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Vocabulary chapter 18, section 1 and 2 Page 528 and words

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Bell Work – write question, answer and explanation

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Presentation on theme: "Vocabulary chapter 18, section 1 and 2 Page 528 and words"— Presentation transcript:

1 Vocabulary chapter 18, section 1 and 2 Page 528 and 540 10 words
Homework Vocabulary chapter 18, section 1 and 2 Page 528 and words

2 Bell Work – write question, answer and explanation 9-24-11
A substance is mixed into a solution. If there is no chemical reaction, what will happen when the liquid is evaporated out of the mixture? The container will be empty The container will have residue of the solid that was originally dissolved The mixture cannot evaporate None of the above

3 Homework Read ch. 18 section 1: Page 528 to 539 Answer questions 1-5 at the end of the section (p 539) GET TEST PAPER SIGNED!!!

4 Bell Work – write question, answer and explanation 9-28-11
Carbonation is mixing a gas into a liquid such as when soda pop drinks are made. Which answer is correct? Explain your answer. This is a chemical change This is a physical change Gas cannot be mixed into a liquid The gas is the solvent and the liquid is the solute of the solution

5 Homework Read chapter 18 section 2: Page 540 to 546 Answer questions 1-5 at the end of the section (p 546) QUIZ TOMORROW

6 Anything that has mass and takes up space. STUFF!
What is Matter? Anything that has mass and takes up space. STUFF!

7 What instrument is used to measure mass?
A balance Scales are used to measure weight.

8 What are some examples of matter?
List some…… What about air, is it matter? Does it have mass?

9 What are the three most common states of matter?
1. solid 2. liquid 3. Gas Lets demonstrate!!!!!!!!! See particle movement for each phase

10 Demonstration Lets create our own Human Molecules Demonstration!!!

11 2 other states of matter…..
Plasma (super excited and super hot atoms) *examples: neon signs, ball lightening, stars Bose Einstein condensate (super unexcited and super cold atoms) See States of Matter

12 The Water Cycle is an example of state changes in nature
Water from Earth evaporates into water vapor Because it heats up Water vapor condenses and forms clouds Because it cools down It can become ice, snow or hail if it cools enough Water precipitates as and it all starts over again!

13 Can you name other state changes we observe?

14 Can you name other state changes we observe?
Chocolate in a hot car melts Solid to liquid Will it become a solid again? Is it still chocolate? Then it is still the same substance so it is a physical change. What about cheese, plastic, popsicles…?

15 The state of matter a substance is at room temperature is a physical property that can be used to identify the substance. What is water at room temperature? What is plastic at room temperature? What is helium at room temperature?

16 What causes the states of matter to change?
ENERGY… Heat added changes a solid to liquid to gas Heat taken away changes gas to liquid to solid

17 What are the changes of matter called?
Solid to liquid…..melting Liquid to solid…..freezing Liquid to gas…..evaporation Gas to liquid….condensation Solid to gas….sublimation

18 What determines how fast the state of matter changes?
Pressure and heat The starting temperature The amount of the substance that undergoes change The amount of heat that is applied to the substance The surface area is another factor that determines how fast a substance will melt or boil.

19 How do we describe matter?
Physical properties Chemical properties

20 Physical properties Properties that do not change the chemical nature of the substance Link

21 Physical Property Description Color, Shape, Length, Mass Volume
Amount of space an object takes up Density D=m/v solubility Ability to Dissolve Boiling point At 1 atmosphere water boils at: 100 oC Fahrenheit K Freezing point 0 oC or 32 Fahrenheit Melting Point Point at which a solid becomes a liquid magnetic

22 Physical Property Description ductility malleability

23 Chromatography Chromatography is a method for separating substances in some mixtures. Different substances of the mixture have different solubility rates. If the substance is very soluble, it moves up the paper quickly. If the substance is less soluble, it creeps along very slowly.

24 Physical Changes Observe some examples.
What about solubility and phase changes?

25 Mixture A mixture is made of two or more substances that come together, but DO NOT CHEMICALLY combine. Homogenous mixtures: are evenly mixed Like tea or Koolaide Heterogeneous mixtures: are unevenly mixed Like a pizza or salad

26 Solution A solution is a mixture in which the different particles are tiny and are mixed completely evenly EXAMPLES: Liquid dissolved in liquid (sugar in water) Liquids dissolved in other liquids (water in alcohol) Gas dissolved in a gas (oxygen dissolved in the nitrogen in the air) Gas dissolved in a liquid (carbonated drink)

27 Soluble The ability to be dissolved.

28 What determines solubility?
The temperature and the amount of the solvent

29 What is the difference between solute and solvent
Solute: The dissolved substance in a solution. ( sugar and tea dissolved in water) Solvent: The dissolving agent in the solution, usually a liquid such as water. ( Water is considered the universal solvent)

30 Precipitate As the solution cools, the solute will fall out of the mixture. How is this similar to weather precipitation?

31 Saturated This is when no more solvent can be dissolved in the solution

32 Chemical Properties Properties that do change the chemical nature of matter.

33 Chemical Property Description Ability to burn
Ability to react with oxygen pH

34 Acids and Bases: pH

35 Chemical Changes Observe some examples of chemical changes
Hints that indicate a chemical change has taken place: change in temperature, color change, giving off gas – bubbles

36 Physical Change Chemical Change

37 Compound Compounds can only be broken down by chemical means
They have a fixed ratio or proportion of atoms An example is water

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