2 Learning ObjectivesTo understand how transport methods have evolved over thousands of yearsTo begin to appreciate the effect of transport choices on us and our environment
3 The first form of transport was, of course,WALKING!
4 Thousands of years ago, in ancient times, people started to use donkeys and horses totravel and to transport things.
5 Around 3,500 BC, the wheel was invented. The first wheels were simply solid discs, carvedfrom one lump of wood.
6 Wheels developed further and began to be made with spokes.
7 The very first boats were canoes, dug out from logs.But around 3,100 BC the Egyptians inventedthe sailing boat. It was made of bundles ofreeds tied together.
8 Within a few hundred years, the Egyptians began making woodenships.
9 The Romans are famousfor building roads.Their impressive,straight roads helpedtheir armies march fromone area to another.
10 In the Middle Ages in Britain, rich people travelled on horseback or in cloth-coveredwagons.Travel was very slowcompared to what weexperience today!
11 During the 18th Century, rich men improved the roads and they charged people tolls touse them.But using the roads couldbe dangerous due tohighwaymen such asDICK TURPIN!
12 In 1759 the first canalwas built. Lots morewere dug in the late 18thand early 19th Century.It was a much cheaperand popular method oftransporting goods.
13 The development of the railways made a huge difference to transport in the mid 19thCentury.Most towns in Britaingot connected andby the end of thecentury there werealso many branchrailway linesconnecting villages.
14 Another very popular method of transport was arriving around this time – The Bicycle!In 1817 the 'Hobby Horse' was invented by Karlvon Drais. It was made of wood and you pushed italong with your feet!Then Kirkpatrick Macmillan first put pedals ona bicycle around 1840.
15 In 1861, Michaux invented the Velocipede with pedals fitted to thefront wheel, like a child’s tricycle.Then thePenny Farthingwas developed.
16 Next came the Safety Bicycle with chain and gearing. The pneumatic tyre wasintroduced in 1888.The basic design of thebike stayed the same formany years.More recently there havebeen improvementswhich also helpedcycling developas a sport.
17 The first cars appeared at the end of the 19thCentury and theybecame more commonafter the First World War.It wasn’t until the 1960sthat cars becamevery commonly usedand by the 1970s mostfamilies owned one.
18 There are now so many cars that many people are worried about congestion and theeffect this is having on our world and our health.
19 Many people think we should walk, cycle or use Public Transportin the future instead of travelling by car.Public Transport suchas buses, trains, metroand trams are a muchmore efficient use offuel because they can carrylots of passengers at once.
20 Transport has changed and it will change in the future.Perhaps we will getto travel into space!
21 But walking andcycling might be themost popular waysto travel in the futureas we all try to stayfit and healthy andlook after our planet!
22 Task:Create an illustrated timeline to show how transport has changed fromwalking when there were no other choices, to walking as a good andhealthy choice now and for the future.Try to remember the order of when these methods of transport werefirst used:BicycleCarHorsesRocketHorse and wagonBusTrainsDonkeysCanal boats