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Welcome Skills in the West Midlands Economy A Black Country Perspective BCTG Equality and Diversity Conference Mike Bell, LSC Area Director, Black Country.

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Presentation on theme: "Welcome Skills in the West Midlands Economy A Black Country Perspective BCTG Equality and Diversity Conference Mike Bell, LSC Area Director, Black Country."— Presentation transcript:

1 Welcome Skills in the West Midlands Economy A Black Country Perspective BCTG Equality and Diversity Conference Mike Bell, LSC Area Director, Black Country and Staffordshire

2 Please raise your hands if you wish to commit economic and social suicide Does it make economic sense to….?

3 Ethnicity Gender Disability Age Faith Sexual Orientation Transgender The Seven Areas of Equality

4 West Midlands - Estimated Resident Population (16-64) by Ethnic Group (000s) Source: Office for National Statistics (Resident Population Estimates, mid-2006, experimental statistics)

5 Source: Population Estimates 2007 Total Population by Gender

6 6.8 million disabled people of working age in Britain, yet only 50% of disabled people in employment compared to 81% of non-disabled people 18% of working age population in England 18.5% of working age population in West Midlands 602,500 people in West Midlands

7 UK doing well, but not well enough by 2020 Step change needed in skills levels Public money must focus; private sector must invest Provision should be demand-led Maximise all sources of skills Lord Leitch’s Review of Skills and Government Response

8 Short-term – slowing/reduction in employment, but demand for skills Medium-term - growth in employment, and demand for skills Demand Issues

9 Projections of Regional Employment Change : by Sector Source: Working Futures III

10 Projections of Regional Employment Change : by Sector Source: Working Futures III

11 Regional Workforce by Sector and Age

12 West Midlands Employment by Occupation and Gender 2008 Source: Annual Population Survey 2008

13

14 Black Country Net Employment Change Source: Working Futures III

15 Proportion of Sector Workforce that is Non-White in 2007

16 Regional Employment Change : Net New Jobs Source: Working Futures III

17 Regional Employment Change : Overall Demand Source: Working Futures III

18

19 Employment Projections ,000 replacement jobs across the region 90,000 new jobs (distributed geographically on graph) Source: LSC/ SSDA Working Futures

20 Employment Projections Source: Working Futures III 984,000 replacement jobs across the region 125,000 new jobs (distributed geographically on graph)

21 The quality and availability of skilled labour remains challenging, despite immediate economic circumstances Supply Issues

22 Minority Ethnic Composition of the West Midlands Source: ONS Estimated resident population by ethnic group and sex, mid-2005, (experimental statistics)

23 Source: IMD 2007 Indices of Multiple Deprivation 2007: Concentrations of Deprivation

24 Deprivation within Black Country

25 The Region has the third highest number of SOAs in the most deprived 10% in England 28% of the Black Country’s SOAs in national 10% most deprived Source: IMD 2004

26 Economic Status of Working Age Populations Source: APS 2007 In employment ILO unemployedInactive Total working age population Birmingham66%6%28%596,080 Solihull76%3%21%118,625 Dudley75%3%22%183,756 Sandwell67%5%28%167,270 Walsall71%6%23%146,648 Wolverhampton67%6%28%140,371 Coventry74%4%22%189,978 Warwickshire79%3%17%316,139 Herefordshire78%2%20%101,073 Worcestershire78%3%19%333,348 Shropshire77%2%21%165,898 Telford and Wrekin73%4%23%99,060 Staffordshire77%3%20%498,600 Stoke-on-Trent UA70%4%26%145,934 West Midlands73%4%23%3,202,780

27 Proportion of Pupils Achieving 5 or more A*-C Grades 2008 Provisional Source: DCFS 2008 England Average

28 Proportion of Pupils Achieving 5 or more A*-C Grades, including Maths and English, 2008 Provisional Source: DCFS 2008 England Average

29 GCSE Attainment of Pupils at the end of Key Stage 4 in the West Midlands by Ethnicity 2006/07 Source: DCSF All pupils

30 Proportion of Pupils Achieving 5 or more A*-C Grades, including Maths and English, 2007 by Ethnicity Source: DCSF 2007 – 2008 data not yet available

31 Engineering 2% of apprentices are female 4% are from ethnic minority communities 6% have a learning difficulty, disability or health problem Plumbing 2% of apprentices are female 2% are from ethnic minority communities 7% have a learning difficulty, disability or health problem Children’s Care, Learning and Development 3% of apprentices are male 10% are from ethnic minority communities 18% have a learning difficulty, disability or health problem Apprenticeships

32 Post-16 General and Applied A/AS or Equivalent Achievement 2008 Provisional Source: DCFS 2008 England Average

33 But surely numbers of young people are declining? Isn’t 70% of the 2014 workforce already in employment now? Yes – but…

34 Working Age Qualification Levels Level 4+Level 3+Level 2+No Quals Birmingham & Solihull27%45%64%18% Black Country19%35%57%24% Dudley22%41%65%18% Sandwell15%29%52%26% Walsall18%35%55%25% Wolverhampton20%34%55%30% Coventry & Warwickshire30%51%71%12% Herefordshire & Worcestershire30%50%71%12% Shropshire31%49%71%12% Staffordshire25%43%63%17% West Midlands26%45%65%17% England30%49%69%13% Source: APS 2007

35 Source: ONS 2006 Mid-year population estimates Net Change in the Working Age Population of the West Midlands between 1981 and 2006

36 Source: ONS 2006 Mid-year population estimates Net Change in Working Age Population West Midlands –

37 Older Workers are Poorly Represented in Growth Sectors such as Retail, Hotels and ICT Source: LFS Spring 2006

38 Source: Joseph Rowntree Foundation 2006, Socio-demographic Scenarios for children Projected Change in West Midlands Population from 2001 to 2020

39 Employment rate of ethnic groups in West Midlands Employment Rates among Minority Ethnic Groups are low in the Region Source: LFS

40 Never mind – we’ll just get our skilled workforce from other parts of the West Midlands ….. or will they?

41 Employment Projections Source: Working Futures III 984,000 replacement jobs across the region 125,000 new jobs (distributed geographically on graph)

42 Whichever way you look at it, we have a challenge Unemployment - rising Qualifications levels – not rising fast enough Skills levels – too low – not rising fast enough Age/demography – against us if we carry on as before Short-term – Economic Downturn Medium-term - competitive demand/ projected growth

43 Maximise all sources of skills


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