Presentation on theme: "MARRIAGE & FAMILY GCSE RELIGIOUS STUDIES UNIT A REVISION NOTES."— Presentation transcript:
1MARRIAGE & FAMILYGCSE RELIGIOUS STUDIES UNIT AREVISION NOTES
2Marriage & Family – Revision Checklist WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOWKeywordsWhy people get married/divorced?Christian views to marriage & what happens in a Christian marriage ceremonyChristian views to divorceHow Christians bring up their children – the importance of the familyMuslim views to marriage & what happens in a Muslim marriage ceremonyMuslim views on divorceHow Muslims bring up their children – the importance of the family.Views on Sex Before Marriage
3Keywords – How Many do you know? marriagecohabitationadulteryRe-marriagedivorcepromiscuityfaithfulnessExtended familyNuclear familyReconstituted family
4General Information – About Marriage & Divorce. Marriage Less Popular…Increase in cohabitationRise in DivorceCost of getting married is increasingDo not want to make a formal commitment
5Christianity & Marriage Get married needs to be in churchso legal ‘in eyes of God’Civil ceremony – legal e.g. beach/hotelVows love through all different experiencese.g. sickness/health/povertyRings Unending Love/It will never endReadings/Prayers couple are given Gods blessing
6Christianity & Marriage NBNOT ALL CHRISTIANS THINK THE SAME!!Roman Catholics – Service includes a mass & marriage is seen as a sacrament (something very holy)Orthodox Church – ‘Crowning – crowns are placed on the heads & this seen as Power of Holy Spirit.
7Christianity & Divorce AGAIN, ALL CHRISTIANS DO NOT THINK THE SAMEChurch of England – divorce socially acceptable but will not remarry divorced peopleRoman Catholics – Marriage vow cannot be broken So does not allow divorce. Annulment is acceptable.Non conformist Church – divorce people can remarry – up to minister. View that if you have made a mistake, you should not be punished forever.
8Christianity & Family Life View 1Family has roles e.g. Adam & EveGod made man, then woman as aCompanion. Woman tempted by serpenttherefore needs protectionView 2Man & Woman – made in ‘Image of God’.Therefore should have equal roles in family/work
9Christianity & Family Life – How to bring up their children. Baptized welcome into churchgiven godparentsParents pray with childrencelebrate festivalsChurch children should attend with parentsGo to Sunday SchoolCommunity Help with elderly/poor familiescelebrate festivals
10Islam & Marriage Purpose Everyone should marry and raise children e.g. Prophet MuhammadMarriage – social contract. Therefore should be arrangedMarriage – parents involved – but do not force marriageMuslims should marry another Muslim/ but Muslim men are permitted to marry Christians/Jews but children follow the religion of the father i.e. be brought up a Muslim
11Islam – Marriage Ceremony Mahr – groom agrees & pay sum of moneyto wifeNikah – contract between coupleImam leads prayers & reads from the Qur'anWalimah – celebration after marriage
12Islam & DivorceDo accept that sometimes divorce happens. But it is not approved.If marriage runs into problems;See parents who arranged marriageHusband can then tell wife he will divorce her 3 times over 3 month periodIf after this time – problems not solved & women not pregnant – DivorcedWife’s dowry is returned. Couple are then encouraged to re-marryNB if woman asks for divorce-she gets nothingHowever… need to go through British legal system – properly divorcedPolygamy – practice of having more than one wife – endorsed by Qu’ran but in non Muslim countries not legally allowed
13Islam & Family LifeFamily is one of God’s creations. Home-where Muslims learn essentialthings e.g. values/look after themselves/attitude to others.Parents – responsibility to bring up good Muslims, so they will;Pray with themRead them the Qu’ranCelebrate/learn about festivals e.g. Ramadan/EidExtended Family – Muslims support this. So will look after elderly relatives. Other family will live close e.g. cousins/uncles etc.Community support;Ummah – brotherhood of Muslims – support/help other MuslimsMosque – help marital problems/children in trouble/financial assistance
14Finally…Sex Before Marriage Christians think….DIFFERENTRoman Catholics – must happen only within marriage – otherwise a grave sinLiberal Protestants – allow cohabitation – prelude to marriage10 Commandments – ‘thou shall not commit adultery’ – therefore wrongMuslims think….Sex is only allowed with marriage - not allowed to cohabitateIn Muslim countries – severe penalties for adultery/cohabitation etc.Muslims must not lust after others – eg have to wear appropriate dress