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1. Global Health & The United Nations Learning objectives: - to understand the main health issues affecting the world today - to identify how the UN are.

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Presentation on theme: "1. Global Health & The United Nations Learning objectives: - to understand the main health issues affecting the world today - to identify how the UN are."— Presentation transcript:

1 1. Global Health & The United Nations Learning objectives: - to understand the main health issues affecting the world today - to identify how the UN are working to solve these problems CHILD MORTALITY: Close to 11 million children under-five die every year. Almost 90% of all child deaths are attributable to just six conditions: diarrhoea, HIV/AIDS, malaria, measles, neonatal causes and pneumonia. Malnutrition increases the risk of dying – over half of all child deaths occur in children who are underweight. Some countries have made progress, but in 14 countries, 10 in Africa, more children are dying now than in MATERNAL MORTALITY: More than half a million women die each year in pregnancy and childbirth. The vast majority of maternal deaths could be prevented if women had access to quality family planning services, skilled care during pregnancy, childbirth and the first month after delivery, or post-abortion care services and where permissible, safe abortion services. HIV AIDS: This year, five million people will be newly infected with HIV and more than three million people will die of HIV/AIDS-related illnesses. Today, just one in five people at risk of HIV has access to the information and tools they need to prevent it, and millions are in urgent need of antiretroviral medicines. TUBERCULOSIS: The global TB (tuberculosis) epidemic causes nearly nine million cases of disease and kills about two million people each year. MALARIA: Malaria kills more than one million people a year – most of them children under five in Africa. One child in Africa dies every 30 seconds from a malaria infection caused by the bite of a mosquito. What are the major health problems facing the world today? Can you think of any other medical conditions that cause people to become ill during their lives? Why do some people die of diseases like malaria and others don’t? What else can threaten people’s health apart from diseases? Which groups of people are most at risk from becoming ill?

2 1. Global Health & The United Nations Learning objectives: - to understand the main health issues affecting the world today - to identify how the UN are working to solve these problems “My name is Luana. This is my little sister who I look after. We live in a very rural part of Africa. I have 9 brothers and sisters. My father was killed during a civil war several years ago. My mother is too weak to look after us. In nearby villages where we go to get our water, there has been an outbreak of cholera, a disease spread in contaminated water.” What difficulties might Luana face in keeping her and her sister healthy? Make sure you provide reasons for your answers. Example: Luana and her family are not likely to have access to a doctor. She says she lives in a very rural area and has to walk to other villages for water. This means she probably has to travel to see a doctor as well. Not having a doctor nearby means if Luana becomes ill, she is less likely to get treatment. Key word: Cholera Cholera is an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food. If it is not treated it is fatal.

3 1. Global Health & The United Nations Learning objectives: - to understand the main health issues affecting the world today - to identify how the UN are working to solve these problems "The biggest enemy of health in the developing world is poverty." Kofi Annan - former UN Secretary General of the UN Goal 5 - Maternal Health Goal 6 - Combat disease Goal 4 - Child Health Video 1 Video 2 Video 3 During the Millennium Summit of 2000, member states of the United Nations represented by heads of governments convened at UN headquarters in New York City for the Millennium Summit. The outcome was the Millennium Development Goals, along with benchmarks to meet them by Why is poverty considered the biggest enemy of health?

4 1. Global Health & The United Nations Learning objectives: - to understand the main health issues affecting the world today - to identify how the UN are working to solve these problems Video 1Video 3Video 2 1. What problems do many children face in the developing world? 2. What will help more children survive? 1. What are the consequences of poor maternal health? 2. Why do so many mothers die in the developing world? 1. What stops people accessing medication for HIV/AIDS? 2. What are the consequences of HIV/AIDS? How do the MDGs relate to Luana’s situation? What 5 resources could the UN provide Luana’s community with that would improve health? What barriers would there be to providing these resources?

5 1. Global Health & The WHO Learning objectives: - to understand the main health issues affecting the world today - to identify how the UN are working to solve these problems Summary questions: 1.Have we met our objectives? 2.What are the three most interesting facts you have learnt? 3.Have your ideas changed since the beginning of the lesson? 4.What more would you like to to know? 5.Is there anything we as global citizens can do to help?


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