Presentation on theme: "The Twentieth Century Military Sites of Wales Project"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Twentieth Century Military Sites of Wales Project Jonathan BerryAssistant Inspector of Ancient MonumentsCadw
2 IntroductionBriefly explain the character of C20 military activity in Wales – dispel a few myths!Describe the key developments in the study of this subject in WalesProvide an overview of Cadw’s activities
22 Outreach Written to: Raise awareness and inform Support designation workAimed at:Owners & occupiersLandownersGeneral public
23 Outreach Introduces the range of military sites in Wales Describes the factors affecting their survivalExplains simple conservation actionsStatement of policy and best practice
24 Our military heritage is important Defence is a re-occurring theme in Welsh history = continuityDramatic effect of warfare on landscapeChanging defensive strategiesImpact of new technologiesSome relate to crucial historic episodesAll tell story of profound changes in warfare & impact on Welsh communities
25 Cultural value Remains possess key cultural significance: Social history, including women’s historyWomen’s Land Army / Women’s Timber CorpsRoyal Ordnance FactoriesImpact on art and literature:War artistsWelsh war poetsRemembrance and commemorationProtest / archaeology of oppositionEducational potential
26 ThreatsMany defence works were cleared during and after the Second World WarMany structures were only intended as temporary emergency works designed to last the durationRegrettably, first hand accounts are fading as memory becomes historyThere is a highly fragmentary rate of site survival, that is under threat from...
27 Threats Climate change & our responses to it Forestry / agricultural regimesNeglect & vandalism - graffiti, fly-tippingLack of maintenanceStructural problems - spalling, collapseInsensitive development and tourismLack of understanding / ignoranceBeautifying eyesoresTreasure hunting / uncontrolled recovery
31 Research and recording Increasingly common from 1990s onwards:Complex sites - archives, fieldwork and aerial photographsDefence of Britain projectData on RCAHMW’s NMRW and the Welsh Archaeological Trusts’ HERsTwentieth Century Military Sites Working Group - ongoing
33 Protection A number of ways to protect these sites: Cadw’s review of defence heritage and statutory protection for the best examplesAdvice through planning guidanceLocal authority Conservation AreasWAG’s agri-environmental schemesInform owners / occupiers of historic significance and educational potential
35 ConservationGroups have started to conserve these important remains for enjoyment, education and community involvement:Lavernock Point Battery, GlamorganCarew Cheriton Control Tower, PembsMumbles Hill HAA Battery, SwanseaHolyhead Maritime Museum, AngleseyRhydymwyn Visitor Centre, Flint
37 Conservation 6 conservation principles Principles will inform Cadw’s approach to management of historic environmentPolicies & Guidance to guide Cadw in applying Principles30th October 2009
38 SummaryOur understanding of these important sites has grown enormously and will continue to do soWales has a great variety of sitesWales was not a backwater – much is of national or international importanceThese sites are vulnerable and at riskThe best examples will receive statutory protection, but further research is needed
39 The Twentieth Century Military Sites of Wales Project Jonathan BerryAssistant Inspector of Ancient MonumentsCadw
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