3 Votes for Women In this unit, we will study the reasons why women got the vote by 1918. 1.The “New Woman”-Pre-War Changes to women’s lives. 2.“The Cause” - Suffrage Movements 3.“The Reward”- Women in World War One
4 Background Before we examine the reasons why women got the vote, we need to understand the position of women in society at the beginning of the twentieth century.
5 Women as ‘second class citizens’ Read pages 27 and 28 of the ‘Britain & Scotland and Germany’ textbook (OR pages 20 and 21 of the ‘Britain and Scotland’ textbook). In what ways were women regarded as ‘second-class citizens’ in the 19 th century?
6 Separate Spheres Men = work, politics, war etc Women = home, family etc
7 Jobs and Wages Middle class women not allowed to work. 25% of working class women worked. Long hours, low wages (generally a third of male wages), did not get promoted. Women got most menial jobs e.g. female live in servant worked 6½ days per week for £17 per year.
8 Education Generally limited to middle class women. Primary education was not made compulsory until 1880, free in 1894. Secondary and university education not deemed as appropriate for women. Women could attend lectures at university but often were barred from exams.
9 Laws Laws portrayed male bias. 1857 Divorce Act – husbands given the right to divorce their wives. Divorce could only be initiated by the husband! In 1884, 2/3rds working class men were given the vote but no women.