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Functions of the Respiratory system. P6/ M3 To get a PASS: A labelled diagram of the respiratory system and its application. A general description of.

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Presentation on theme: "Functions of the Respiratory system. P6/ M3 To get a PASS: A labelled diagram of the respiratory system and its application. A general description of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Functions of the Respiratory system

2 P6/ M3

3 To get a PASS: A labelled diagram of the respiratory system and its application. A general description of the function of the respiratory system. The structure of the respiratory system The function of the respiratory system Breathing (neural and chemical control) To get a Pass (P6) you need to: Describe the structure and function of the respiratory system, the mechanisms of breathing and the respiratory volumes To get a PASS: A labelled diagram of the respiratory system and its application. A general description of the function of the respiratory system. The structure of the respiratory system The function of the respiratory system Breathing (neural and chemical control) To get a Pass (P6) you need to: Describe the structure and function of the respiratory system, the mechanisms of breathing and the respiratory volumes To get a MERIT: Same as the above… AND Explain the function of the respiratory system, including mechanisms of breathing. This needs to show more detail, and give an indication of how each element of the respiratory system is designed to meet it’s function. To get a MERIT: Same as the above… AND Explain the function of the respiratory system, including mechanisms of breathing. This needs to show more detail, and give an indication of how each element of the respiratory system is designed to meet it’s function.

4 responsible The respiratory system is responsible for: – getting oxygen in to our body – Getting carbon dioxide and other waste products out of our body responsible The respiratory system is responsible for: – getting oxygen in to our body – Getting carbon dioxide and other waste products out of our body All living creatures need Oxygen in combination with food to produce energy and movement. Every cell of the body needs Oxygen to function Respiration is the process by which cells receive a constant supply of oxygen and carbon dioxide is removed. All living creatures need Oxygen in combination with food to produce energy and movement. Every cell of the body needs Oxygen to function Respiration is the process by which cells receive a constant supply of oxygen and carbon dioxide is removed.

5 The aim of the respiratory system is to get: – Oxygen to the bloodstream so that the CV system can deliver it to the muscles. – Carbon dioxide out of the bloodstream All endurance performance relies on – Delivery of Oxygen into the blood stream – Removal of Carbon Dioxide out of the blood Give a couple of specific examples in your worksheet Give a couple of specific examples in your worksheet When we exercise: CO 2 dissolves within the bloodstream and increases acidity levels. So the respiratory centre in the brain speeds up the rate of breathing to get rid of excess CO 2. So rate of breathing increases due to CO 2 levels rising. Not the cells demanding more O 2. When we exercise: CO 2 dissolves within the bloodstream and increases acidity levels. So the respiratory centre in the brain speeds up the rate of breathing to get rid of excess CO 2. So rate of breathing increases due to CO 2 levels rising. Not the cells demanding more O 2.

6 Gases move through a process called diffusion – Gas moves from a high concentration to a low concentration Eg: someone wearing perfume. Gases move through a process called diffusion – Gas moves from a high concentration to a low concentration Eg: someone wearing perfume. In the respiratory system – Two different types of diffusion: Diffusion of Oxygen into the blood stream, attracted by haemoglobin Diffusion of Carbon Dioxide out of the blood stream to be excreted by the lungs In the respiratory system – Two different types of diffusion: Diffusion of Oxygen into the blood stream, attracted by haemoglobin Diffusion of Carbon Dioxide out of the blood stream to be excreted by the lungs

7 The alveoli are in constant contact with the capillaries The air we breath in arrives in the alveoli, rich in Oxygen The blood arrives from the pulmonary artery very low in oxygen Following the principle of diffusion, the Oxygen moves across the capillary wall and into the blood stream – It is attracted by the haemoglobin into the red blood cells The blood returns to the heart to be pumped to the rest of the body The alveoli are in constant contact with the capillaries The air we breath in arrives in the alveoli, rich in Oxygen The blood arrives from the pulmonary artery very low in oxygen Following the principle of diffusion, the Oxygen moves across the capillary wall and into the blood stream – It is attracted by the haemoglobin into the red blood cells The blood returns to the heart to be pumped to the rest of the body

8 The blood arrives in capillaries of the lungs with a high concentration of Carbon Dioxide The air in the alveoli has a low concentration of Carbon Dioxide According to the principles of diffusion, the Carbon dioxide moves across the wall of the capillaries and into the alveoli, so that it can be expired.


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