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Respiratory Adaptations to Long Term Training

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Presentation on theme: "Respiratory Adaptations to Long Term Training"— Presentation transcript:

1 Respiratory Adaptations to Long Term Training
Respiratory system: increased vital capacity; increase in minute ventilation; increased strength of respiratory muscles; increase in oxygen diffusion rate

2 Increased lung ventilation & small increase in lung volumes
Respiratory Adaptation Just as there are cardiovascular adaptations to AEROBIC training there are also respiratory adaptations. These include: Increased lung ventilation & small increase in lung volumes Increased oxygen uptake Increased anaerobic or lactate threshold

3 Respiratory Adaptation
Increased Lung Ventilation (minute ventilation VE): Aerobic training results in a more efficient and improved lung ventilation. At REST and during SUB MAX work VE may be decreased due to improved oxygen extraction (pulmonary diffusion). However during MAX work VE is increased because of increased tidal volume, vital capacity and respiratory frequency. This is in part due to the increased strength of respiratory muscles such as: Diaphragm Inter costal muscles Rhomboids Sternocleidomastoids

4 Respiratory Adaptation
Increased Maximum Oxygen Uptake (VO2 MAX) VO2 MAX is improved as a result of aerobic training – it can be improved between 5 to 30 %. Improvements are a result of: -Increases in cardiac output -Increased Red blood cell numbers - Increased muscle and alveoli capillarisation - Increased gaseous exchange - More O2 coming in and being used - More CO2 leaving the blood and the body - Greater oxygen extraction by muscles

5 Respiratory Adaptation Increased Anaerobic or Lactate Threshold
As a result of improved O2 delivery & utilisation a higher lactate threshold (the point where O2 supply cannot keep up with O2 demand) is developed. Much higher exercise intensities can therefore be reached and LA (lactic acid) and H+ ion accumulation is delayed. The athlete can work harder for longer

6 Respiratory Adaptation – Anaerobic Exercise
Very few adaptations occur As this type of training utilises anaerobic systems. Respiratory system is predominately concerned with the aerobic system

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