close-in shots, side-on shots, rebounding, 1 bounce lay-ups. Usually tall and physically strong. CentreSets up at free-throw line. Shoots from there, or drives/cuts to basket. Shoots from inside key and rebounds. Needs same skills as forwards.

8 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUR ACTIVITY MAIN SKILLS : SKILLEXPLANATION ShootingTo score more points than your opponents. PassingTo retain possession until shooting opportunities are created. DribblingTo retain possession and to eliminate opponents in order to create overload situations. ReboundingTo regain possession in offensive and defensive situations. MarkingTo deny opponents passing options and therefore reduce their basket scoring opportunities. InterceptingTo catch opponents off guard and out of position. ReceivingTo retain possession and therefore keep an attack flowing. MAIN ASPECTS OF FITNESS: ASPECT OF FITNESSEXPLANATION Cardiovascular EnduranceContinuous movement for mins with only short breaks. As players tire their skill level decreases. Concentration is lost and all other aspects of fitness are negatively affected. SpeedChanges of pace are needed to beat a player, to sprint back to defend, fast break, lose marker, etc. Explosive PowerNeeded in legs for jump balls, rebounds and lay-ups. StrengthNeeded in shoulders and arms for longer shots and passes, and in held ball situations. Forwards need upper body strength to hold off defenders. Muscular EnduranceRequired in legs, especially the quads, when shuttling from side to side. Required in all leg muscles for constant running and jumping. Required in the shoulders and arms at end of game for passing and shooting.

9 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF YOUR ACTIVITY MAIN PRINCIPLES OF PLAY : PRINCIPLE OF PLAYEXPLANATION DepthThis is where you use the length of the court to your advantage, often putting players ahead of the ball and behind the ball. 3 layers of players are advantageous as it gives options of moving the ball forward or back. This increases a player’s options therefore lessening the risk of possession being lost as passes should not be forced. WidthThis is where you use the sides of the court to your advantage by playing the ball into wide areas. Defences tend to be concentrated in the centre, therefore wide players will have time and space to work in. Playing in wide areas can lead to good penetrating passes into the key and / or controlled shots being executed from outside the key. If defenders are drawn out to wide areas space is created in the key for other players to cut into. MobilityThis is the quality of movement of players from their basic positions on court. This movement is used to free players from their markers and to attack the space in key areas of the court. A mobile player is harder to defend against than a static one. Mobility allows the team to adapt and respond to either a change in team strategy or to the actions of the opposition. Concentration (defensive) This is the ability of the defence to remain together in an effort to protect the court area around their basket. Good defensive concentration forces the attacking team to think and work harder to create basket scoring opportunities.

10 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE YOUR EXPERIENCE IN YOUR ACTIVITY TASK : Give a brief account of your personal experience in your activity to date by ticking the appropriate boxes below. I have played Basketball during curriculum time in S1 and S2. I have played Basketball during curriculum time in S3 and / or S4. I play, or have played, Basketball during curriculum time in S5 and / or S6. Core P.E. Perf Units ‘H’ Int 2 I attend, or have attended, extra-curricular Basketball sessions at school. I play, or have played, Basketball for a Basketball club out with school. I play, or have played, Basketball with my friends on a recreational basis out with school. I have never played Basketball. TASK : Outline what you THINK your current strengths and weaknesses are when participating in your activity. (PERSONAL REFLECTION) Think particularly in terms of your PHYSIQUE, SKILL LEVEL, FITNESS and your PERSONAL QUALITIES. STRENGTHS : WEAKNESSES :

11 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STEP-BY-STEP ACTION PLAN TO IMPROVE YOUR PERFORMANCE TASK : Give a brief description of the MOST IMPORTANT STEPS you will take to improve your performance in your activity. STAGE 1 : INVESTIGATE Initially I will explain how a specific aspect of performance was investigated through gathering and analysing information. I will do this by having my performance observed and then gathering data and collating the results of these observations. STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Then I will explain how knowledge acquired from the study of relevant concepts has helped me to analyse my performance and plan a development programme. I will do this by comparing myself with a model performer using agreed criteria and then identifying my strengths and weaknesses. STAGE 3 : DEVELOP Then I will explain how both the content and suitability of my programme of work were monitored over the period of my training. I will do this by preparing my plan of action and then completing my training programme. STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Finally I will reflect on my planning, effectiveness and benefits of my programme of work completed and discuss my future development needs. I will do this by re- observing and then evaluating my performance.

12 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 1 : INVESTIGATE Gathering data about your performance. VALIDITY of data. Validity is probably the most important factor in data evaluation. Validity is the degree to which an Observation Schedule or Test actually measures what it has been designed to measure. RELIABILITY of data. Reliability is the consistency with which an Observation Schedule or Test measures what it has been designed to measure. A reliable Observation Schedule or Test should yield similar results every time it is given Measurement techniques, testing conditions, test administration, participant preparation, and environmental conditions are among variables that should be STANDARDISED as much as possible. VALIDITY, RELIABILITY and RELEVANCE of data. (Factors to be considered.) Was there adequate (enough), sound (reliable) evidence about your performance? Was there enough detailed information? How accurate were your partner’s observations? Were you injured / ill during any Observations or Tests? Did the data gathered relate directly to the information you required? Were your Observation Schedules / Tests designed properly or were they too easy / too complicated for your observer to handle? Were the size of teams, playing area and length of games suitable to give you relevant data?

13 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 1 : INVESTIGATE Gathering data about your performance. Reliable methods you could use to gather information include : Observation schedules reflecting either a Mechanical analysis, Movement analysis or Consideration of quality. Match analysis sheets VideoQuestionnaires Scatter diagrams Photographs / sequence photographs Structured interviews Standardised testsScorecardsDictaphone/ voice recorder Knowledge of performance results Tests you have devisedPersonal reviews Training diaries TASK : Briefly outline the type of data you will need to gather about your performance. I will have to gather evidence in order to provide me with information about my strengths and weaknesses related to the game of Basketball. In particular I want to know about my skill levels, my physical fitness, my skill-related fitness and my mental fitness. I will have to gather similar information about each player in my team. It will also be useful to gather some information about the strengths and weaknesses about my opponents. I will keep a training diary in order to evaluate my training sessions once they get underway.

14 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 1 : INVESTIGATE Gathering data about your performance. TASK : List the various methods you will use to record your data and give advantages and disadvantages of each. Method used : PERSONAL REFLECTION AdvantagesDisadvantages No one else can judge how I feel inside orI can’t prove anything to anyone. how I perceive things on court. It can support evidence collected from other sources. Method used : OBSERVATION SCHEDULES AdvantagesDisadvantages They give me permanent records to refer to.My observer might miss something while They are simple to use.recording something else. They are easy to interpret. They can confirm / contradict my personal reflections. Method used : TRAINING DIARY AdvantagesDisadvantages It is easily referred to.It’s not always possible to write up my It contains internal / external feedback.evaluations straight away. Therefore, I might Evaluations help me plan what to do next.not remember everything accurately. Method used : AdvantagesDisadvantages

15 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE Key CONCEPT 2 Identification of strengths and weaknesses in performance in terms of : roles and relationships; formations and tactics. Key Feature 1 : In terms of roles and relationships select one or more of the following : Recognising individual strengths and weaknesses in a structure or strategy. Recognising the demands of individual roles during performance. Selecting a relevant structure or strategy appropriate for individual / partner / team performance. Key Feature 2 : In terms of formations select one or more of the following : The structure of relevant systems of play in selected activities. The benefits and limitations of various systems of play. The need to co-operate and support others in team or group situations. The ability to pre-plan strategies to meet the demands of play. Key Feature 3 : In terms of tactics select one or more of the following : Identifying and exploiting opponents’ weaknesses. Recognising the need to maximise strengths within chosen structure or strategy.

16 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 1 : INVESTIGATE Gathering data about your performance. TASK : Complete a series of Basic / General Observation Schedules which include details of : How your observer will record details about your performance. The Skills and the Physical / Mental Aspects of Fitness considered to be most important for successful participation in your activity. The success criteria for each of the things observed. The results of each observation. My observer should familiarise themselves with each observation schedule by : a. Looking at the skills and the physical / mental aspects of fitness and their related success criteria. b. Place a tally mark in the appropriate column every time I perform a particular skill or c. Write an appropriate comment in relation to the physical / mental aspects of fitness being observed which might guide me to identifying strengths and weaknesses of my performance. ADDITIONAL NOTES At the end of the observation process I will : a. Add up the tally marks related to each of the individual skills and work out my success percentages. b. Categorise my ability to perform each skill using a POOR, AVERAGE or GOOD scale. c. Acknowledge, and take note of, any comments made about my physical and / or mental fitness.

17 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 1 : INVESTIGATE SKILL SUCCESS CRITERIA SUCCESSFULUNSUCCESSFUL RATING SCALE % ages RATING No.% SET SHOT Inside Key Score Basket Poor=>30 Aver=30-35 Good=<35 SET SHOT Outside Key Score Basket Poor=>18 Aver=18-22 Good=<22 LAY-UP Right Side Score Basket Poor=>45 Aver=45-55 Good=<55 LAY-UP Left Side Score Basket Poor=>45 Aver=45-55 Good=<55 PASSING Ball is, or should have been, easily caught by receiver. Poor=>75 Aver=75-85 Good=<85 DRIBBLING Ball is kept under control and protected from opponent. Poor=>80 Aver=80-90 Good=<90 DRIBBLING PAST OPPONENTS Ball is kept under control and protected from opponent. Poor=>35 Aver=35-45 Good=<45 REBOUNDING Team wins / keeps possession. Poor=>35 Aver=35-45 Good=<45 MARKING Keep close to opponent when he is in an attacking position. Stay between opponent and basket Poor=>75 Aver=75-85 Good=<85 INTERCEPTING Team wins possession or it prevents the immediate progress of opponents. Poor=>35 Aver=35-45 Good=<45 STEALING Team wins possession from opponent’s hands or dribble. Poor=>35 Aver=35-45 Good=<45 BLOCKING Opponent’s shot or lay-up is prevented from going towards the basket. Poor=>35 Aver=35-45 Good=<45 Basic / General Observation Schedule

18 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 1 : INVESTIGATE Basic / General Observation Schedule PHYSICAL ASPECT OF FITNESS DEFINITIONCOMMENT OVERALL RATING (POOR, AVERAGE, GOOD) CARDIOVASCULAR Efficiency of the respiratory system which allows the performer to keep going and to maintain form for long periods of time. LOCAL MUSCULAR Efficiency of the muscular system which allows the performer to keep going and to maintain form for long periods of time. Comment from the performer only (NOT the observer). SPEED / ENDURANCE The performer’s ability to repeat fast movements time and time again. E.g. repeated sprints up and down the court when changing from defence to offence and back again. STRENGTH The performer’s ability to shoot and pass over large distances and to hold off challenges from opponents. SPEED The performer’s ability to execute a fast break, move past opponents, lose a marker or to defend effectively against a fast moving attacker. POWER The performer’s ability to perform explosive jumps. E.g. Rebounding MENTAL ASPECT OF FITNESS DEFINITIONCOMMENT OVERALL RATING (POOR, AVERAGE, GOOD) AROUSAL The performer’s level of excitement. Low = disinterested and results in poor performance. Too High = anxious/stressed and results in poor performance. MOTIVATION The performer’s level of desire to be successful. CONCENTRATION The performer’s ability to focus on a task and pay attention (stay tuned in).

19 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 1 : INVESTIGATE Gathering data about your performance. TASK : MAIN SKILL STRENGTHSMAIN SKILL WEAKNESSES After examining all the data gathered in task _____, list your MAIN strengths and weaknesses in the tables below. MAIN FITNESS STRENGTHSMAIN FITNESS WEAKNESSES

20 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 1 : INVESTIGATEGathering data about your performance. TASK :As a team, discuss and note down the strengths and weaknesses of each player using the grid below. STRENGTHS / WEAKNESSES QUALITY No.1No.2No.3No.4No.5No.6 SET SHOT (inside key) SET SHOT (outside key) LAY-UP (right side) LAY-UP (left side) PASSING DRIBBLING DRIBBLING PAST OPPONENTS REBOUNDING MARKING INTERCEPTING STEALING BLOCKING CARDIOVASCULAR LOCAL MUSCULAR SPEED / ENDURANCE STRENGTH SPEED POWER AROUSAL MOTIVATION CONCENTRATION Key : / = Strength x = Weakness o = Neither an obvious strength or weakness

21 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSEPlanning for performance. TASK : During games your team will use a STRUCTURE (formation) when ATTACKING. This means your team will have 1 Point Guard, 2 Shooting Guards and 2 Forwards. When defending, your team will adopt a Half-Court Man-to-Man defence STRATEGY. Following your team’s discussion in Task _______, your team must now decide WHO will play WHERE in attack and WHY. Use the diagram below to show your team’s attacking roles and structure. Forward Why : Shooting Guard Why : Shooting Guard Why : Point Guard Why : Forward Why : TASK : State your playing position / role within your team’s attacking structure. In my team’s attacking structure I am the ______________________________________

22 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. TASK : Explain why your team’s attacking structure is significant and relevant to the development of your team’s performance. Justify your explanation to highlight the potential strengths and weaknesses of using this type of structure. The structure is the most commonly used structure in the game. The structure can ensure width, depth and mobility in attack. Width : The shooting guards and forwards set up outside the key. This particular set up creates space in the middle of the key for players to cut into with or without the ball. If the shooting guards or forwards are struggling to find space to receive the ball, they can move out even wider away from their markers to create even more space in and around the key area. Depth : Since this structure has 3 lines (layers) of players, the option of playing the ball to the side, forward or backward is useful since it lessens the chances of passes being intercepted. The point guard also has more options in that he can choose between short or long passes. Mobility : With the structure there are many movement options available to all players. E.G. players might switch positions quickly to confuse opposing markers, players might cut into space, or more importantly space inside the key, as a result of a team mate’s movement off the ball which has helped to create the space. There are no major weaknesses associated with this type of structure.

23 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. My opponents will use a Half-Court, Man-to-Man defensive STRATEGY. STRENGTHS of Man-to-Man Defensive Strategy : 1. Players can be marked closely, denying them space and time on the ball. 2. It can deny players good opportunities to shoot. 3. It can frustrate players if they are denied the ball, resulting in lack of interest and maybe even confidence. 4. Good pressure on the Point Guard can result in poor distribution of the ball in attack. 5. If defenders are not drawn too far out from the basket there remains good depth in terms of defensive cover and concentration in the vital key area. 6. Good and easy to use if attacking players lack mobility. WEAKNESSES of Man-to-Man Defensive Strategy : 1. Defenders can be drawn away from the basket or key attacking areas, therefore creating space for players to attack. 2. If a defender is beaten 1 on 1 you must rely on defensive team mates stepping off their player to cover the danger, therefore leaving their man unmarked. This 2 on 1 situation is not a good defensive situation. 3. Defenders are exposed to screening which, if successful, leads to attackers getting into areas near the basket. Even if defenders switch, there may be an imbalance of qualities in terms of build, speed and skill.

24 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. TASK : Observe your eventual opponents very carefully as they play a game. Concentrate on their defensive qualities only. Each player in your team should be allocated an opponent to watch. Make appropriate notes / comments about the player you are watching. I am in the _________________ team. Our opponents will be the _________________ team. I am watching, and taking notes on ______________________________. STRENGTHS / WEAKNESSES QUALITYGradeComment REBOUNDING MARKING INTERCEPTING STEALING BLOCKING CARDIOVASCULAR LOCAL MUSCULAR SPEED / ENDURANCE STRENGTH SPEED POWER AROUSAL MOTIVATION CONCENTRATION Key : / = Strength x = Weakness o = Neither an obvious strength or weakness

25 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. TASK : As a team discuss, and then complete a summary report on, the most obvious / important defensive strengths and weaknesses of each player in your opponent’s team. Opponent’s Name Obvious / Important STRENGTH Obvious / Important WEAKNESS

26 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. TASK : Having decided on your OFFENSIVE STRUCTURE, and on who will play where and why in that structure, your team must now plan an OFFENSIVE STRATEGY (tactic) that can be used in a competitive game against your opponents. Remember to take the following into account : Your own team’s ATTACKING STRENGTHS. Your opponent’s DEFENSIVE WEAKNESSES. OFFENSIVE STRATEGY : For diagrams relating to the above, see next page... My specific role in the variation of my team’s strategy is to

27 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. OFFENSIVE STRATEGY : Diagram Sequence

28 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. TASK : Having decided on your OFFENSIVE STRATEGY (tactic), and on who will do what and when in that strategy, your team must now plan a VARIATION of that OFFENSIVE STRATEGY which can also be used in a competitive game against your opponents. Remember ! The variation of your strategy should begin in exactly the same way as your original strategy, with subtle differences being introduced along the way to confuse your opponents. Variations of a strategy prevent your team’s play becoming predictable. OFFENSIVE STRATEGY (variation) : For diagrams relating to the above, see next page... My specific role in the variation of my team’s strategy is to

29 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. OFFENSIVE STRATEGY (VARIATION) : Diagram Sequence

30 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. TASK : Using the template below as a guide, design an Observation Schedule, appropriately broken down to show success criteria, which will allow information to be gathered on your ability to perform your specific offensive duties in your team’s strategy and the variation of that strategy. OFFENSIVE STRATEGY ATTEMPT NUMBER Action No. SUCCESS CRITERIA Was an attempt made to score from this move? Was a basket scored from this attempt? OFFENSIVE STRATEGY (Variation) ATTEMPT NUMBER Action No. SUCCESS CRITERIA Was an attempt made to score from this move? Was a basket scored from this attempt?

31 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. TASK : Using the template below as a guide, design an Observation Schedule, appropriately broken down to show success criteria, which will allow information to be gathered on your ability to perform your specific offensive duties in your team’s strategy and the variation of that strategy. OFFENSIVE STRATEGY ATTEMPT NUMBER Action No. SUCCESS CRITERIA When call is made, get away from marker to position wide of key. 2 Receive pass under control from point guard. 3 Fake pass back to point guard. 4 Drive past opponent while maintaining possession. 5 Shoot and score using (a)Set Shot or (b)Lay-Up OR 5 Pass accurately to team mate. 6 Move into rebounding position. 7 Win rebound. 8 Shoot rebound and score OR 8 Pass rebound accurately to team mate. Was an attempt made to score from this move? Was a basket scored from this attempt? OFFENSIVE STRATEGY (Variation) ATTEMPT NUMBER Action No. SUCCESS CRITERIA When call is made, get away from marker to position wide of key. 2 Receive pass under control from point guard. 3 Fake pass wide to forward. 4 Pass inside the key to the other shooting guard cutting inside. 5 Move past opponent to take up rebounding position. 6 Win rebound. 7 Shoot rebound and score. OR 7 Pass rebound accurately to team mate. Was an attempt made to score from this move? Was a basket scored from this attempt?

32 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. TASK : Explain why the Observation Schedule you used on the previous page was an appropriate method of collecting data on your performance. The observation schedule focussing on my role within my team’s attacking strategy was appropriate as it was designed to give me feedback as to which parts of my role I performed well and which parts required improvement. It also helped identify the point where our strategy was breaking down. Using this type of O.S. was also appropriate because it was very simple for the observer to use as it was not complicated. The observer was able to record the information immediately, therefore it was more likely to be accurate, compared to me using personal reflection some time after my game. Finally, the O.S. used was not an expensive resource, but it still provided me with a permanent record of my performance that I can refer to a later date should I require to do so. TASK : What conclusions were you able to draw from the results of the observation carried out on you. Things to consider would include : What did you do well? What did you do poorly? What effect did either of the above scenarios have on your team’s strategies? Did your team manage attempts at scoring because of the planned strategies? Did your team manage to score because of the planned strategies? Which strategy worked best? (original –v- variation) Remember! Support as many of the statements you make with hard statistics. Conclusions :

33 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 2 : ANALYSE Planning for performance. Conclusions continued... TASK : Explain clearly what you now regard as your own personal development needs and also what you regard as your team’s development needs.

34 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 3 : DEVELOPCompleting and monitoring a plan of action TASK : As an individual you must now take responsibility for developing your performance by Designing appropriate practices / drills / routines which will allow you to improve your ability to fulfil the role you have been asked to play in your team’s strategy and the variation of that strategy. Carrying out these practices during the FIRST PART (approximately 20 min) of a few training sessions. TASK : As a team you must also take collective responsibility for developing the team’s performance by Designing appropriate practices / drills / routines which will allow the team to practise and refine their strategies as well as developing each player’s understanding of each other’s role within these strategies. Carrying out these practices during the SECOND PART (approximately 15 min) of a few training sessions. TASK : Immediately after each training session you must record how you feel the session went, paying particular attention to you and / or your team’s : Progress made Difficulties encountered Motivation / Concentration Feedback Any other relevant comments Next training session (consideration of any changes required to be made)

35 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 3 : DEVELOPCompleting and monitoring your plan of action Session No. Date : Name : Warm-up (2-3 mins) OrderIndividual DRILLS / PRACTICES / ROUTINES Method of practice Timing 1 Use reverse side if necessary 20 min 2 Use reverse side if necessary OrderTeam DRILLS / PRACTICES / ROUTINES Method of practice Timing 1 Use reverse side if necessary 15 min 2 Use reverse side if necessary Cool-down (1-2 mins) REFLECTIONS / EVALUATIONS ON OR ABOUT YOUR TRAINING Progress made : Difficulties encountered : Motivation / Concentration : Feedback (internal / external) : Any other comments : Next training session (consideration of any changes required to be made) :

36 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 3 : DEVELOPCompleting and monitoring a plan of action TASK : Describe how you and your team organised relevant training practices / drills / routines to ensure progress in your performance. Justify the course of action you took and give specific examples of the practices / drills / routines you used. I completed ____ training sessions. Each training session lasted approximately 40 min. I warmed up for 2-3 min at the start of each session and always left 1-2 min at the end to cool down again. I dedicated the first 20 min of each session to developing my ability to perform my specific role(s) in my team’s strategies. To ensure progression I started with simple, unopposed practices. I gradually introduced pressure to my practices by adding opponents and therefore ensuring my practices were becoming more game-like. I only progressed from 1 drill to the next when I was confident that I had become consistently successful. Here are 3 progressive practices, appropriately described, and illustrated using diagrams, that I used to develop one of my individual weaknesses related to my role in my team’s strategies. Stage 1 : Stage 2 : Stage 3 :

37 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 3 : DEVELOPCompleting and monitoring a plan of action TASK (continued) : The final 15 min of each training session was used to develop our strategies as a team. Training on team weaknesses was also progressive. The parts of each strategy that were continually breaking down were practised by the relevant members of our team until errors were eventually eradicated. Once again, in an effort to make the strategies game-like, we added pressure to our practices by introducing more and more opponents. This allowed us to work more realistically on things like the timing of screens, passes and cuts / runs. Once _____ parts of our strategies were practiced and mastered separately, they were gradually all put together so that the whole move could be practised. This allowed everyone in the team to see and understand the big picture as to where their part in the overall strategies fitted in. Here are 2 separate practices, appropriately described and illustrated using diagrams, that we used when we worked on different parts of our strategy. Practice 1 : Practice 2 :

38 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE Key CONCEPT 3 Information processing, problem-solving and decision making when working to develop and improve performance. Key Feature 1 : The importance of evaluating the effectiveness of current structures or strategies in individual, team or group situations during performance. Key Feature 2 : How to adapt and refine structures and strategies in response to performance demands. Key Feature 3 : The importance, during performance, of continually : Being perceptive Being creative Making good decisions under pressure Exercising effective solutions

39 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Reflecting on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work. Having completed your INDIVIDUAL and TEAM development programmes you must now take appropriate steps to MEASURE YOUR OWN and YOUR TEAM’S NEW LEVEL OF ABILITY and to ASSESS THE EFFECTIVENESS OF YOUR DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME. These steps will include : Being re-observed using exactly the same observation schedule as before (see Task ______) while playing against the same opponents as before. Comparing your pre-training results (before) and your post-training results (after). Discussing as a team, the success or failure of your team’s strategies. Understanding that PROBLEM-SOLVING and DECISION-MAKING are important factors that can have an effect on an individual’s / team’s performance in any activity that involves Structures and Strategies. Drawing conclusions from all your available evidence. Deciding what you as an individual and / or your team consider to be your next steps in relation to your future development needs in this area of performance i.e. Structures and Strategies.

40 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Reflecting on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work. OFFENSIVE STRATEGY RE-OBSERVATION ATTEMPT NUMBER Action No. SUCCESS CRITERIA Was an attempt made to score from this move? Was a basket scored from this attempt? OFFENSIVE STRATEGY (Variation) RE-OBSERVATION ATTEMPT NUMBER Action No. SUCCESS CRITERIA Was an attempt made to score from this move? Was a basket scored from this attempt?

41 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Reflecting on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work. TASK : Compare your results from your INITIAL Observation Schedule (page ) with your FINAL Observation Schedule (page ). Discuss the findings about your own individual contribution to your team’s strategies by answering the following questions : Has your performance changed? Main Strategy Variation Of Strategy Overall Yes, it has improved significantly. Yes, it has improved marginally. No, it has remained constant. Yes, it has become marginally poorer. Yes, it has become significantly poorer. How do you know your performance has changed? What proof do you have?

42 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Reflecting on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work. List the MAIN changes to your performance. (What are you doing now that you were not doing before?) What did you do to measure changes in your performance? (How did you evaluate these changes in your performance? I compared my pre-development programme observation results with my post-development programme observation results and noted all significant changes. I compared the number of baskets scored and number of shooting opportunities created when I did things correctly to when I did things poorly. I also used this type of comparison on a before and after basis in relation to my development programme. I also examined my ability to fulfil my role in 1 strategy and compared it to fulfilling my role in the 2 nd. Have the changes in your ability to perform your specific role in your team’s strategies had an effect on your team’s performance? Yes. My team have benefited as a result of my performance improving. Yes. My team have suffered as a result of my performance deteriorating. Explain :

43 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Reflecting on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work. TASK : AS A TEAM discuss each other’s findings from Task(s) ____________ and then answer the following questions. Has your team’s performance changed? Main Strategy Variation Of strategy Overall Yes, it has improved significantly. Yes, it has improved marginally. No, it has remained constant. Yes, it has become marginally poorer. Yes, it has become significantly poorer. How do you know your team’s performance has changed? What proof do you have? Consider the following : The result of the game. The number of baskets scored directly from your strategies. The number of clear shooting opportunities created as a result of your strategies. The results of each individual’s observation schedules. Personal reflection about how training sessions went and the type of progress that was made.

44 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Reflecting on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work. List the MAIN changes to your team’s performance. (What is your team doing now that it wasn’t doing before?) What did you do to measure changes in your team’s performance? (How did you evaluate these changes in your performance?) We looked carefully at each other’s findings about our individual performances to see if progress had been made. We collated all significant changes in performance. We compared the number of baskets scored and number of shooting opportunities created as a direct result of using our strategies before our development programme started, with the number scored and created after our development programme had been completed. We also compared the score of our 1 st game with our 2 nd game.

45 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Reflecting on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work. Before answering any more questions, consider the following PROBLEMS that had to be SOLVED and the DECISIONS that had to be MADE BEFORE you played against your opponents. Problem-solving and Decision-making are important factors that can affect your performance in any activity that involves Structures and Strategies. Problems : How, to the best of our ability, could our team prevent our opponents scoring? How might it be possible to break down our opponent’s defence so we can score? Decisions : We had to decide on the best strategy to use when defending. We had to decide who in our team would mark who in the opposing team, taking into consideration the fitness, physical qualities and defensive skills of our team mates, as well as the physical qualities and skill levels of our opponents. We had to decide which attacking structure to use. We had to decide who would play where and why in our structure. We had to decide on an attacking strategy that our team could use to break down our opponent’s defence, taking into consideration our individual attacking strengths while also trying to exploit our opponent’s defensive weaknesses. We had to decide on a variation of our attacking strategy so that our attacks did not become predictable. We had to decide on calls or signals that our point guard could use to indicate to the rest of our team which attacking strategy he hoped to run during that particular attack.

46 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Reflecting on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work. Now consider the following PROBLEMS that had to be SOLVED and the DECISIONS that had to be MADE DURING the game against your opponents. Problems : How, to the best of our ability, could our team prevent our opponents scoring? How might it be possible to break down our opponent’s defence so we can score? How can we adapt our play if our team’s strategies are not proving to be effective? Decisions : Although we still had to play half-court, man-for-man defence, we had to decide if players were coping defensively with their direct opponent. If they were struggling we had to decide who would swap with who to make the situation a bit better. In attack our team had to decide when and how often the attacking strategies would be attempted, taking into account how successful they had been and whether or not our opponents were anticipating the movement within each strategy. We had to decide if one strategy was working more often than the other, and therefore whether to use it more. We had to make general decisions during play about our own, our team mates’ and our opponent’s positioning on court. If our pre-planned strategy options were not on (available), we had to adapt very quickly and make instant decisions about the appropriateness of shooting, passing or dribbling. If our attacking strategies were proving to be ineffective, we had to decide why, and whether or not any particular member of the team was letting us down. We were able to give each other feedback during time-outs or breaks in play. We had to decide to change our options within a strategy if it still didn’t work even after feedback was given to individuals. We had to decide to change players playing in key positions if they were not playing to their usual ability.

47 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Reflecting on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work. TASK : Have the changes in your team’s ability to perform their strategies had an effect on your team’s performance? Yes. My team have benefited by improving their ability to perform their strategies. Yes. My team have suffered because of their inability to perform their strategies. Explain the main reasons behind the success or failure of your team’s attacking strategies that emerged from comparing your team’s findings with each other. Things worth considering include : Knowledge / Memory of team mates and / or opponents strengths and weaknesses. Your team’s, and your opponent’s team’s, skill / fitness levels. Your team’s knowledge / understanding of your strategies. The timing of your moves. The predictability of your moves. Your opponents making adjustments when anticipating your moves. The decisions you and / or your team had to make before and / or during games. You and / or your team mate’s development programmes. Continue over page if required... TASK :

48 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Reflecting on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work. Task _____ (continued)...

49 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE STAGE 4 : EVALUATE Reflecting on your planning, effectiveness and benefits of your programme of work. TASK : Explain what you as an individual and / or your team consider to be your next steps in relation to your future development needs in this area of performance. (What do you plan to do next, in terms of Structures and Strategies, in order to become even better?)

50 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE EXAM PREPARATION REVISION CHECKLIST QUYesNo 1Can you name the area of analysis and development of performance you have been studying? 2Can you describe what the aim of this area of analysis and development of performance was? 3Do you know how many Key Concepts were involved in this area of analysis and development of performance? 4Can you name these Key Concepts? 5Do you know how many Key Features were related to each Key Concept? 6Can you name these Key Features? 7Can you name the 4 stages in the Cycle of Analysis process? 8Can you name the Activity you took part in? 9Can you name the nature and purpose of your activity? 10Can you name some personal qualities needed for your successful participation in the activity? 11Can you explain why these personal qualities are important? 12Can you name the most important playing positions / roles used in your activity? 13Can you explain the requirements of each playing position / role? 14Can you name the most important skills of your activity? 15Can you describe these skills? 16Can you name the aspects of fitness required in your activity? 17Can you explain the importance of each of these aspects of fitness? 18Can you name the most important principles of play related to your activity? 19Can you explain the importance of each of these principles?

51 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE EXAM PREPARATION REVISION CHECKLIST QUYesNo 20Can you explain what is meant by the term personal reflection? 21Can you explain the importance of validity and reliability in relation to gathering data about performances? 22Can you name reliable methods of data collection? 23Can you describe the advantages and disadvantages of these different methods? 24Can you describe the methods you used to collect initial data about the performance of your team and your opponents? 25Can you describe the type of information you were able to find out about your performance from this initial data? 26Can you describe your team’s defensive strategy? 27Can you describe the strengths and weaknesses of this strategy? 28Can you describe your team’s attacking structure? 29Can you describe the strengths and weaknesses of this structure? 30Do you know the playing position / role of each player in your team? 31Do you know why you were chosen to play in your particular position / role? 32Can you describe the strengths and weaknesses of your opponent’s defence? 33Can you describe your team’s attacking strategy? 34Can you describe your specific role in the strategy? 35Can you describe your team’s variation of their attacking strategy? 36Can you describe your specific role in the variation of the strategy? 37Can you describe the methods you used to collect focussed data about your performance in relation to these strategies?

52 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE EXAM PREPARATION REVISION CHECKLIST QUYesNo 38Can you describe the type of information you were able to find out about your performance from this focussed data? 39Can you explain why this method of data collection was appropriate? 40Can you describe what you and your team decided they had to do to improve their performances? 41Can you describe how you and your team developed their performances? 42Do you know how long your development programme lasted? 43Do you know how often you trained? 44Do you know how long each of your training sessions lasted? 45Do you know which methods of practice you used during your training sessions? 46Do you know why you used these particular methods of practice? 47Can you describe how you monitored the appropriateness and effectiveness of your development programme? 48Can you describe how you and your team organised relevant training practices / drills / routines as part of a typical training session? 49Can you describe how you evaluated each training session? 50Can you explain when, how and why you adapted or changed your development programme? 51Can you describe the steps you took to measure your new level of ability following the completion of your development programme? 52Can you describe the steps you took to assess the effectiveness of your development programme? 53Can you describe the type of information you were able to find out about your level of ability after completing your development programme compared to your ability before starting it?

53 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE EXAM PREPARATION REVISION CHECKLIST QUYesNo 54Do you know if your performance changed? 55Do you know how your performance changed? 56Can you prove that your performance changed? 57Can you describe the main changes to your performance? 58Can you explain how you measured these changes in your performance? 59Can you describe the effect the changes to your performance have had on your team’s performance? 60Do you know if your team’s performance changed? 61Do you know how your team’s performance changed? 62Can you prove that your team’s performance changed? 63Can you describe the main changes to your team’s performance? 64Can you explain how you measured these changes in your team’s performance? 65Can you describe the part problem-solving and decision- making played before and during your games? 66Can you describe the effect the changes in your team’s ability to perform their strategies had on your team’s overall performance? 67Can you describe the main reasons behind the success or failure of your team’s attacking strategies? 68Can you describe what you as an individual and / or your team consider to be your future development needs in relation to this area of performance? 69 70

54 ANALYSIS AND DEVELOPMENT OF PERFORMANCE EXAM PREPARATION SPECIMEN EXAM QUESTIONS STRUCTURES AND STRATEGIES Question a)Choose an activity and a structure or strategy you have used. Describe how you planned your practice of this structure or strategy to ensure you were prepared to apply and adapt it as performance circumstances required. b)When using this structure or strategy, describe how your strength(s) and weakness(es) influenced your practice and performance. c)Discuss how you adapted your performance in this structure or strategy to reduce the effect of your weakness(es). Explain, in detail, the adaptations you made to minimise identified weakness(es). d)As a result of the adaptations you made, describe how you evaluated the effectiveness of the performance. Identify one future development need within this structure or strategy (20) a)Describe, in detail, a structure or strategy that you would usually select as your first choice. Explain why you would select this structure or strategy in preference to any other. b)Discuss the importance of developing alternative structures or strategies when practising to meet less predictable performance demands. c)During the application of a structure or strategy, focusing your attention on relevant information can ensure that effective decisions are made. With reference to the role you played or a performance you planned, give examples of two pieces of information you would look for to help inform your decision making. d) Discuss how you would organise your future training to ensure you had opportunities to practise decision-making when applying structures or strategies. 6 4 (20)


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