Presentation on theme: "Unit 19 Analysis of Sports Performance. On completion of this unit a learner should be able to: Topic 1 – create a Performance profile of a sporting activity."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 19 Analysis of Sports Performance
On completion of this unit a learner should be able to: Topic 1 – create a Performance profile of a sporting activity Topic 2 - Analyse sporting performance Topic 3 - Provide feedback to athletes regarding performance Topic 4 – Describe the purpose and resources required for analysing different levels of sporting performance. Learning outcomes for this Unit:
Topic 1 - Performance profile of a sporting activity Grading Criteria P1 Describe the performance profile of a selected sporting activity M1 Explain the performance profile of a selected sporting activity D1 Analyse the performance profile of a selected sporting activity P2 Describe five factors that may influence the performance of an athlete
Identify current levels of ability & competence Identify strengths & areas for improvement Monitor performance (progress & decline) Monitor effectiveness of training programmes Identify differences in athlete & coach opinion on performance Provide a basis for training programme The purpose of Performance Profiling is to……
Choosing a sporting activity you want to create your Performance Profile about…. An individual based sport, eg archery, shooting, sprinting A specific position found in sport, eg goalkeeper, mid- fielder, defender A specific action found in sport, eg tennis serve, penalty
You must describe the perfect player in terms of…….. Technically & Tactically – What skills must they be good at? What is the required style of play? shooting, crossing, catching, passing, tackling, heading, dribbling, striking, positional play, style of play Physically - Which physical components are required? strength, power, flexibility, speed/pace, agility, Physiologically - What are the preferred physiological components? cardiovascular fitness, body composition/somatotype, lung function, recovery Psychologically - What psychological factors are required? motivation, anxiety, arousal, attention, confidence, aggression, relaxation, concentration Biomechanically - Linear Displacement – how far & quickly a person travels in a straight line (forces acting on the body)Velocity of Release – the speed at which you release the ball Acceleration – increase in speed in relation to time taken Application of force – force used when striking the ball or holding off a player Use of levers – co-ordination of arms & legs, angles of striking the ball
Assessment P1, M1 Either describe, explain or analyse the performance profile of a selected sporting activity. Cover the following areas: Technical & Tactical Physical Physiological Psychological Biomechanical You can choose the sporting activity in terms of an individual sport (as a whole), a players position or an action/activity within a game.
Age – performance declines after age 35. Strength, flexibility, cardiovascular fitness & other structures & functions reduce in efficiency reducing optimal performance. Health – the bodies functions & improvements happen collectively. If any aspect of the body is not functioning well it will effect the body as a whole & therefore sports performance. Diet – having a healthy & balanced diet fuels the body for activity, aids optimal function, growth & repair. This will improve health & ultimately improve sport performance. A bad or unhealthy diet will not fulfil the bodies requirements & can ultimately cause disease. Previous training – having a knowledge of previous training methods & schedules is helpful in realising what is successful & what doesn’t work. This then aids development in the future. Motivation – whether intrinsic or extrinsic, the more motivation the more focused & dedicated an athlete will be to training & competition. Confidence – this is how successful you believe you will be. This can be effected by previous experiences, your perception of forthcoming events (how comfortable you are with them) & other psych. Factors such as anxiety & stress. Ability level – performance is the result of ability & skill. This is natural but can be trained to an extent. P2 - Factors influencing sport performance - Intrinsic
Group dynamics – This will depend on the stage of development (forming, storming, norming & performing) as to how positive the effect will be. Group cohesion – The degree of group cohesion can effect sporting performance. This depends on social cohesion & task cohesion; task cohesion having a stronger influence than social. The more cohesion the better the performance. Temperature – Effects of temperature on sports performance can be physical & psychological. Extreme low temperatures can result in torn muscles/tendons etc if there is a lack of warm up. Thought processes can slow down & body functions become less efficient, in extreme cases hypothermia can set in; this can be fatal. Extreme heat can cause heat exhaustion & dehydration which has a profound negative effect on performance. Temperature can also effect motivation depending on your preference. Time of day – The timing of training & competition can influence sports performance. The bodies metabolism tends to be slower in the mornings (causing a lack of energy), whereas later in the day the body may be fatigued & suffer a lack of concentration. Ideally, training should mimic the timings of competition, this can be difficult when certain competitions have to be timed around TV coverage & audience demands. P2 - Factors influencing sport performance - Extrinsic
Assessment P2 P2 Describe five factors that may influence the performance of an athlete Choose 5 factors (include both intrinsic & extrinsic) that influence sporting performance. Describe what they are & how they influence an athletes performance.
Topic 2- Analysing Sport Performance Grading Criteria P3 perform an assessment of a selected athlete undertaking sporting activity using three components of their performance profile, with tutor support M2 independently perform an assessment of a selected athlete undertaking sporting activity using three components of their performance profile D2 analyse the performance of a selected athlete using three components of their performance profile
Topic 2 - Analysing Sporting Performance You must now analyse the sporting performance of your chosen athlete. Choose 3 components from the list below: technical and tactical, eg notational analysis, tally charts; physical, eg multi-stage fitness test, repeated anaerobic sprint test; motor, eg T-run, Illinois agility run; physiological, eg heart rate monitor, peak flow psychological, eg interviews, questionnaires biomechanical, eg recording Think about which method you will use to analyse each component (they won’t necessarily be the same). Look at the following examples & select 3 to analyse.
Technical% success rateTacticalGrade out of 10 Long passFormation Short passPositioning CrossingDecision Making TacklingPressing HeadingStrategy ShootingSpatial Awareness DribblingMovement Technical and Tactical notational analysis tally charts
Fitness TestScoreNormative Data Category Comment MSFTLevel 10AverageAdequate, but could do with improving 1 Rep Max Sit & Reach Standing Broad Jump Physical Multi-stage fitness test, 1 Rep Max, Sit & Reach etc
Motor Illinois Agility Test, T-test Fitness TestScoreNormative Data Category Comment Illinois Agility Test16 secAbove AverageGood, but could be excellent
Physiological Heart rate monitor, Peak flow, Health Monitoring Test ResultNormative Data Category Comment Resting Heart Rate80 beats per minuteAverageAdequate, but could do with improving Peak flow
Psychological Interviews, Questionnaires etc Questionnaire/TestResultComment SCAT (Sports Competition Anxiety Test) High low levels etcHigh levels need reducing through Psych Skills Programme/Techniques Cattells 16 Personality Factor Test Type A Type B
Biomechanical Result/Comment/Interpretation Video Analysis Performance Plate Gait Analysis
P3, M2, D2 - Analysing Sporting Performance Analyse the sporting performance of your chosen athlete. Choose 3 components: Technical & Tactical Physical Motor Physiological Psychological Biomechanical Using a method of your choice analyse 3 components of performance from the list above. Record the results. From this you can identify strengths & areas for improvement.
Topic 3- Provide feedback to athletes regarding performance Grading Criteria P4 provide feedback to the athlete based on the assessment of their performance, with tutor support M2 independently provide feedback to the athlete based on the assessment of their performance.
Topic 3 - Provide feedback to athletes regarding performance Now you have analysed the sporting performance of your chosen athlete, you can provide them with feedback. Do this with tutor support for the Pass or independently to achieve the Merit. Firstly, identify: Strengths Areas for improvement Then, for each of the 3 components you analysed create a target & goal to improve a weakness. SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, timebound) Targets Goals (short-, medium- and long-term) Then provide recommendations on how they could achieve the goals & targets: For example:skills training training for specific components of fitness technique coaching specific to movement psychological training (concentration, anxiety and arousal control)
Component of Performance: Strength Weakness Target (SMART)S - M - A - R - T - Short Term Goal:Medium Term Goal:Long Term Goal: Recommendations : (which methods would you use to improve weaknesses/achieve goals?)
Topic 4 - Purpose and resources required for analysing different levels of sporting performance Grading Criteria P5 explain the purpose of, & the resources required for, analysis at two different levels of sports performance.
Levels of Performance School children, beginners, grass roots Learning & understanding basic movement skills & establishing a positive attitude to sport & exercise Saturday league player, out-of-school club Health, fitness & social purposes County or national standard Aim to improve standard through coaching, competition & training Olympic/world-class athlete/professional Aim is to reach the very peak of excellence
Purposes Reasons for Sports Analysis Monitoring current fitness levels Monitors current training methods to ensure improvements are being seen. This will also identify any failings to progress. Squad selection By monitoring performance of individuals in training it enables a more in depth analysis & thorough squad selection. Goal setting It is only after analysing sports performance that goals can be set in order to improve weaknesses. These should be SMART in order to increase motivation. Assessment of health & fitness status This will highlight any areas that need addressing, i.e. Increased body fat composition would indicate a need to lose weight. Recovery after injury This may be to monitor progress against expected timescales or to check an athlete is at their pre-injury level of fitness Performance assessment Assessing athletes in competition vs training allows coaches to see what effect factors such as the crowd, pressure of a game etc have on performance. It also highlights an athletes ability to apply tactics & managers instructions. Talent identification This could be initial ability, establishing level of talent or scouting for new players or evaluating opponents in preparation for a match. Identification of strengths & areas for improvement This may include simply aiming to increase enjoyment levels to formulating goals & targets to improve weaknesses.
Resources Reasons for Sports Analysis Fiscal – this will depend on how much money is available to the club/athletes. How do they fund their sport? Equipment – this could be second hand, as old as when the club was set up or brand new designed with the latest technology. Again this comes down to money. Time – analysis can be very time consuming. Collecting data, analysing & interpreting it, then feeding it back is a long process. How much time available will dictate whether the team are assessed together or whether individuals get one-to-one sessions. Also how much detail can be given in the analysis. Human – foundation will have simply teacher & parental support whereas elite will have full time roles for coaching staff, strengths & conditioning, sport scientists, physios, doctors Facilities - depending on the level, this could be pen & paper out on the football pitch (making tally’s) or this could be a sports performance science lab. Again money available is the main factor.
Topic 4 - Purpose and resources required for analysing different levels of sporting performance Assessment Choose 2 different levels of sport performance. Explain the purpose of, & the resources required for their analysis.