Presentation on theme: "Objectives Recognize the role of NIMS Identify the Components of NIMS"— Presentation transcript:
1National Incident Management System (NIMS) & Incident Command System (ICS)
2Objectives Recognize the role of NIMS Identify the Components of NIMS Understand its applicability to all jurisdictionsComprehend how volunteers integrate with typical responders via NIMS.
3What is NIMS? The name of your mother-in-law’s cat? The name of a new Russian spaceship?
4Really…What is NIMS (and ICS)? NIMS = National Incident Management SystemICS = Incident Command SystemICS is the jelly of the NIMS donut
5What is the National Incident Management System (NIMS)? Lesson 1:What is the National Incident Management System (NIMS)?Overview, Compliance, Concepts & Principles
6NIMS Comprehensive, National Approach Applicable to all jurisdictional levelsWorks across functional disciplinesApplicable to full spectrum of events (regardless of size or complexity)Improves coordination and cooperation b/w public & private entities
8NIMS Components Command & Management Preparedness Resource Management Communications and Information ManagementSupporting technologiesEach of these will be described in detail later on…
9Command & Management Incident Command System (ICS) ICS: Defines the operating characteristics, management components, and structure of incident management organizations throughout the life cycle of an incidentMCS: defines the operating characteristics, management components, and organizational structure of supporting entitiesPIS: includes the processes, procedures, and systems for communicating timely and accurate information to the public during emergency situations.Incident Command System (ICS)Emergency Operations CenterPublic Information System
10Resource Management Inventorying during event Mobilizing during event Dispatching during eventTracking during eventRecovering resources after event ends (Demobilizing)
11Command and Management Under NIMS Lesson 2 & 3:Command and Management Under NIMS
12NIMS – Levels of Management Incident Command System (ICS)A standard, on-scene, all-hazard incident management systemAllows users to adopt an integrated organizational structure to match the needs of single or multiple incidents (aka Flexible)Based on 30 years of best practicesNational Standard for scene responseEmergency Operations Center (EOC)Central site for large disaster managementCombo of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications integrated into a common framework for coordinating and supporting incident managementLevels depend on nature of incident…MACS will be discussed later…
13Incident Command System (ICS) Interdisciplinary and organizationally FLEXIBLEMeets the needs of incidents of any kind, size, or complexity (EXPANDABLE)Provides responders with what they need, when they need itProvides a safe, efficient, and cost-effective response and recovery strategy
14ICS Features Common Terminology Organizational resources Management span of controlOrganizational facilitiesUse of ICS position titlesReliance on an Incident Action PlanIntegrated communicationsAccountability
15ICS – Common Terminology & Organizational Resources Analogy – What is a truck?Efficient, clear communication is criticalUse of standard titles for facilities and positions within the organizationNo agency-specific codes or jargonAll personnel, facilities, and major equipment are assigned common designationsResources are “typed” with respect to capability to help avoid confusion and enhance interoperabilityMore on this later…
16ICS – Span of ControlEffective span of control may vary from 3 to 7 per supervisor5 reporting elements (people or equipment) is recommendedExpansion or consolidation may be required if span of control is exceeded
17ICS – Organizational Facilities Common terminology is used to define facilitiesEx: Incident Commander at the Incident Command PostStaging Areas, Bases, Camps, etc. are various levels
18ICS – Position Titles Forget the day-to-day titles!!! All positions have distinct titlesIncident Commander (only one)Command Staff Officer (PIO, Liaison, Safety)Section Chiefs (Operations, Logistics, Planning, Finance, and Administration)Branch DirectorsDivision SupervisorsUnit LeadersSubdivisions based on need…So what would Mary Jo be called during an emergency?What would Brenda W. be called during an emergency?Forget the day-to-day titles!!!
20Questions….The PIO advises the incident command on all public information matters related to the management of the incident including what?….rumors that are circulating, reporting by local media, warnings and emergency public informationThe PIO establishes and uses a what? Answer: Joint Information CenterT/F; The JIS coordinates public information at all levels in support of an incident….TRUE
21What happens if there are… Multiple concurrent incidentsIncidents that are nonsite-specific (bioterrorism)Incidents that are geographically dispersed (pandemic)Incidents that evolve over time
23Area CommandSimilar to large scale bioterrorism attack
24Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Example of Multiagency Coordination SystemLocations where coordination of information and resources to support incident take placeCan be established at local, state, and federal levelsIncludes coordination, communications, resource tracking/dispatching, and information collection, analysis, and disseminationSize, staff, and available equipment in EOC may different depending on jurisdictional sizeMake resource allocation decisions based on incident management priorities
26Quick Review – PIO Under ICS, the PIO is a member of the command staff The PIO advises the IC on public information matters, including:media and public inquiriesEmergency public information & warningsRumor monitoring & controlPIO establishes and operates within the protocols & parameters established by the Joint Information System (JIS)
27Joint Information Center (JIC) Physical location where PIOs meetMay need to be virtual in a PH EmergencyPlace to exercise the JIS (rules and regulations)Both of these are questions…
29What is Preparedness? Critical stage of emergency management Involves all actions required to establish and sustain the level of capability necessary to execute a wide range of emergency operationsImplemented thru a continual cycle of planning, training, equipping, exercising and evaluatingResponsibility of individual jurisdictionsNIMS helps
30NIMS Integration Center Facilitate the development and dissemination of national standards, guidelines, and protocols for incident management trainingFacilitate the use of modeling and simulation in training and exercise programsDefine general training requirements and approved training course for all NIMS usersReview and approval of discipline-specific training requirements and coursesTo assist jurisdictions in meeting training and exercise needs, the NIMS integration center will…?
31Mutual Aid Agreements Non-government organizations (NGOs) Local government jurisdictions – HealthLocal government jurisdictions – Other respondersPrivate businesses (Budweiser, POD sites)Ultimately facilitate the timely delivery of assistance during incidents
33Resource Mgmt – Primary Tasks Establishing systems for describing, inventorying, requesting, and tracking resourcesActivating those systems prior to, during, and after an incidentDispatching resources prior to, during, and after an incidentDeactivating or recalling resources during or after an incidentNIMS provides a uniform method for these tasks
34Communications, Information Management, and Supporting Technology Lesson 7Communications, Information Management, and Supporting Technology
35Communication and Technology Common operating pictureNIMS will leverage science and technology to improve capabilities at a lower costINTEROPERABILITY & COMPATABILITYTechnology supportTechnology standardsBroad-based requirementsStrategic Planning and R&DMEDS/POD, Surge Trailers, Phones, etc.Find ways to improve communications at EOCs via INTEROPERABILITY standardsInteroperability & Compatibility – Systems must be able to work togetherTechnology support – All organizations using NIMS will be able to enhance all aspects of incident management and emergency responseTechnology standards – National standards will facilitate interoperability and compatibility of major systemsBroad-based requirements – NIMS provides a mechanism for aggregating and prioritizing new technologies, procedures, protocols, and standardsStrategic planning and R&D: NIMS integration center will coordinate with DHS to create a national R&D agenda
37Interoperability & Compatibility Command and ManagementPreparednessResource ManagementCommunications and Information ManagementSupporting TechnologiesVarious concepts/categories of NIMS…..remember NIMS is flexible and standardized at the same timeCommand – ICS system and multi-agency coordination systemsManagement – standard ICS features and terminology, common terminology, organizational resources, span of control, organizational facilities, use of position titles, reliance on an Incident Action Plan, Integrated communications, accountabilityREVIEW SUMMARY PACKET.
38Sample Questions IS-100 Introduction to Incident Command System, I-100 IS-700 National Incident Management System (NIMS), An Introduction
39IS-100A basic ICS principle is that the first Incident Commander is responsible until thea. Event or incident has demobilized.b. Five management functions are activated.c. Next operational period has begun.d. Authority is delegated to another person.
40IS-100The ability to communicate within ICS is absolutely critical. To ensure efficient, clear communication, ICS requires the use of:a. Agency-specific codes.b. Radio codes.c. Common terminology.d. Technical language.
41IS-100Which General Staff position conducts tactical operations, develops the tactical objectives and organization, and directs all tactical resources?a. Operations Section Chiefb. Finance/Administration Section Chiefc. Logistics Section Chiefd. Planning Section Chief
42IS-100Which Command Staff position monitors safety conditions and develops measures for assuring the safety of all assigned personnel?a. Public Information Officerb. Safety Officerc. Liaison Officerd. Resource Officer
43IS-100Which incident facility is positioned outside of the present and potential hazard area, but close enough to the incident to maintain command?a. Incident Command Postb. Command Centerc. Operations Stationd. Staging Area
44IS-700 One of the chief benefits of NIMS is that it is: a. Accompanied by Federal funding.b. Applicable across jurisdictions and functions.c. Based on an entirely new concept of response.
45IS-700Public health emergencies that are not site specific are a good use for a(n):a. Emergency Operations Center (EOC).b. Area Command.c. Multiagency Coordination System.d. Unified Command.
46IS-700When a Joint Information Center is established as part of a Unified Command, agencies or organizations contributing to joint public information management:a. Work independently.b. Clear all information with the Incident Commander.c. Retain their organizational independence.d. Report to the chief elected official.
47IS-700One responsibility of preparedness organizations at all levels is to:a. Specify response requirements for every type of incident.b. Determine the role and responsibilities of Incident Commanders.c. Delegate preparedness to responsible agencies.d. Establish guidelines and protocols for resource management.
48IS-700 One area of focus for the NIMS Integration Center is to: a. Track all resources on a regional basis.b. Ensure compliance with all NIMS requirements.c. Facilitate the definition of general training requirements and approved courses.d. Maintain a database of personnel meeting credentialing requirements.
49IS-700NIMS ensures that all personnel possess a minimum level of training, experience, fitness, capability, and currency by:a. Maintaining a database of personnel who have been trained for specific positions.b. Providing training to personnel who will be assigned to Command Staff positions.c. Overseeing a national training and exercise program.d. Establishing certification and credentialing standards for key personnel.