Presentation on theme: "Child Protection Training"— Presentation transcript:
1Child Protection Training The Designated Child Protection Teacher
2The BIG PictureReduction in child deaths nationally since national training began200 cases a year referred by schools in Ealing . Don’t know what we don’t know. NSPCC data ,1 in 9 ?School staff, teaching and non-teaching, uniquely placed to spot possible abuse.SEN,LAC, FSM, EAL, CiN,Likely to come across cases in course of professional life
3Legal FrameworkSchool’s duty is to refer cases where investigation may be needed. Only social services and police can investigate . Education must co-operate.Children Act 1989 and and Every Child Matters“Working Together “DFES circular Safeguarding and safer recruitment Key Guidance.Separate C P section in all school Ofsted reports …..and a limiting judgement
4Key Tasks for SchoolsA child Protection policy and procedure, reviewed annually.( model policy at teachernet )A designated child protection teacherSafe recruitment procedures. National training for heads and governors.Training for designated teacher( every 2 years),whole school (every 3 years)and Governing Body.Curriculum, listening culture,recording systems.
5Key Role of Designated Teacher The back of the wardrobeWhere everybody knows your namemap readingKnowing me ,knowing you, ah ha!
6Thresholds Section 47 of the Children Act Is it a CiN or is it SAFE ? Time for a CAFEaling’s Guidance document
7What is child abuseMost things are not, but how to distinguish normal marks,behaviour changes,and children in need from the early signs of abuse?Children Act identifies significant harm in 4 areas .They may overlap.Physical ,sexual, emotional, and neglect.Role of ethnicity,culture,social class,personal experience
8Issues. Parents rights. Social ambivalence. Never did me any harm Sexual pre-occupationDrip feed ,testing out, listening,example of other children.CHILD’S WELFARE PARAMOUNT IS THE FIRST PRINCIPLE OF THE CHILDREN ACT
9Signs and SymptomsTrust gut feelings, get the wider picture, always consult.Sexual abuse:disclosures,age inappropriate sexual knowledgeNeglect: hungry, wrong clothing,smelly.Emotional: scapegoating,”low warmth high criticism”. Frozen child.Physical: frequency,vulnerable areas of the body,marks?, changing/different explanations,adults state of mind drunk or drug abusing.Disclosures. Leading or Clarifying ?
10Why Can Concerns be Missed Child may be intimidated, loyal, not know any different.Adults may worry about mistakes,parents rights.Identify with the stress .Making it worse,Breaking up families (less that 1% of children referred are removed from home )Reprisals. Legal security,physical safety,Too understanding!
11Causes and their Treatment Causes. Stress ,family psychology, dangerous people.Treatment.Reduce stress with support and monitoringSkilled psychological treatment of family dynamicsLock up and treat dangerous offenders
12OutcomesOutcome. Very good. Almost all children get an effective support package and come off the child protection register. Less that 1 % removed from home.Adults who were ill treated report that help was effective.
13TrainingRequirements for training set out in DCSF guidance , and ofsted inspectedResourcs ECSB multi agency brochure,Schools service training brochure,commercial offers
14Policy Dcsf and Ofsted requirement to have a policy . Content of a policy at appendix 3 of ofsted inspection guidance ( Sept 09 )Model Policy on Teachernet
15ParentsSecond Principle of the children act is “work co-operatively with parents”Tell the parent about the referral unless it puts the child at risk.Decide with the social worker on who will say what and when to the parent.School has to talk to parent at some stage as usually a relationship will continue. A task for senior management.
16DisclosuresSchool is one of the few if only place where pupils can disclose harmA listening culture and multiple avenues for disclosure are neededStaff may be tested with minor issuesInformation may be released in “installments “Confidentiality cannot be promised, even if the incident was in the pastRecord and discuss with designated teacher asap
17ConfidentialityNo promise but a commitment to involve child in all that happensExplain the need to protect the pupilAge appropriate discussionOver emphasise and child may not disclose.Staff may feel uncomfortableIn high school other pupils will be influenced to disclose or not by experience of peers
18Recording A separate cp file and a separate legal status Contains all papers …from a note of a teacher’s concern to conference minutesIndex at front of file, all papers in date orderKeep securely and a system to ensure other staff know of the file when needed.LAC , SEN, files to be up to date
19Recording continuedWhen a child leaves a school either at normal transition date or in year the designated teacher must ensure that a copy of any child protection file is passed onto the designated teacher at the child’s new schooFiles may contain notes of any review of the pupils progress undertaken at school .lFiles should include a note on which staff are told about a pupil’s case and why and any role they are to take in the response to the concern.
20From suspicion ,to concern ,to referral ,to plan . Listening to staff.Reaching out to staff. Where everyone knows your name.Role of Designated teaRecordingGetting the wider picture.Organising informationChild protection advisers
21From suspicion ,to concern ,to referral ,to plan. Who are you going to call. Call centre and social workersReferral formCase conference . Report form.Core groups . A multi-agency planReviewsTrouble Shooting
22Sex and Drugs and Rock an Roll Allegations against staffPrivate fosteringFemale Genital MutilationDomestic ViolenceDrug misuseForced MarriageSexual exploitationTeenage PregnancyInternet