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1 The FACE Annual Conference 2009 1st -3rd July 2009, Staffordshire University Toward a New Agenda for Lifelong Learning: Access, Diversity, and Participation.

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Presentation on theme: "1 The FACE Annual Conference 2009 1st -3rd July 2009, Staffordshire University Toward a New Agenda for Lifelong Learning: Access, Diversity, and Participation."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The FACE Annual Conference st -3rd July 2009, Staffordshire University Toward a New Agenda for Lifelong Learning: Access, Diversity, and Participation

2 2 Jean-Marie FILLOQUE European University of Brittany Vice-rector in charge of Life Long Learning University of Brest President of the French UCE Network France Participation of adults in Higher Education, the French way. Claire SALLIC European University of Brittany Director of Life Long Learning department ADEFOPE University of South Brittany

3 3 Objective To show how French Public HLE institutions try to rise adult participation in ULLL…. From the idea of “social promotion” to “integration model”

4 4 Plan 1.HLE organization in France 2.Life Long Learning and HLE in France : the French integrative model ! 3.Four ways to access a diploma 4.Three ways to become a University HLE student 5.Conclusions !!! All figures are from 2007

5 5 HLE organization in France Most of the French Higher Education system is public, with very low tuition fees (~ 1,3 Millions students pays between 170 and 350 €/year) and it depends on the Ministry of Education (78%)

6 6 HLE organization in France Most of the students are in Universities

7 7 Health studies The Higher Education Level System in France… after Bologna (2002) Years D M B Licence GE Master Doctorate DUT BTS CP Baccalauréat Access diploma

8 8 1- Initial and continuing education ; 2- Scientific and technological research and its valorization 3- Guidance and careers; 4- Diffusion of culture, scientific and technical information 5 – Participation to the European HLE and research area 6- International cooperation French education law, modified in 1984, and in 2007 : HLE in France has 6 missions

9 9 Life Long Learning and HLE : the French integrative model !

10 10 Lifelong learning (including Continuing education) is one of the 6 main “missions” of the universities… (new law 10/08/2007) The Ministry of Education point of view on Higher Education

11 11 As stated in the Education Act : Adults and students can follow the same courses and get the same diplomas, but tuition fees can be different… All HLE diplomas can be obtained through different ways, There are specific possibilities for adults to access HLE Institutions. Intregrative model

12 12 Adults and students can follow the same courses and get the same diplomas. Currently 5% of the students are registered as “adults” students But 8.8% of the diplomas are delivered to adults ! Most of them in Professional Bachelors or Masters ! BUT adults can also follows short courses (non credited)… (more than /year) Intregrative model

13 13 All HLE diplomas can be obtained through different ways: Full time studies (initial education : 93,9%) Worked based learning (1.5%) Continuing Education CE (4,6%) Recognition of Prior Learning (0,3%)

14 14 There are specific possibilities for adults to access HLE Institutions : At the Bachelor degree level: by a special access diploma called “DAEU” 4 000/year and only 4000 diplomas !) At all level: by Recognition of Prior Learning to access (20 000/year)

15 15 A first analysis tells us that…. The participation of adults in HLE seems very low ! Even though all of the cursus are opened ! But the performance (% of diplomas) is better and higher for HLE than for full time students … So what is happening?

16 16 Some reasons… A poor image of the French Universities for professional studies ? A strong concurrence because of the French laws and regulations… An important difficulty to be financed And this, even if universities offer the best competencies (due to research proximity) and the best cost !

17 17 Wages (40%) Pedagogical costs (60%) One question is: Who pays for CE in France ? Companies Public funds : State, Regions.. (mainly for unemployed persons or young) Mutual organisations which collect money from companies (for employed persons) Individuals

18 18 Who pays for CE in France? (2006 turnover, including only pedagogical cost) * Including civil servant CE.. All (national) HE (universities) Funds…9 700 M€ 340 M€ (3,5%) Companies and collect 48,8 % 36 % Individuals 7,9 % 26 % State, Regions* 31,4 %31 % Others 11,9 %7%

19 19 French continuing education system and organisation is shared between several stakeholders… Mainly…

20 20 Existence of a national system for adult continuing education (from a labour point of view… ) Based on agreements between social partners, conveyed in laws by Parliament 2 major laws organise this system… The “employment” stakeholders….

21 21 national and regional administration for CE national and regional committees which define the objectives, control the activities and analyse the results Completed by 1993 law on “decentralization” which give the whole control (more or less..) on CE to the regions (22 in France) The 1959 law on “Promotion sociale” which has established the “organisational” part of the system :

22 22 That companies must spend a part of their wages (minimum 1.6%) on employees continuing education A “training leave” : which means the opportunity for employees to leave their work during a maximum of one year for an individual training project A new market : Vocational Continuing Education The 1971 law on “Vocational Continuing Education” establishes :

23 23 Since 1994, CE is also under the responsibility of regional administration… Mainly for young and/or unemployed persons… The “Regional” stakeholders….

24 24 This “original” law, has been modified by several other ones, based on National Interprofessionnal Agreements… Modified by a 2004 law on “Continuing Vocational training” which creates an “individual right to CE” of 20 h/year will be modified in July 2009 with the introduction of guidance obligation, “career securization” mutual funds, modernisation of tax collect,… But CE is always “on the market”

25 25 The National Public Education System is one of the operators on the market”  Competition with private companies and associations (~ more than active operators !!)  Regulations included in “Education Act” The Education stakeholders …

26 26 Main figures…

27 27 French HLE institutions are active UCE Évolution 06/07 National ** % Target > bac « Students » 0,432 Million + 0,5 % 10,1 Millions4,2831% Inc. Credited cursus ? Hours x students 58 Millions+ 4,5 %718 Millions8,9 Average duration135 heures - 3 % 71 heures Incomes 339 Millions € + 7,3 % 9,7 Milliards € 3,5 RPL Jurys % ,6 * Figures 2007 ** PLF 2009 (from survey N° 6 DEPP and PLF 2009 ( )www.education.gouv.fr/pid53/evaluation-et-statistiques.html

28 UCE Évolution 06/07 National% Target Diplômas via UCE % ,810% Rate 54%28% Diplômas by RPL % ,1 French HLE institutions are active… and have results… (from survey N° 6 DEPP and PLF 2009 ( )www.education.gouv.fr/pid53/evaluation-et-statistiques.html

29 29 Conclusions… French “INA” 2009 introduces the concept of “differed education right”…. Bologna 2020 could be with : RPL, EQF, Partnerships, access…. (as stated in Leuven communiqué) Universities have the responsibility of ‘designing” tomorrow public education system… With respect to the EUA European Universities’ Charter on Lifelong Learning


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