Presentation on theme: "Nick de Viggiani, Norma Daykin, Yvonne Moriarty, Paul Pilkington Department of Health and Applied Social Sciences, UWE, Bristol An exploratory study of."— Presentation transcript:
Nick de Viggiani, Norma Daykin, Yvonne Moriarty, Paul Pilkington Department of Health and Applied Social Sciences, UWE, Bristol An exploratory study of young people in the criminal justice system, engaged with a creative music programme
Anecdotal / partial evidence that participatory arts programmes can contribute to health improvement, emotional resilience and social reintegration among criminal justice populations. Musical Pathways: a Big Lottery funded research project, 2010-13, eight youth justice settings, SW England & South Wales. Our aim: to contribute to the research evidence base on the efficacy of participatory music programmes as mechanisms for improving health, wellbeing and rehabilitation of young people in justice settings.
JUVENILE UNITS (HM Prison Service) 15-17 years 17 years YOIs: 18-21 yrs (HM Prison Service & private sector) YOTs: 10-17 yrs, community SCHs: 10-15 yrs (Local Authorities) (Youth Justice Board / MoJ 2013)
Bespoke approach 7-14 participants Usually 6 half-day sessions Facilitated by 2-3 musicians Active learning / participatory approaches Inductive team building Exercises in singing, breathing, word association, composing lyrics, preparing CD artwork Familiarisation with instruments / equipment Goal of a new music composition -> CD and/or live performance music programme
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES To investigate, using qualitative research methods: Meanings and values participants attribute to music, how they identify with it. Relevance of music to participants’ health and wellbeing. Social resonance music affords in terms of lifestyle, behaviour, social status. Value of music as the basis of programme-based interventions. To explore feasibility and acceptability of quantitative evaluation tools used to measure health, wellbeing and social inclusion impacts. To explore pre- and post- programme trends in health, wellbeing and social inclusion for individuals and case studies (programmes).
RESEARCH PROCESS 8 sites 15 programmes 118 recruits (77M/41F) 104 pre-questionnaires 150+ hrs participant observation 38 post-questionnaires 13 focus groups (46 participants) 32 semi-structured interviews 25 questionnaires @ 3-4 months 5 interviews @ 3-4 months TIMELINE Start (month/year) Programme Number Site Identifier Site Type Gender (m/f) Recruits (m/f) Age (years) TIMELINE end 11/20101AYOIM818-2108/2011 11/20102AYOIM618-2108/2011 11/20103BJP/UM1115-1708/2011 11/20104BJP/UM1415-1708/2011 01/20115CJP/UM815-1709/2011 06/20116DJP/UF121708/2012 10/20117ESCHM/F10/110-1508/2012 10/20118ESCHM/F5/110-1508/2012 01/20129FSCHM/F1/210-1508/2012 01/201210FSCHM/F2/510-1508/2012 03/201211DJP/UF101711/2012 03/201212DJP/UF41711/2012 07/201213GYOTM&F10/210-1704/2013 07/201214HYOTM&F410-1704/2013 07/201215HYOTM&F310-1704/2013 Total Recruits118 Key: YOI=Young Offender Institution; JP/U=Juvenile Prison/Unit; SCH=Secure Children’s Home; YOT=Youth Offending Team
CHALLENGES FOR RESEARCH Small numbers make outcomes difficult to measure (reliability). Population transience makes follow-up difficult. Demographic (justice) data are difficult to access. Justice environments are highly variable / lack of consistency (sites/programmes). Varied demographics. Range of small arts providers (bespoke interventions). Varied programme methodologies. Intervention effects difficult to extrapolate (‘controls’). Dependence upon gatekeepers. Environmental constraints. Intensive methodological triangulation required to achieve reasonable validity. Qualitative research provides richest insight, given personal/social/small group intervention goals.
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