Presentation on theme: "First Aid. Duties of a First Aider. Course Objective “To ensure you leave here with an awareness of the basics of First Aid and improved confidence to."— Presentation transcript:
Duties of a First Aider.
Course Objective “To ensure you leave here with an awareness of the basics of First Aid and improved confidence to help if someone is in need of assistance.
Objectives of First Aid Preserve life. Prevent further injury/condition deteriorating. Promote recovery. Follow the principle of doing no further harm..
Preserve Life D R S A B C D anger. R esponse. Shout for help!! A irway. B reathing. C irculation Control bleeding..
A First Aider Should Stay calm. Take charge. Ensure safety-self and casualty. Reassure and listen to the casualty. Make good use of bystanders..
Airway Clear and Open
Breathing Look listen and feel for a maximum of 10 seconds for normal breathing..
Circulation If normal breathing is present circulation is also present. Check for and control major bleeding
The Recovery Position Used for an unconscious casualty who is breathing. It:- –Prevents the tongue from blocking the throat. –Aids drainage
Passing on Information Should include:- –Casualties name-address. –History of what has happened. –Description of injuries. –Unusual behaviour. –Treatments given. –Record of breathing, pulse and level of consciousness..
Basic Life Support Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (C.P.R)
100 - 120 Per minute. 5 cm. 30 Compressions 2 Ventilations. Note, if done 100% correctly this only provides a maximum of 30% normal cardiac output..
Final Thoughts If you start C.P.R the patient may, or may not, be successfully resuscitated. If you do not start their chance of survival will diminish by 20% per minute. Don’t let your C.P.R skills get rusty-a friends life may depend on them..
Assessing the Level of Consciousness A- V- P- U- ALERT VOICE PAIN UNRESPONSIVE
Bleeding External. – ArterialBright red and spurts. – VenousDark red and can pool. – CapillaryOozing. Internal. – Possibly bruising-not always visible. – Suspect when the signs and symptoms of shock develop..
Types of Wound A G C L I P Abrasion. Gunshot. Contusion. Laceration. Incision. Puncture..
Arresting External Bleeding A.B.C’s. Sit casualty down. Quickly examine the wound-gloves!. Apply direct pressure and elevate. Apply a sterile dressing-max of two. Rest and reassure. Treat for shock..
Pressure Points A site where an artery crosses a bone. Used if direct pressure does not control the bleeding. Apply pressure for a maximum of 10 minutes before slowly releasing..