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National Incident Management System (NIMS) & Incident Command System (ICS)

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Presentation on theme: "National Incident Management System (NIMS) & Incident Command System (ICS)"— Presentation transcript:

1 National Incident Management System (NIMS) & Incident Command System (ICS)

2 Objectives Recognize the role of NIMS Identify the Components of NIMS Understand its applicability to all jurisdictions Comprehend how volunteers integrate with typical responders via NIMS.

3 What is NIMS? The name of your mother-in-laws cat? The name of a new Russian spaceship?

4 Really…What is NIMS (and ICS)? NIMS = National Incident Management System ICS = Incident Command System ICS is the jelly of the NIMS donut

5 Lesson 1: What is the National Incident Management System (NIMS)?

6 NIMS Comprehensive, National Approach Applicable to all jurisdictional levels Works across functional disciplines Applicable to full spectrum of events (regardless of size or complexity) Improves coordination and cooperation b/w public & private entities

7 INTEROPERABILITY & COMPATIBILITY

8 NIMS Components Command & Management Preparedness Resource Management Communications and Information Management Supporting technologies

9 Command & Management Incident Command System (ICS) Emergency Operations Center Public Information System

10 Resource Management Inventorying during event Mobilizing during event Dispatching during event Tracking during event Recovering resources after event ends (Demobilizing)

11 Lesson 2 & 3: Command and Management Under NIMS

12 NIMS – Levels of Management Incident Command System (ICS) A standard, on-scene, all-hazard incident management system A standard, on-scene, all-hazard incident management system Allows users to adopt an integrated organizational structure to match the needs of single or multiple incidents (aka Flexible) Allows users to adopt an integrated organizational structure to match the needs of single or multiple incidents (aka Flexible) Based on 30 years of best practices Based on 30 years of best practices National Standard for scene response National Standard for scene response Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Central site for large disaster management Central site for large disaster management Combo of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications integrated into a common framework for coordinating and supporting incident management Combo of facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications integrated into a common framework for coordinating and supporting incident management

13 Incident Command System (ICS) Interdisciplinary and organizationally FLEXIBLE Meets the needs of incidents of any kind, size, or complexity (EXPANDABLE) Provides responders with what they need, when they need it Provides a safe, efficient, and cost- effective response and recovery strategy

14 ICS Features Common Terminology Organizational resources Management span of control Organizational facilities Use of ICS position titles Reliance on an Incident Action Plan Integrated communications Accountability

15 ICS – Common Terminology & Organizational Resources Analogy – What is a truck? Efficient, clear communication is critical Use of standard titles for facilities and positions within the organization No agency-specific codes or jargon All personnel, facilities, and major equipment are assigned common designations Resources are typed with respect to capability to help avoid confusion and enhance interoperability

16 ICS – Span of Control Effective span of control may vary from 3 to 7 per supervisor 5 reporting elements (people or equipment) is recommended Expansion or consolidation may be required if span of control is exceeded

17 ICS – Organizational Facilities Common terminology is used to define facilities Ex: Incident Commander at the Incident Command Post Staging Areas, Bases, Camps, etc. are various levels

18 ICS – Position Titles All positions have distinct titles Incident Commander (only one) Command Staff Officer (PIO, Liaison, Safety) Section Chiefs (Operations, Logistics, Planning, Finance, and Administration) Branch Directors Division Supervisors Unit Leaders Forget the day-to-day titles!!!

19 Incident Commander Logistics Chief Medical Operations Chief Triage Medical Dispensing & Screening Medical Logistics Coordinator Disease Surveillance & Monitoring Finance/ Administrative ChiefPlanning Chief Liaison Public Information Officer Safety Officer

20 Questions….

21 What happens if there are… Multiple concurrent incidents Incidents that are nonsite-specific (bioterrorism) Incidents that are geographically dispersed (pandemic) Incidents that evolve over time

22 Unified Command (Representatives from Local Jurisdictions) OperationsPlanningLogistics

23 Area Command ICP 1 Operation s LogisticsPlanning ICP 2ICP 3

24 Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Example of Multiagency Coordination System Locations where coordination of information and resources to support incident take place Can be established at local, state, and federal levels Includes coordination, communications, resource tracking/dispatching, and information collection, analysis, and dissemination Size, staff, and available equipment in EOC may different depending on jurisdictional size Make resource allocation decisions based on incident management priorities

25 Lesson 4: Public Information

26 Quick Review – PIO Under ICS, the PIO is a member of the command staff The PIO advises the IC on public information matters, including: media and public inquiries media and public inquiries Emergency public information & warnings Emergency public information & warnings Rumor monitoring & control Rumor monitoring & control PIO establishes and operates within the protocols & parameters established by the Joint Information System (JIS)

27 Joint Information Center (JIC) Physical location where PIOs meet May need to be virtual in a PH Emergency Place to exercise the JIS (rules and regulations)

28 Lesson 5: Preparedness

29 What is Preparedness? Critical stage of emergency management Involves all actions required to establish and sustain the level of capability necessary to execute a wide range of emergency operations Implemented thru a continual cycle of planning, training, equipping, exercising and evaluating Responsibility of individual jurisdictions NIMS helps

30 NIMS Integration Center Facilitate the development and dissemination of national standards, guidelines, and protocols for incident management training Facilitate the use of modeling and simulation in training and exercise programs Define general training requirements and approved training course for all NIMS users Review and approval of discipline-specific training requirements and courses

31 Mutual Aid Agreements Non-government organizations (NGOs) Local government jurisdictions – Health Local government jurisdictions – Other responders Private businesses (Budweiser, POD sites) Ultimately facilitate the timely delivery of assistance during incidents

32 Lesson 6: Resource Management

33 Resource Mgmt – Primary Tasks Establishing systems for describing, inventorying, requesting, and tracking resources Activating those systems prior to, during, and after an incident Dispatching resources prior to, during, and after an incident Deactivating or recalling resources during or after an incident NIMS provides a uniform method for these tasks

34 Lesson 7 Communications, Information Management, and Supporting Technology

35 Communication and Technology Common operating picture NIMS will leverage science and technology to improve capabilities at a lower cost INTEROPERABILITY & COMPATABILITY INTEROPERABILITY & COMPATABILITY Technology support Technology support Technology standards Technology standards Broad-based requirements Broad-based requirements Strategic Planning and R&D Strategic Planning and R&D MEDS/POD, Surge Trailers, Phones, etc. Find ways to improve communications at EOCs via INTEROPERABILITY standards

36 Lesson 8: Course Summary

37 Interoperability & Compatibility Command and Management Preparedness Resource Management Communications and Information Management Supporting Technologies

38 Sample Questions IS-100 Introduction to Incident Command System, I-100 IS-700 National Incident Management System (NIMS), An Introduction

39 IS-100 A basic ICS principle is that the first Incident Commander is responsible until the a. Event or incident has demobilized. a. Event or incident has demobilized. b. Five management functions are activated. b. Five management functions are activated. c. Next operational period has begun. c. Next operational period has begun. d. Authority is delegated to another person. d. Authority is delegated to another person.

40 IS-100 The ability to communicate within ICS is absolutely critical. To ensure efficient, clear communication, ICS requires the use of: a. Agency-specific codes. a. Agency-specific codes. b. Radio codes. b. Radio codes. c. Common terminology. c. Common terminology. d. Technical language. d. Technical language.

41 IS-100 Which General Staff position conducts tactical operations, develops the tactical objectives and organization, and directs all tactical resources? a. Operations Section Chief a. Operations Section Chief b. Finance/Administration Section Chief b. Finance/Administration Section Chief c. Logistics Section Chief c. Logistics Section Chief d. Planning Section Chief d. Planning Section Chief

42 IS-100 Which Command Staff position monitors safety conditions and develops measures for assuring the safety of all assigned personnel? a. Public Information Officer a. Public Information Officer b. Safety Officer b. Safety Officer c. Liaison Officer c. Liaison Officer d. Resource Officer d. Resource Officer

43 IS-100 Which incident facility is positioned outside of the present and potential hazard area, but close enough to the incident to maintain command? a. Incident Command Post a. Incident Command Post b. Command Center b. Command Center c. Operations Station c. Operations Station d. Staging Area d. Staging Area

44 IS-700 One of the chief benefits of NIMS is that it is: a. Accompanied by Federal funding. b. Applicable across jurisdictions and functions. c. Based on an entirely new concept of response.

45 IS-700 Public health emergencies that are not site specific are a good use for a(n): a. Emergency Operations Center (EOC). b. Area Command. c. Multiagency Coordination System. d. Unified Command.

46 IS-700 When a Joint Information Center is established as part of a Unified Command, agencies or organizations contributing to joint public information management: a. Work independently. b. Clear all information with the Incident Commander. c. Retain their organizational independence. d. Report to the chief elected official.

47 IS-700 One responsibility of preparedness organizations at all levels is to: a. Specify response requirements for every type of incident. b. Determine the role and responsibilities of Incident Commanders. c. Delegate preparedness to responsible agencies. d. Establish guidelines and protocols for resource management.

48 IS-700 One area of focus for the NIMS Integration Center is to: a. Track all resources on a regional basis. b. Ensure compliance with all NIMS requirements. c. Facilitate the definition of general training requirements and approved courses. d. Maintain a database of personnel meeting credentialing requirements.

49 IS-700 NIMS ensures that all personnel possess a minimum level of training, experience,fitness, capability, and currency by: a. Maintaining a database of personnel who have been trained for specific positions. b. Providing training to personnel who will be assigned to Command Staff positions. c. Overseeing a national training and exercise program. d. Establishing certification and credentialing standards for key personnel.

50 Now What Do I Do?

51 Easy Button Go to Training link IS-100 Introduction to Incident Command System IS-700 National Incident Management System (NIMS), An Introduction

52 Take Test. FEMA s you the Certificate You forward to Charlie Bryan at Print off you own copy for your records. IT IS THAT EASY.


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