Presentation on theme: "Cocaine in Scotland - The big picture David Liddell Director."— Presentation transcript:
Cocaine in Scotland - The big picture David Liddell Director
1. The scale and nature of current use. 2. Current response. 3. Policy and Practice issues.
The Scale of use 1.Price 2.Recreational. 3.Cocaine as main drug problem. 4.Cocaine as secondary drug to primary problem with opiate/ benzos.
PriceCocaine Five years ago could cost £100 a gram Now as low as £35 Heroin Currently £100-£50
Change Last Year Any Drug Cannabis Amphetamines ** Ecstasy Cocaine ** Crack ** Heroin ** Recreational use Scotland Table C-1: Trends in use of specific drugs, age range Source: Scottish Crime and victimisation survey *significant at the 95 per cent confidence interval; ** significant at the 99 per cent confidence interval
Recreational Use 1. Scottish Crime and Victimisation Survey year olds use in last year age profile: year olds use in last year age profile: Cocaine(overall 1.5%): Cocaine(overall 1.5%): year olds 3.5%; year olds 2.8% Crack(overall 0,2%): year olds (peak age) 0.9% Crack(overall 0,2%): year olds (peak age) 0.9% 2. 45,000 used cocaine in last year? 3. Under reporting in the age range?
Recreational use Table C-1: Trends in use of specific drugs, * significant at the 95 per cent confidence interval; ** significant at the 99 per cent confidence interval Change Ever Any Drug ** Cannabis ** Amphetamines ** Ecstasy ** Cocaine ** Crack ** Heroin **
Cocaine as main drug problem Very limited data. Primarily from opiate focused/dominated treatment and care service. 2004/5 data available 2005/6 released in December
Primary problem with Cocaine/Crack Main illicit drug: year ending 31 March 2005 NHS board area of residence NEW INDIVIDUAL PATIENTS/CLIENTS Source ISD Scotland New individual patients clients AmphetamineCocaineCrackCocaine Scotland (1.9%)(249)48(0.3%)(35) Greater Glasgow Lanarkshire Lothian
All illicit drugs: year ending 31 March 2005 number of new individuals reporting using each drug of misuse; Source: ISD Scotland New individual patients clients AmphetaminesCocaineCrackCocaine Scotland Argyll & Clyde Ayrshire & Arran Grampian Greater Glasgow Lanarkshire Lothian
Secondary use of Cocaine/Crack among opiate population All drug useAll drug use – primary users Cocaine949 (6.6%)671 (4.7%) Crack 348 (2.4%)300 (2.1%) Crack 348 (2.4%)300 (2.1%) Other data such as DORIS and new attenders at the Glasgow Drug Crisis Centre show much higher levels of cocaine use 25%-30% among opiate users Secondary use to Alcohol
Drug related deaths 2005 Source: SDCEA Number of cases(%) where no other substance was implicated Number of cases(%) where drug was implicated Scotland242(100.00)242(100.0) Cocaine Cocaine12(5%)22(9.1%) Amphetamine3(1.2)5(2.1)
Current response 1. Recreational users: - Few services. Crew Few services. Crew Special provision for Cocaine/Psycho stimulant as main drug problem: as main drug problem: ESUS – Edinburgh, INCITE – Aberdeen, Cocaine Anonymous ESUS – Edinburgh, INCITE – Aberdeen, Cocaine Anonymous 3. Specialist drug services responding primarily to secondary use Some training reach so far fairly limited Some training reach so far fairly limited 4. Know the Score/website helpline
Key policy issues - Recreational users More coherent response to recreational users required More coherent response to recreational users required *CREW 2000 type services *Better use of Helplines/websites *Better targeting of information campaigns For example little information provided on risks of Blood Borne Virus transmission through sharing banknotes for snorting
Key policy issues - Provision for problem Psycho stimulant users Do we need to develop existing services or create specialist Psycho stimulant services? The answer likely to be that we need to do both. Existing specialist services have been slow to react to a new population? Workload? Service rather than needs led? Need specialist provision in areas where major problems exist until mainstream provision has adapted? Mental Health and alcohol agencies role? Pillar to post scenario – integrated services
Key policy issues - Response to use among existing opiate population Cocaine impacting on ‘stability’ of those on substitute programmes? E.g. increases in:- benzo use? benzo use?Alcohol?Aggression? Mental health? Under reporting of cocaine use to services – why? Training for frontline staff
Conclusion Need to retain a perspective: cocaine problems small compared to opiates But need to proactively respond in order that problems do not escalate Improved response to the three groups; recreational; primary problem users and opiate users using cocaine
Conclusion Recreational use More Crew 2000 type provision Cocaine as main drug problem Changes to existing services and retain and develop specialist provision Cocaine use among opiate population Improve service responses, more user led focus
ConclusionResourcing Need some specific resources devoted to the problems of cocaine £66.5 million for direct responses to drugs per year(including £34 million for drug treatment and care) 2% of treatment monies would be £680,000 Currently spending - £300,000 for 2 services