2Authors we will read Benjamin Franklin Michel-Guillaume Jean de CrevecoeurThomas PaineThomas Jefferson
3The Age of Reason or Enlightenment Writers valued reason over faith.God gave reason to mankind.People are generally good and not evilHumans were born with an innate ethical sense and had the ability to regulate and improve their own lives.Sir Isaac Newton said that God was like a clockmaker who created the perfect mechanism of this universe and left it to run on its own.Belief in the power of science to further human progress.Scientists – Galileo and Sir Isaac Newton
4Historical Period Stamp Act 1765 Townshend Act of 1767: taxed normal household goodsBoston Massacre 1770Boston Tea PartyCoercive Acts—in response to the Tea Party: shut down port of Boston, forbid meetings, allowed British troops to be housed with Colonists (Col. called them the “Intolerable Acts.”)French and Indian War battle for control of North AmericaFrance lostBritain strengthens control of territories and power of the American Colonies.
5Historical Period “The Shot Heard Round the World” April 19, battle on the Lexington Green—8 Americans deadThis marks the start of the Revolutionary WarThe War ends on October 19, 1781
6Literature of the Period -Much of what was produced was public writing. --Speeches and pamphlets were used to defend colonial rights. -By 1776, 30 newspapers existed. -By Washington’s inauguration,40 magazines existed. -Almanacs were popular.
7Cries for a New Nation Focus on politics in writing: Common Sense- important document by Thomas Paine sold over 100,000 copies within 3 monthsThe Declaration of Independence – Thomas Jefferson 1st draft
8Other Public Documents Articles of Confederation- established the “league of friendship” between states. This document fails.The Federal Constitution replaces the articles.Bill of Rights added to strength document
9Benjamin FranklinPoor Richard’s Almanac was familiar to most colonial households.-provided info about the calendar and weather and also contained aphorisms (an aphorism= a short saying with a message).Franklin’s Autobiography covers only his early years.It is considered one of the finest autobiographies in any language.