# Living in an active zone Revision lesson. Why are plate margins hazardous? What are the plate margins and how do plate movement generate a variety of.

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Living in an active zone Revision lesson

Why are plate margins hazardous? What are the plate margins and how do plate movement generate a variety of landforms? What are the primary and secondary hazards associated with volcanoes and earthquake zones? Why do people continue to live in hazardous zones?

The structure of the earth….. THINK ABOUT WHAT THIS IMAGE HAS TO DO WITH THE EARTHS STRUCTURE? YOU HAVE ONE MINUTE TO SEE IF YOU CAN COME UP WITH AN ANSWER YOU MUST USE THE WORDS ; CoreMantleCrust You will be selected at random to share your answer with the class!!

Plates and Plate Boundaries Test yourself – Name the plates 1 – 8 + Type of margins W-Z 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 W X YZ

Destructive plate boundaries Think about the direction that these plates move in….one of you will be selected at random to come to the front of the class to mime the motion of a destructive plate boundary! No helping No shouting out

What can you remember? Match the letter with the number! A Oceanic crust B Continental crust c. Volcanic arc d. Trench hasvcjhv hasvcjhvfgndtfgndfgfgngfnn 1 2 3 4

What can you remember? Match the letter with the number! A Oceanic crust B Continental crust c. Volcanic arc d. Trench

What happens at the destructive margin? 1.As the pressure is released we get earthquakes. 2.Where plates move together, the denser oceanic crust slips down into the mantle under the continental crust. 3.An oceanic trench is formed on the sea bed. 4.Molten magma is forced to the surface where we get volcanoes eventually building a mountain range. 5.This movement builds up a large amount of pressure between the two plates. 6.The oceanic plate melts. This is known as the zone of subduction. Activity Put these in the correct order !

Answers: 2 6 3 5 4 1 Can you remember what case study we used for this? The Andes

Constructive plate boundaries Think about the direction that these plates move in….one of you will be selected at random to come to the front of the class to mime the motion of a Constructive plate boundary! No helping No shouting out

What can you remember? Match the letter with the number! A. Sea floor spreading b. Mid- oceanic rige d. Oceanic crust c. Magma 1 2 3 4

Strato and shield Volcano AB Strato 2. Constructive margin 3. Destructive margin 6. Steep gradient 4. High summit 1. layers of ash and lava 9. Explosive eruptions 5. Low height 7. Gentle slopes 8. Wide profile 10. Runny lava – spreads easily Shield

Can you remember what case study we used for this? Iceland

Primary or secondary hazards of a volcanic eruption? 1. Lava flow 5. Ash and tephra falls 4. Pyroclastic flow 3. landslides 7. tsunamis 2. lahars 6. Volcanic gases A. Primary B. Secondary

Primary or secondary hazards of a volcanic eruption…answers 1. Lava flow 5. Ash and tephra falls 4. Pyroclastic flow 3. landslides 7. tsunamis 2. lahars 6. Volcanic gases A. Primary B. Secondary

Primary or secondary hazards of an earthquake? 1. Ground shaking2. landslides 3. tsunami 4. Soil liquifaction A. Primary B. Secondary

Primary or secondary hazards of an earthquake? 1. Ground shaking2. landslides 3. tsunami 4. Soil liquifaction A. Primary B. Secondary

Why do people live in hazardous zones? You have 2 minutes to come up with as many reasons as possible to explain why people live in risky areas! GO! No choice Fertile soil Unwillingness to move Geothermal energy Tourism

How can the risks associated with volcanic and earthquake zones be reduced? How are volcanoes monitored and what does this tell us about their state? How might the effects of volcano eruptions and earthquakes be reduced in MEDCs and LEDCs?

Short term or long term responses? True or false? Attempt the paper ‘true or false’ quiz Answers: 1.T 2.F 3.F 4.T 5.F 6.F 7.T 8.F 9.F 10.T 11.T 12.F

Super volcanoes! Watch the video clip (in lesson folder) What might happen in the future – Yellowstone, USA

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