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S3 Standard Grade PE Fitness D Morton 07. Revision Today.

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Presentation on theme: "S3 Standard Grade PE Fitness D Morton 07. Revision Today."— Presentation transcript:

1 S3 Standard Grade PE Fitness D Morton 07

2 Revision Today

3 What aspects of fitness have we covered so far? Flexibility Flexibility Speed Speed Cardio-respiratory endurance Cardio-respiratory endurance Strength Strength

4 What have we still to cover? Local muscular Endurance Local muscular Endurance

5 Flexibility What is flexibility? What is flexibility? The range of movement across a joint

6 How did we test our flexibility? Sit and reach Sit and reach Trunk extension Trunk extension Shoulder reach Shoulder reach

7 Why do you test your level of flexibility? To see what we have to work on to improve To see what we have to work on to improve To set a good training programme to improve our flexibility To set a good training programme to improve our flexibility

8 What sports is it important to have good flexibility? Gymnastics Gymnastics The splits –flexibility in the hip joint allows the legs to stretch further The splits –flexibility in the hip joint allows the legs to stretch further

9 Cardio-respiratory Endurance

10 The ability of the heart and the lungs to work for a long period of time The ability of the heart and the lungs to work for a long period of time

11 How does this happen? The heart and lungs can take in, transport and use OXYGEN efficiently The heart and lungs can take in, transport and use OXYGEN efficiently

12 How did we test our CRE fitness? The Beep test Ability to run over a long period of time without getting tired Ability to run over a long period of time without getting tired It showed who had the best CRE fitness in the class It showed who had the best CRE fitness in the class

13

14 Pulse Our pulse is a measure of our heart beat Our pulse is a measure of our heart beat

15 Pulse A fit persons resting pulse rate is roughly between 35 and 50 beats per minute? A fit persons resting pulse rate is roughly between 35 and 50 beats per minute? If my resting pulse is 90 beats per minute am I fit or unfit? If my resting pulse is 90 beats per minute am I fit or unfit? Why do we measure our pulse? Why do we measure our pulse?

16 Strength

17 What is strength? The maximum force you can apply to something The maximum force you can apply to something E.g the stronger you are= the bigger the force you can E.g the stronger you are= the bigger the force you can

18 How do we test strength? The Maximum weight you can lift in one go The Maximum weight you can lift in one go E.g the heaviest kg’s you can lift on a machine in the fitness room E.g the heaviest kg’s you can lift on a machine in the fitness room

19 How can you train for strength? In the fitness room, weight machines In the fitness room, weight machines High weight (KG’s), low number of times you lift the weight High weight (KG’s), low number of times you lift the weight 50 kg lift x 7 50 kg lift x 7

20 When is it important to be strong in sport? Activity= rugby Activity= rugby Skill= tackle Skill= tackle How is strength important? How is strength important? The stronger your legs and upper body are, the greater the FORCE you can apply to your opponent and you can bring them to the ground easier

21 Power

22 Power is… A combination of strength and speed A combination of strength and speed

23 How did we test power? Standing long jump Standing long jump Vertical jump Vertical jump

24 Jumping involves power in the legs Strength and speed in the leg muscles

25 When is power important?

26 Muscles and joints What are the main joints in the body used in a game of a football? What are the main joints in the body used in a game of a football?

27 Still to cover Circuit training Circuit training Local muscular endurance Local muscular endurance Beep test Beep test Skeleton Skeleton

28 Joints in football KneeAnkleHip

29 Types of joints Ball and socket All directions e.g hip, shoulder Hinge joint 2 directions e.g elbow, knee

30 Muscles involved

31 BICEP TRICEP PECTORIALS ABDOMINALS ADDUCTOR (GROIN) QUADRICEP DELTOID LATS GLUTEUS MAXIMUS (BOTTOM) HAMSTRING CALF

32 Biceps and triceps How do they work together when you take a penalty kick?

33 Movement Muscles involved Joints involved Prep Bend supporting bend kicking leg Quadriceps contract Hamstring contract hamstringRelax Quadriceps relax KneeJoint-hinge Action Swing leg forward and Kick ball with foot Quadriceps contract Soleus contract Hamstring relax Knee joint, hip joint, ankle joint Recovery Kicking leg comes across body for follow through Quadriceps continue to contract Hamstring continues to relax Knee joint, hip joint, ankle joint

34 Bones provide: Bones provide: The basic shape and structure of the body The basic shape and structure of the body Provide support Provide support Protect vital organs e.g heart Protect vital organs e.g heart

35 Skeletal framework also has: Cartilage Cartilage Synovial fluid Synovial fluid Ligament Ligament Tendons Tendons These are all present at a joint

36 Cartilage Where do you think there is cartilage in your body? Where do you think there is cartilage in your body? Your knee, ear, nose Your knee, ear, nose

37 What does the cartilage do? Covers the ends of bones Covers the ends of bones Acts as a shock absorber Acts as a shock absorber Reduces the friction between bones Reduces the friction between bones

38 Synovial fluid Thin layer of liquid produced to help lubricate a joint and reduce friction Thin layer of liquid produced to help lubricate a joint and reduce friction

39

40 Ligament Ligaments are a connective tissue Ligaments are a connective tissue Made of strong tissue Made of strong tissue Join bone to bone Join bone to bone Prevent a joint over stretching Prevent a joint over stretching

41 TENDONS Tendons are also a connective tissue Tendons are also a connective tissue A tendon joins muscle to bone A tendon joins muscle to bone

42 Recap Ligament joins bone to bone Ligament joins bone to bone Tendon joins muscle to bone Tendon joins muscle to bone


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