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© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1 FIRST AID This lesson could save someone's life!
© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1 Why ??? You may never need it but when the time comes it is better to know what to do rather than not knowing what to do.
© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1 Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation It is dangerous to give CPR to anyone who is still breathing which is why training is done on a doll. You press on someone’s chest and breathe into someone’s mouth to keep them alive The chest compressions do the job of the heart – pushing blood around the body, the breathing gets oxygen into their lungs.
© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1 How to do CPR Call 999 30 compressions 2 breaths of life Repeat the cycle till you are to tired to carry on or professional help arrives. Better to do compressions then nothing.
© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1 To assess if a person is unconscious You spot someone lying on the pavement in the street on your way home from the shops. What questions would you ask yourself? > write a list > put your actions in order of importance+6 > check your list with the one on the next slide.
© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1 D is for Danger R is for Response What questions would you ask yourself? > Is it safe for me to approach the person? –– Is the person just asleep or drunk or fallen over? –– Why has no one else stopped? > Are they conscious? –– Can they hear my voice when I ask if they’re ok? –– Do they respond when I gently shake their shoulders? > If not, assume they’re unconscious.
© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1 1.Place your hand on the casualty’s forehead and gently tilt the head backwards. 2.Place two fingers on the tip of the casualty’s chin and lift the chin. If the person doesn’t respond, shout for help. Then open his or her airway so you can check if they are breathing… A is for Airway
© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1 When someone’s unconscious, the tongue goes floppy and can fall to the back of the throat. This may prevent air getting through.
© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1 But when the head is tipped back, the tongue is pulled forward, allowing air through. Simply opening the airway like this can save a life because it allows them to breathe.
© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1
Hello? Which service do you require? Ambulance Connecting you now…
© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1 > what’s your name? > what number are you calling from? > where are you? (Not sure? Describe landmarks.) > what has happened? > how many people have been hurt? > is anyone unconscious? > has anyone stopped breathing? > is anyone bleeding – if so, how badly? > are there any other hazards or dangers around?
© St John Ambulance 2011 | Registered charity no. 1077265/1 The main points again… > check for danger > try to get a response > open airway > check for breathing > if the casualty is breathing normally, put them in the recovery position > call 999 for ambulance.
1 One-Man Adult CPR. 2 Remember: CPR can save lives. Do it well. Do it right. And the victim gets a chance at life.
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