2 Learning outcomes for this Unit: On completion of this unit a learner should be able to: Topic 1 – create a Performance profile of a sporting activity Topic 2 - Analyse sporting performance Topic 3 - Provide feedback to athletes regarding performance Topic 4 – Describe the purpose and resources required for analysing different levels of sporting performance.
3 Topic 1 - Performance profile of a sporting activity Grading Criteria Grading CriteriaP1Describe the performance profile of a selected sporting activityM1Explain the performance profile of a selected sporting activityD1Analyse the performance profile of a selected sporting activityP2Describe five factors that may influence the performance of an athlete
4 The purpose of Performance Profiling is to…… Identify current levels of ability & competenceIdentify strengths & areas for improvementMonitor performance (progress & decline)Monitor effectiveness of training programmesIdentify differences in athlete & coach opinion on performanceProvide a basis for training programme
5 Choosing a sporting activity you want to create your Performance Profile about…. An individual based sport, eg archery, shooting, sprintingA specific position found in sport, eg goalkeeper, mid-fielder, defenderA specific action found in sport, eg tennis serve, penalty
6 You must describe the perfect player in terms of…….. Technically & Tactically – What skills must they be good at?What is the required style of play?shooting, crossing, catching, passing, tackling, heading, dribbling, striking, positional play, style of playPhysically - Which physical components are required?strength, power, flexibility, speed/pace, agility,Physiologically - What are the preferred physiological components?cardiovascular fitness, body composition/somatotype, lung function, recoveryPsychologically - What psychological factors are required?motivation, anxiety, arousal, attention, confidence, aggression, relaxation, concentrationBiomechanically - Linear Displacement – how far & quickly a person travels in a straight line(forces acting on the body) Velocity of Release – the speed at which you release the ballAcceleration – increase in speed in relation to time takenApplication of force – force used when striking the ball or holding off a playerUse of levers – co-ordination of arms & legs, angles of striking the ball
7 Assessment P1, M1Either describe, explain or analyse the performance profile of a selected sporting activity. Cover the following areas:Technical & TacticalPhysicalPhysiologicalPsychologicalBiomechanicalYou can choose the sporting activity in terms of an individual sport (as a whole), a players position or an action/activity within a game.
8 P2 - Factors influencing sport performance - Intrinsic Age – performance declines after age 35. Strength, flexibility, cardiovascular fitness & other structures & functions reduce in efficiency reducing optimal performance.Health – the bodies functions & improvements happen collectively. If any aspect of the body is not functioning well it will effect the body as a whole & therefore sports performance.Diet – having a healthy & balanced diet fuels the body for activity, aids optimal function, growth & repair. This will improve health & ultimately improve sport performance. A bad or unhealthy diet will not fulfil the bodies requirements & can ultimately cause disease.Previous training – having a knowledge of previous training methods & schedules is helpful in realising what is successful & what doesn’t work. This then aids development in the future.Motivation – whether intrinsic or extrinsic, the more motivation the more focused & dedicated an athlete will be to training & competition.Confidence – this is how successful you believe you will be. This can be effected by previous experiences, your perception of forthcoming events (how comfortable you are with them) & other psych. Factors such as anxiety & stress.Ability level – performance is the result of ability & skill. This is natural but can be trained to an extent.
9 P2 - Factors influencing sport performance - Extrinsic Group dynamics – This will depend on the stage of development (forming, storming, norming & performing) as to how positive the effect will be.Group cohesion – The degree of group cohesion can effect sporting performance. This depends on social cohesion & task cohesion; task cohesion having a stronger influence than social. The more cohesion the better the performance.Temperature – Effects of temperature on sports performance can be physical & psychological. Extreme low temperatures can result in torn muscles/tendons etc if there is a lack of warm up. Thought processes can slow down & body functions become less efficient, in extreme cases hypothermia can set in; this can be fatal. Extreme heat can cause heat exhaustion & dehydration which has a profound negative effect on performance.Temperature can also effect motivation depending on your preference.Time of day – The timing of training & competition can influence sports performance. The bodies metabolism tends to be slower in the mornings (causing a lack of energy), whereas later in the day the body may be fatigued & suffer a lack of concentration.Ideally, training should mimic the timings of competition, this can be difficult when certain competitions have to be timed around TV coverage & audience demands.
10 Describe five factors that may influence the performance of an athlete Assessment P2P2Describe five factors that may influence the performance of an athleteChoose 5 factors (include both intrinsic & extrinsic) that influence sporting performance. Describe what they are & how they influence an athletes performance.
11 Topic 2- Analysing Sport Performance Grading Criteria Grading CriteriaP3perform an assessment of a selected athlete undertaking sporting activity using three components of their performance profile, with tutor supportM2independently perform an assessment of a selected athlete undertaking sporting activity using three components of their performance profileD2analyse the performance of a selected athlete using three components of their performance profile
12 Topic 2 - Analysing Sporting Performance You must now analyse the sporting performance of your chosen athlete.Choose 3 components from the list below:technical and tactical, eg notational analysis, tally charts;physical, eg multi-stage fitness test, repeated anaerobic sprint test;motor, eg T-run, Illinois agility run;physiological, eg heart rate monitor, peak flowpsychological, eg interviews, questionnairesbiomechanical, eg recordingThink about which method you will use to analyse each component (they won’t necessarily be the same). Look at the following examples & select 3 to analyse.
13 Technical and Tactical notational analysistally chartsTechnical% success rateTacticalGrade out of 10Long passFormationShort passPositioningCrossingDecision MakingTacklingPressingHeadingStrategyShootingSpatial AwarenessDribblingMovement
14 Physical Multi-stage fitness test, 1 Rep Max, Sit & Reach etc ScoreNormative Data CategoryCommentMSFTLevel 10AverageAdequate, but could do with improving1 Rep MaxSit & ReachStanding Broad Jump
15 Motor Illinois Agility Test, T-test Fitness Test Score Normative Data CategoryCommentIllinois Agility Test16 secAbove AverageGood, but could be excellent
16 Physiological Heart rate monitor, Peak flow, Health Monitoring Test ResultNormative Data CategoryCommentResting Heart Rate80 beats per minuteAverageAdequate, but could do with improvingPeak flow
17 Psychological Interviews, Questionnaires etc Questionnaire/Test Result CommentSCAT (Sports Competition Anxiety Test)High low levels etcHigh levels need reducing through Psych Skills Programme/TechniquesCattells 16 Personality Factor TestType AType B
18 Biomechanical Result/Comment/Interpretation Video Analysis Performance PlateGait Analysis
19 P3, M2, D2 - Analysing Sporting Performance Analyse the sporting performance of your chosen athlete.Choose 3 components:Technical & TacticalPhysicalMotorPhysiologicalPsychologicalBiomechanicalUsing a method of your choice analyse 3 components of performance from the list above. Record the results.From this you can identify strengths & areas for improvement.
20 Topic 3- Provide feedback to athletes regarding performance Grading CriteriaGrading CriteriaP4provide feedback to the athlete based on the assessment of their performance, with tutor supportM2independently provide feedback to the athlete based on the assessment of their performance.
21 Topic 3 - Provide feedback to athletes regarding performance Now you have analysed the sporting performance of your chosen athlete, you can provide them with feedback. Do this with tutor support for the Pass or independently to achieve the Merit.Firstly, identify:StrengthsAreas for improvementThen, for each of the 3 components you analysed create a target & goal to improve a weakness.SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, timebound) TargetsGoals (short-, medium- and long-term)Then provide recommendations on how they could achieve the goals & targets:For example: skills trainingtraining for specific components of fitnesstechnique coaching specific to movementpsychological training (concentration, anxiety and arousal control)
22 Component of Performance: StrengthWeaknessTarget (SMART)S -M -A -R -T -Short Term Goal:Medium Term Goal:Long Term Goal:Recommendations :(which methods would you use to improve weaknesses/achieve goals?)
23 Topic 4 - Purpose and resources required for analysing different levels of sporting performance Grading CriteriaGrading CriteriaP5explain the purpose of, & the resources required for, analysis at two different levels of sports performance.
24 Olympic/world-class athlete/professional Levels of PerformanceOlympic/world-class athlete/professionalAim is to reach the very peak of excellenceCounty or national standardAim to improve standard throughcoaching, competition & trainingSaturday league player, out-of-school clubHealth, fitness & social purposesSchool children, beginners, grass rootsLearning & understanding basicmovement skills & establishing apositive attitude to sport & exercise
25 Performance assessment PurposesReasons for Sports AnalysisPerformance assessmentAssessing athletes in competition vs training allows coaches to see what effect factors such as the crowd, pressure of a game etc have on performance. It also highlights an athletes ability to apply tactics & managers instructions.Assessment of health & fitness statusThis will highlight any areas that need addressing, i.e. Increased body fat composition would indicate a need to lose weight.Talent identificationThis could be initial ability, establishing level of talent or scouting for new players or evaluating opponents in preparation for a match.Monitoring current fitness levelsMonitors current training methods to ensure improvements are being seen. This will also identify any failings to progress.Identification of strengths &areas for improvementThis may include simply aiming to increase enjoyment levels to formulating goals & targets to improve weaknesses.Recovery after injuryThis may be to monitor progress against expected timescales or to check an athlete is at their pre-injury level of fitnessGoal settingIt is only after analysing sports performance that goals can be set in order to improve weaknesses. These should be SMART in order to increase motivation.Squad selectionBy monitoring performance of individuals in training it enables a more in depth analysis & thorough squad selection.
26 ResourcesReasons for Sports AnalysisEquipment – this could be second hand, as old as when the club was set up or brand new designed with the latest technology. Again this comes down to money.Fiscal – this will depend on how much money is available to the club/athletes. How do they fund their sport?Time – analysis can be very time consuming. Collecting data, analysing & interpreting it, then feeding it back is a long process. How much time available will dictate whether the team are assessed together or whether individuals get one-to-one sessions. Also how much detail can be given in the analysis.Facilities - depending on the level, this could be pen & paper out on the football pitch (making tally’s) or this could be a sports performance science lab. Again money available is the main factor.Human – foundation will have simply teacher & parental support whereas elite will have full time roles for coaching staff, strengths & conditioning, sport scientists, physios, doctors
27 Topic 4 - Purpose and resources required for analysing different levels of sporting performance AssessmentChoose 2 different levels of sport performance. Explain the purpose of, & the resources required for their analysis.