Presentation on theme: "How did Britain become more democratic?. Democracy Bingo Constituency Socialism Radicalism Suffrage Franchise Ballot House of Lords Rotten."— Presentation transcript:
How did Britain become more democratic?
Democracy Bingo Constituency Socialism Radicalism Suffrage Franchise Ballot House of Lords Rotten Borough Pocket Borough Parliament William Gladstone 1.Draw a grid with 6 squares 2.Pick 6 words 3.Listen to the definitions 4.First to Full House gets a prize!
Gladstone fought for extension of the franchise But clashed with Lord Palmerston in 1864 when Gladstone was Chancellor of Exchequer and Palmerston was PM. Is there any doubt that the people living in the countryside are capable citizens, qualified for the vote and able to make good use of their power as voter? 1884
Lord Palmerston (starter): "Hi! Gladstone! Democracy! Too soon, Too soon! You mustn't go yet!" John Tenniel, Punch Magazine, 28th May, 1864 John TennielPunch Magazine
William Gladstone: "Permit me to explain democracy." Lord Palmerston: "Oh, bother your explanation! You've blown your horse, and you are out of the race." John Tenniel, Punch Magazine, 11th June, 1864 John TennielPunch Magazine
What was the proposal? 1866 attempts?
Voters: Electorate increased by 1, 120,000. Now stands at 2.5 million. Constituencies: many disenfranchised 52 seats redistributed, 25 went to counties, 19 to the boroughs, one to London university and 2 to Scottish universities, 5 to Scotland The Second Reform Act, 1867
The Second Reform Act, 1867 –Failures Did not alter the balance of political power – middle class in boroughs and counties and aristocracy still retained the vote. Electorate still largely remained the same but had greatly benefitted the newer towns. Parties had to develop national organisations as boroughs increased voters therefore needed a different approach to campaigning. Less independent MPs standing for election.
To make a country democratic, it is not enough to just widen the franchise – the RIGHT TO VOTE is not the only feature of a democratic country. The system must be fairer and more representative: ACCOUNTABILITY TO VOTERS OPPORTUNITY TO BE AN MP FAIRNESS ACCESS TO INFORMATION CHOICE
Representation – 3 rd Reform Act The Representation of the People Act 1884 1.P9 How much did the electorate increase to as a result of the Representation of the People Act? 2.Who could now vote that couldn’t before? 3.In what way did they make town and city dwellers more equal? 4.P10 What were the limitations of this Act? HISTORIOGRAPHY – FOR and AGAINST 1884 P9 Read the historians’ view and summarise the main points of Smout, Cole and Thomson.
They were UNELECTED They had POWER to BLOCK, VETO proposals (bills) for new laws. They often blocked bills to make the country more democratic! 1.P13 What was the original purpose of the House of Lords? 2.Why was their position questioned? 3.Describe the events which triggered the Parliament Act of 1911. 4.What were the terms of this bill? 5.How did they get the House of Lords to agree to the changes? House of Lords
Issue 2 How did Britain become more democratic?
Local landowners could not dominate politics anymore so had to work on their powers of PERSUASION. Describe the 2 methods they developed to organise the party better. (p16) PRIMROSE LEAGUE est. 1883 – Conservative principles NATIONAL LIBERAL FEDERATION est. 1887 – Union of Welsh and English Liberals CONSERVATIVE CENTRAL OFFICEest. 1870 – Conservative Party PARTY ORGANISATION
This is important because for most of the 19 th century MPs were unpaid and had to own land. The issue of payment for MPs never arose as a result. 1911 Parliament Act gave a salary of £400 for MPs to allow ordinary people greater access to the political process. Opportunity to be an MP
The secret ballot act and extension of the franchise had excited a population eager for news and information. Railways helped the speed and delivery of information. Newspapers spread across the nation and politicians used trains as transport between constituencies to give speeches and lead rallies. Access to information
Britain had a 2 party system until the establishment of the Labour Party. The growth of the Labour Party. CHOICE OF POLITICAL PARTIES
Why could Britain not be called democratic in 1850? Vote not universal, most men and all women were excluded. Votes were cast publicly. Voters were intimidated or bribed. Rotten boroughs Some large constituencies had no MP 5 out of 6 males still could not vote. MP’s were unpaid. MP’s had to be landowners. House of Lords had power to veto any new bill.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_4CHsWMV3Es&li st=PL0BFE1170FE97E375 Gladstone and Disraeli Clash of the Titans http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_4CHsWMV3Es&li st=PL0BFE1170FE97E375
USA essay plan/mind map To what extent was the formation of effective black organisations, the main reason for the development of a Civil Rights Campaign after 1945? Homework – yellow jotters
Historical debate: why was it introduced Whigs: due to economic and social change and popular pressure Socialist: popular agitation e.g. campaign in 1866 and Hyde Park riot Tories: Party competition, neither Disraeli or Gladstone were interested in creating a democratic system rather they were outplaying each other