3 To get a PASS: To get a MERIT: The structure of the respiratory system A labelled diagram of the respiratory system and its application.A general description of the function of the respiratory system.The structure of the respiratory systemThe function of the respiratory systemBreathing (neural and chemical control)To get a Pass (P6) you need to:Describe the structure and function of the respiratory system, the mechanisms of breathing and the respiratory volumesTo get a MERIT:Same as the above… ANDExplain the function of the respiratory system, including mechanisms of breathing. This needs to show more detail, and give an indication of how each element of the respiratory system is designed to meet it’s function.
4 General description The respiratory system is responsible for: getting oxygen in to our bodyGetting carbon dioxide and other waste products out of our bodyAll living creatures need Oxygen in combination with food to produce energy and movement.Every cell of the body needs Oxygen to functionRespiration is the process by which cells receive a constant supply of oxygen and carbon dioxide is removed.
5 General description… The aim of the respiratory system is to get: Oxygen to the bloodstreamso that the CV system can deliver it to the muscles.Carbon dioxide out of the bloodstreamAll endurance performance relies onDelivery of Oxygen into the blood streamRemoval of Carbon Dioxide out of the bloodGive a couple of specific examples in your worksheetGeneral description…When we exercise: CO2 dissolves within the bloodstream and increases acidity levels. So the respiratory centre in the brain speeds up the rate of breathing to get rid of excess CO2.So rate of breathing increases due to CO2 levels rising. Not the cells demanding more O2.
6 Diffusion Two different types of diffusion: Gases move through a process called diffusionGas moves from a high concentration to a low concentrationEg: someone wearing perfume.In the respiratory systemTwo different types of diffusion:Diffusion of Oxygen into the blood stream, attracted by haemoglobinDiffusion of Carbon Dioxide out of the blood stream to be excreted by the lungs
7 Diffusion of Oxygen into the blood stream The alveoli are in constant contact with the capillariesThe air we breath in arrives in the alveoli, rich in OxygenThe blood arrives from the pulmonary artery very low in oxygenFollowing the principle of diffusion, the Oxygen moves across the capillary wall and into the blood streamIt is attracted by the haemoglobin into the red blood cellsThe blood returns to the heart to be pumped to the rest of the body
8 Diffusion of Carbon Dioxide out of the blood stream The blood arrives in capillaries of the lungs with a high concentration of Carbon DioxideThe air in the alveoli has a low concentration of Carbon DioxideAccording to the principles of diffusion, the Carbon dioxide moves across the wall of the capillaries and into the alveoli, so that it can be expired.