2 Transcendental Meditation The plan What is Transcendental Meditation?What are the benefits?How does it work?What is the technique itself?How can I learn?
3 Transcendental Meditation - What is it, in a nutshell? Transcendental Meditation is EASYSitting comfortably20 minutes twice a dayCan be done anywherePractised by people from all walks of life, all around the world
4 How does Transcendental Meditation compare? TM is fundamentally differentRelaxation techniques vary 10-fold!TM is not mind control, not contemplationWe will explore the difference from several anglesthe experiencephysiological changeslong-term effectsthe actual technique itselfBut first a brief review of the benefits …
5 Benefits – why people learn Common reasons people give for starting Transcendental Meditation:Stress relief, relaxation, insomnia, anxiety, depression, angerSelf-improvement, clarity of mind, peace, confidenceHealth related issues e.g. general health, hypertension, chronic fatigue (ME), energy, injury, addiction, Alzheimer's …
6 Benefits – What do people find? On the first occasion, 90% remark on the depth of relaxationAfter 4 days, 50% report one or more of:sleeping bettercalmer, inner peace, quietmore energy, mental and physicalmore positive, less affected by problemsmore efficient and productiveA long-term strategy: routine daily practice is what brings the benefits
7 Benefits – What does science say? 100s of studies in top journals over 35 yearsScientifically proven benefits and applicationsExamplesImproved mental functioningBrain integration, increased creativity, improved educational and occupational performanceImproved healthCumulative reduction in health care costs in all categories of disease including heart disease, “as effective as anti-hypertensive drugs”Improved personality and behaviourImproved job performance and team work, less absenteeism, reduced alcohol use ...Reduced conflict, increased peaceReduced crime rate, reduced conflict and war ...
8 - HOW does it work? Dynamic rest Ordinary rest Idle Little improvement Fine-tuningPerforms better
9 A special quality of rest Wide awake yet silent, c.f. relaxationBuilt into the physiologyDynamic fine-tuning, mobilisation of unused reservesNOT passive rest, slowing down, withdrawal from life
10 Alpha Coherence Maps Front Middle Eyes Open Eyes Closed TM Practice References: International Journal of Psychophysiology, 116, (2006); Biological Psychology, 61, (2002); Consciousness and Cognition, 8(3), (1999); Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 35 (1973); International Journal of Neuroscience 14: 147–151, 1981.
11 Zen: Theta, (Kubota et al 2001) Compassion: Gamma, (Lutz et al. 2004)EEG Patterns DifferMindfulness = Eyes Closed (Cahn, personal communication)TM: Global Alpha (Travis 2009)
13 Cortisol, stress hormone Increased levels of the hormone cortisol in the circulation are well established correlates of both acute and chronic stress. The study shows that plasma cortisol decreased during Transcendental Meditation, whereas it did not change significantly in control subjects during ordinary relaxation.Sources: The transcendental meditation technique, adrenocortical activity, and implications for stress, Experientia 34(5): , Adrenocortical activity during meditation, Hormones and Behavior 10(1): 54ú60, 1978.
14 Reduced ill healthA study of health insurance statistics on over 2,000 people practicing the Transcendental Meditation programme over a 5-year period found that the Transcendental Meditation meditators consistently had less than half the hospitalization than did other groups with comparable age, gender, profession, and insurance terms. The difference between the Transcendental Meditation and non-Transcendental Meditation groups increased in older-age brackets. In addition, the Transcendental Meditation meditators had fewer incidents of illness in 17 medical treatment categories, including 87% less hospitalization for heart disease and 55% less for cancer.Reference I: Medical care utilisation and the Transcendental Meditation programme, Psychosomatic Medicine : 493ú507. Reference II: Reduced health care utilisation in Transcendental Meditation practitioners, presented at the conference of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, Washington, D.C., March 22, 1987.
15 Meta-analysis of Stress Reduction Programmes in Patients with High Blood Pressure5* p = .0002** p = .024321* **Blood PressureChange Scores-1Relaxation assisted biofeedback-2Simplebio-feedback-3ProgressivemuscularrelaxationStress mgt +-4relaxation-5TranscendentalMeditationRainforth M, Schneider R, Nidich S, et al: Stress Reduction Programs in Patients with Elevated Blood Pressure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Current Hypertension Reports 2007 
16 Personality and behaviour Benefits to behaviour are SPONTANEOUSHow you FEEL is the no. 1 health factorRediscovering the self, wholenessSome examples: dependency, relationshipsHardware upgrade: potentiates new software
17 Effect Size (standard deviations) Decreased Substance Dependence 19 studies on Transcendental Meditation, n>3,200Tobacco UseAlcohol UseIllicit Drug UseEffect Size (standard deviations)Treating and preventing alcohol, nicotine, and drug abuse through Transcendental Meditation: A review and statistical meta-analysis, Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly 11: 13-87, 1994.
18 Decreased Trait Anxiety Meta-analysis of 146 studies Muscle relaxEMG biofeedConcentrationRelax RespMantra MedT.M.PlaceboOther relaxOther medEffect Size (standard deviations)A statistical meta-analysis conducted at Stanford University of all available studies-146 independent outcomes-indicated that the effect of the Transcendental Meditation programme on reducing anxiety as a character trait was much greater than that of all other meditation and relaxation techniques, including muscle relaxation. This analysis also showed that the positive Transcendental Meditation result could not be attributed to subject expectation, experimenter bias, or quality of research design.Reference: Differential effects of relaxation techniques on trait anxiety: A meta-analysis, Journal of Clinical Psychology 45: , 1989.
19 Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, Vedic Tradition The big pictureMaharishi Mahesh Yogi, Vedic Tradition
20 Transcendental Meditation - technology of the Unified Field … it is the Unified Field of modern physics – the single substrate of everything in the universe including ourselves, our thoughts, and everything we do.Pure meditation, effective meditation, dhyan, is the process by which the mind settles to a state of silent wakefulness, the simplest state of awareness. This is "transcending". Transcending is the easiest, most natural, and most universal human ability. It is not a mental skill that has to be acquired, a philosophy that has to be mastered, an attitude that must be cultivated, or a state of control that has to held onto. It is something a five-year-old child can do without any difficulty. Indeed it is ease itself, by definition.Samadhi is a fourth state of consciousness as different from the waking state as waking is from dreaming, and dreaming from sleep. When we deprive ourselves of this naturally occurring state of consciousness the result is - stress, unhappiness and ill health.
21 Enlightenment Spontaneous right action Stress-free Complete fulfilment Absolute freedomNourishing everythingWhen, through regular transcending, samadhi, or pure consciousness, is permanently experienced 24/7, this is Enlightenment. CLICKThe enlightened woman or man does not make mistakes. Without trying or thinking about it, everything they do, say or even think is spontaneously, naturally, in accord with the entirety of natural law; and natural law supports their every need and desire. They nourish everything and everyone in their environment. CLICK Their nervous systems are so strong, stable, and flexible that as soon as a stress is incurred it is simultaneously eliminated: there is no lasting damage. CLICK This is a state of complete fulfilment, and CLICK absolute freedom.Far from the common misunderstanding, the enlightened man or woman is more passionate, more motivated, more energetic, more feeling, simply more ALIVE! The profound silence they experience, and identify with, is deep inside; and it naturally witnesses the surface activity.
22 A day-by-day study of a two-month assembly in Israel during August and September of 1983 showed that, on days when the number of participants at a peace-creating assembly was high, the intensity of an ongoing war in neighboring Lebanon decreased sharply. When the number of participants was high, war deaths in Lebanon dropped by 76%. (p<.0001). [The mathematical expression p<.0001 indicates that, as a result of standard mathematical analysis, the likelihood that this result could be attributed to chance variation in levels of fighting was less than 1 in 10,000. This amounts to a much higher confidence level than is typical in the social sciences.] Reference: Yale University Journal of Conflict Resolution 32: 776–812, 1988.
23 In this carefully controlled experiment, the coherence-creating group increased from 800 to 4,000 over the two-month period. Although violent crime had been steadily increasing during the first five months of the year, soon after the start of the study, violent crime (measured by FBI Uniform Crime Statistics) began decreasing and continued to drop until the end of the experiment (maximum decrease 23.3%), after which it began to rise again. The likelihood that this result could be attributed to chance variation in crime levels was less than two parts per billion (p < ). The drop in crime could not be attributed to other possible causes, including temperature, precipitation, weekends, and police and community anti-crime activities (Social Indicators Research 47: , 1999).
24 Progress towards international peace: “Super-Radiance” Effect -0.250.000.250.501.251.501.000.75Fairfield, Iowa, USAUtopia Assembly,YugoslaviaNetherlandsIsraelWashingtonD.C., USALebanonPeace/War Index (standard scores)Non-experimentalperiodFairfieldSeven Transcendental Meditation TM-Sidhi AssembliesP<10-19
25 Transcendental Meditation - the mind is like an ocean
35 Transcendental Meditation - what does it cost? Standard adult fee-high income £590 Income > £40,000Standard adult fee-middle income £490 Income > £25,000Standard adult fee-lower income £390 Income < £25,000Concessionary fee £290 Income < £15,000, unemployed andpeople on low incomeStudent fee £290 Full-time >18 with student cardUnder 18 fee £190 Full-time aged 10-18Under 10 fee % of appropriate adult fee for the main parentFamily fee – both parents working 2 x course fee applicable to average of incomes.Includes children <18 living with parents and learning within 3 months of each otherFamily fee – one parent working x course fee applicable to income.VIP and private instruction £1,180All the attention required over 6 monthsA sound strategic investmentRegistered educational charity Maharishi Foundation
36 Transcendental Meditation - coming to learn When you learn:Have enough time, few other commitmentsNot “under the influence”Please bring:One new white hankyTwo ripe fruitsSix or more cut flowers