Bell Work – write question, answer and explanation A substance is mixed into a solution. If there is no chemical reaction, what will happen when.
Presentation on theme: "Homework 9-23-11 Vocabulary chapter 18, section 1 and 2 Page 528 and 540 10 words."— Presentation transcript:
Homework 9-23-11 Vocabulary chapter 18, section 1 and 2 Page 528 and 540 10 words
Bell Work – write question, answer and explanation 9-24-11 A substance is mixed into a solution. If there is no chemical reaction, what will happen when the liquid is evaporated out of the mixture? a.The container will be empty b.The container will have residue of the solid that was originally dissolved c.The mixture cannot evaporate d.None of the above
Homework 9-24-11 Read ch. 18 section 1: Page 528 to 539 Answer questions 1-5 at the end of the section (p 539) GET TEST PAPER SIGNED!!!
Bell Work – write question, answer and explanation 9-28-11 Carbonation is mixing a gas into a liquid such as when soda pop drinks are made. Which answer is correct? Explain your answer. a.This is a chemical change b.This is a physical change c.Gas cannot be mixed into a liquid d.The gas is the solvent and the liquid is the solute of the solution
Homework 9-28-11 Read chapter 18 section 2: Page 540 to 546 Answer questions 1-5 at the end of the section (p 546) QUIZ TOMORROW
What is Matter? Anything that has mass and takes up space. STUFF!
What instrument is used to measure mass? A balance Scales are used to measure weight.
What are some examples of matter? List some…… What about air, is it matter? Does it have mass?
What are the three most common states of matter? 1. solid 2. liquid 3. Gas Lets demonstrate!!!!!!!!! See particle movement for each phase
Demonstration Lets create our own Human Molecules Demonstration!!!
2 other states of matter….. Plasma (super excited and super hot atoms) *examples: neon signs, ball lightening, stars Bose Einstein condensate (super unexcited and super cold atoms) See States of Matter
The Water Cycle is an example of state changes in nature Water from Earth evaporates into water vapor – Because it heats up Water vapor condenses and forms clouds – Because it cools down It can become ice, snow or hail if it cools enough Water precipitates as and it all starts over again!
Can you name other state changes we observe?
Chocolate in a hot car melts – Solid to liquid Will it become a solid again? Is it still chocolate? – Then it is still the same substance so it is a physical change. What about cheese, plastic, popsicles…?
The state of matter a substance is at room temperature is a physical property that can be used to identify the substance. What is water at room temperature? What is plastic at room temperature? What is helium at room temperature?
What causes the states of matter to change? ENERGY… Heat added changes a solid to liquid to gas Heat taken away changes gas to liquid to solid
What are the changes of matter called? Solid to liquid…..melting Liquid to solid…..freezing Liquid to gas…..evaporation Gas to liquid….condensation Solid to gas….sublimation
What determines how fast the state of matter changes? Pressure and heat The starting temperature The amount of the substance that undergoes change The amount of heat that is applied to the substance The surface area is another factor that determines how fast a substance will melt or boil.
How do we describe matter? Physical properties Chemical properties
Physical properties Properties that do not change the chemical nature of the substance Link
Physical PropertyDescription Color, Shape, Length, Mass VolumeAmount of space an object takes up DensityD=m/v solubility Ability to Dissolve Boiling point At 1 atmosphere water boils at: 100 o C 212 Fahrenheit 373 K Freezing point0 o C or 32 Fahrenheit Melting PointPoint at which a solid becomes a liquid magnetic
Chromatography Chromatography is a method for separating substances in some mixtures. Different substances of the mixture have different solubility rates. If the substance is very soluble, it moves up the paper quickly. If the substance is less soluble, it creeps along very slowly.
Physical Changes Observe some examples. What about solubility and phase changes?
Mixture A mixture is made of two or more substances that come together, but DO NOT CHEMICALLY combine. Homogenous mixtures: are evenly mixed – Like tea or Koolaide Heterogeneous mixtures: are unevenly mixed – Like a pizza or salad
Solution A solution is a mixture in which the different particles are tiny and are mixed completely evenly EXAMPLES: Liquid dissolved in liquid (sugar in water) Liquids dissolved in other liquids (water in alcohol) Gas dissolved in a gas (oxygen dissolved in the nitrogen in the air) Gas dissolved in a liquid (carbonated drink)
Soluble The ability to be dissolved.
What determines solubility? The temperature and the amount of the solvent
What is the difference between solute and solvent Solute: The dissolved substance in a solution. ( sugar and tea dissolved in water) Solvent: The dissolving agent in the solution, usually a liquid such as water. ( Water is considered the universal solvent)
Precipitate As the solution cools, the solute will fall out of the mixture. How is this similar to weather precipitation?
Saturated This is when no more solvent can be dissolved in the solution
Chemical Properties Properties that do change the chemical nature of matter.
Chemical PropertyDescription Ability to burn Ability to react with oxygen pH
Acids and Bases: pH http://www.composiclean.com/sitebuildercon tent/sitebuilderpictures/phscaleWeb.jpg http://www.composiclean.com/sitebuildercon tent/sitebuilderpictures/phscaleWeb.jpg
Chemical Changes Observe some examples of chemical changes Hints that indicate a chemical change has taken place: change in temperature, color change, giving off gas – bubbles
Physical ChangeChemical Change
Compound Compounds can only be broken down by chemical means They have a fixed ratio or proportion of atoms An example is water