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By Joe Bennett & Harry dyson-coope Fly to the rainforest.

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1 By Joe Bennett & Harry dyson-coope Fly to the rainforest

2 Come and explore the rainforest !!! Competition If you find all the Pygmy Marmosets you can win a cuddly toy of a gorilla. There are 5 pygmy marmosets to find. Welcome to the Amazon rainforest he you will see wildlife plants and please don’t feed the jaguar

3 Contents Animals Plants About the Amazon rain forest Map

4 Animals Monkeys poison dart frogMonkeyspoison dart frog Birds Snakes Jaguar ToucanJaguar Toucan

5 This full-grown male poison dart frog is only about 3/4 of an inch long (2 cm)! It lives on the floor of the rain forest, hopping among leaves and up on top of some logs to sing. Here it is singing to a mate or warning some other males off. These frogs are very good parents. The females lay the eggs inside of leaf-cups made by bromeliad plants. The parents take care of the tadpoles after they hatch, often transporting them to other leaf-cups.

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7 Snakes Many reptiles and amphibians also live in the forest. The most spectacular is the anaconda which can measure 9 metres.

8 The rainforest is an ideal place for many types of animals to live. There is plenty of water, shelter and food, and it is warm all year. These conditions mostly benefit the insects which can grow and reproduce the year round, unlike the annual cycle in colder climates. Some insects grow very large. "Walking sticks" reach lengths of over 300mm. Beetles can be as large as your hand and some moths are the size of small birds. But the really amazing thing about them is their variety. One tree in the Amazon can house 200 different types of insects; not 200 insects but 200 different types! Scientists believe many insect types have yet to be named and catalogued. Birds

9 Monkeys Central Africa, home to the Congo Basin, holds the world's second largest contiguous rainforest. This vast forest runs through six African countries (Cameroon, Central African Republic, Gabon, Congo and Zaire) stretching from the Mountains of the Moon in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo to the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. Second only to the Amazon Basin in size, the Congo Basin covers more than 1,000,000 square miles. Logging and agricultural clearing are the two major threats to this biologically diverse and rich region and deforestation is happening at an alarming rate. Since the 1980's, this region the one of the highest loss of forest rates in the world, if not the highest. Other threats include the bush meat and wildlife trades, Ebola, poaching, climate change and population growth. Orangitans Pygmy marmoset howler monkey

10 Jaguar = jaguar Jaguars can be found in great numbers throughout the rainforests and along the banks of rivers. These fierce cats are not found in the company of other jaguars except for mating purposes. During her 22 year life span, the female jaguar may have 1-4 cubs all growing to be 6 feet long (not including the 2 and a half foot tail)

11 Toucan Toucans live in South and Central America, but do not live in Africa. Their beaks are beautiful but do not have much strength. Scientists think the beaks are so pretty so that male toucans can attract females.

12 Orangitans From morning to night,orangitans swings through the tree tops and roams freely.These endangered animals make leafy nets in the trees below and sleep. Check this out

13 Pygmy marmoset The pygmy marmoset is one of the world's smallest primates, sitting here on a young boy's fingers. A full grown pigmy marmoset weighs only 3 ounces (86 g) and measures a short six inches (15 cm). It eats berries, buds, fruits, and arthropods (insects and spiders, that is). It also gets a lot of nourishment from sucking the juices from trees. Not for the hunt

14 Howler monkey The howler monkey to the right is an adult male. He has a big saggy chin that functions as a "resonating" chamber so he can howl. The howls can be heard for several miles in the rain forest, and allow the monkeys from one group to communicate with other groups. They communicate to defend their territories, telling other monkey groups not to come there because it is where they live.

15 Plants There is a fantastic variety of rain forest plant life. A typical 10km square area contains 1,500 kinds of flowering plants and 750 tree species. These plants form a system of layers. The top layer consists of giant trees up to 75 metres tall that tower over the rest of the forest. Canopy Trees, 20 to 30 metres tall, form the next layer. Shrubs and young trees make up the under layer, whilst the last layer is the forest floor itself. Ferns, herbs and seedlings that need little sunlight for growth are found in this bottom layer.

16 About the Amazon rain forest At the current deforestation rate is 55% of the Amazon rainforest could be gone by There are 40,000 species of plants 3000 Fresh water fish more than 370 reptiles and the Amazon is one of the last refuges for the jaguars. And 4,100 of winding

17 Map The Amazon rain forest

18 Did you find them all? If you did you find them then you win a prize If not we will still give it to you


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