Presentation on theme: "Transcendental Meditation & Health David W. Orme-Johnson, Ph.D. Former faculty Institute of Natural Medicine and Prevention Maharishi University of Management."— Presentation transcript:
Transcendental Meditation & Health David W. Orme-Johnson, Ph.D. Former faculty Institute of Natural Medicine and Prevention Maharishi University of Management Fairfield, IA 52557
Transcendental Meditation (TM ® ) is from the Vedic Tradition of India, the oldest continuous tradition of human knowledge.
TM is a key aspect of Ayur Veda, a complete traditional system of preventative medicine.
The Transcendental Meditation Technique “Yoga is the least excited state of consciousness, pure consciousness.” Yoga-Sutra 1.2 —Patanjali 250 BC
Forty Years of Research on the TM Technique
Restful Alertness Decreased Acute Stress Brain Coherence Decreased Chronic Stress Improved Cognitive Function Improved Stress Resilience Reduced Risk Factors Decreased Disease and Aging Systemic Effects of TM Body Rebalance TM Program Activity TM Balance of Rest and Activity Improved Self- Regulation
Baseline TM Practice FDG- PET (N = 3) Newberg, A., Travis, F., Wintering, N., Nidich, S., Alavi, A. & Schneider, R. Neural Imaging conference, Miami, Fl., 2006. FrontalIncreaseFrontalIncrease ThalamicDecreaseThalamicDecrease Basal Ganglia Decrease Decrease
Increased EEG Phase Synchrony During TM Ss: Control (12), TM (15) Functional integration of distant cortical activity to enhance flow of information and global binding of elements of experience. Hebert, Lehmann, Tan, Travis, & Arenander, Signal Processing, 85(11), 2213-2232, 2005 TM Control
Alexander, Rainforth, & Gelderloos, J Social Behavior & Personality, 6:189-247, 1991 00.51 Other Meditation Other Relaxation TM Effect Size (Standard Deviations) Increased Self-Actualization Meta-analysis of 42 studies
Intima-MedialThickness Adjusted mean changes in millimeters - 0.10 + 0.10 + 0.05 - 0.05 TM Health Education p <.038 0 Castillo- Richmond, et al.. Stroke 31: 568, 2000 Decrease in Carotid Atherosclerosis
Paul-Labrador etal, Arch Int Med,2006 Paul-Labrador etal, Arch Int Med, 2006 TM & Metabolic Syndrome
Rainforth, Schneider, Nidich, et al, Current Hypertension Reports 9:520-528, 2007 * p =.0002 * p =.0002 ** p =.02 Meta-analysis of Stress Reduction Programs in Patients with High Blood Pressure
Orme-Johnson, Psychosomatic Medicine 59: 493-507, 1987; Orme-Johnson & Herron, American Journal of Managed Care 3(1): 135-144. 1997 Decreased Medical Care Utilization Decreased Medical Care Utilization TM: N = 2000 over 5 years compared to normative data and matched controls
Other TM Age Doctor Visits Outpatient Visits/1000 Members 0–1819–3940+ 0 100 200 300 p <.0001 <.0001 Hospitalization 0 200 400 600 800 10001200Age 0–1819–3940+ p Patient Days/1000 Members D. Orme-Johnson, Psychosomatic Medicine, 49:493–507, 1987 Decreased Medical Care Utilization TM practitioners vs. the Norm
R. Herron, etal, J. Soc Behav Personality, 2001 Reduction in Health Care Cost Annual inflation-adjusted payments to private physicians for treatment Canada, >65 yrs age; all settings; N=163 p = 0.0017