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Human Rights A Right…………… Or a Privilege? The declaration of human rights states that everyone is born free and should be treated in the same way. Is.

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Presentation on theme: "Human Rights A Right…………… Or a Privilege? The declaration of human rights states that everyone is born free and should be treated in the same way. Is."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Human Rights A Right…………… Or a Privilege?

3 The declaration of human rights states that everyone is born free and should be treated in the same way. Is equal despite differences in colour, sex.. Has the right to a fair trial Has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty Has the right to privacy Has the right to asylum Has the right to a nationality Has the right to freedom of thought and conscience Must respect the rights of others. Everyone:

4 Is equal despite differences in colour, sex.. Has the right to a fair trial Has the right to be presumed innocent until proven guilty Has the right to privacy Has the right to asylum Has the right to a nationality Has the right to freedom of thought and conscience Must respect the rights of others. “It is no substitute for a home grown bill of rights but in medium terms, the convection will make a crucial contribution to improving this country” V i o l a t e d I hate You! I am not ashamed of my religion but sometimes I am scared. I want an abortion. No dogs, No black, No Irish. No dogs, No black, No Irish. I haven’t done anything….. Guilty Everyone: Post Available: Men need only apply. I want an abortion. I am not ashamed of my religion but sometimes I am scared. Post Available: Men need only apply. I want an abortion. No dogs, No black, No Irish. I hate You! I haven’t done anything….. Guilty No dogs, No black, No Irish. I hate You! I am not ashamed of my religion but sometimes I am scared.

5 Do you believe Human Rights exists?… ….In the home …. On the Street …Within the worlds most multicultural, multiethnic and most powerful country

6 In the USA you are not allowed to vote or buy alcohol until you are eighteen BUT You can be sentenced to death. By July 1991, there were 31 people under the age of 18 on death row in twelve American States.

7 A Hundred Years of Terror The Klux Klux Klan’s long history of violence grew out of the resentment and hatred that many white Southerners felt in the aftermath of the Civil War Blacks having won the struggle for freedom from slavery, were now faced with a new fight against widespread racism and the terrorism of the Klux Klux Klan. While the menace of the Klux Klux Klan has peaked and waned over the years, it has never vanished.

8 The Arms Trade And The Third World The Industrial world invests more in producing and buying weapons ($150 billion) each year than developing countries spend in a year for the education of the 800 million children they have enrolled in school. Asia and Sub Sahara Africa together have 840 million people living in absolute poverty and yet continue to spend heavily on arms: South Asia spend $19 billion and Sub – Sahara Africa spends 8 billion. Pakistan has a military budget that far exceeds its education budget. The total number of money collected by ‘Live Aid’ for Africa was $33 million. Global spending on the arms trade is $33 million every 20 minutes. Cost of one trident submarine is the same as the cost of a years schooling for 16 million children in the majority world.

9 The Arms Trade And The Third World "Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. The world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children... This is not a way of life at all, in any true sense. Under the cloud of threatening war, it is humanity hanging from a cross of iron." Former U.S. President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, in a speech on April 16, 1953

10 The Arms Trade The arms trade is a major cause of human rights abuses. Some governments spend more on military expenditure than on social development, communications infrastructure and health combined. While every nation has the right and the need to ensure its security, in these changing times, arms requirements and procurements may need to change too. What is truly unsettling is that the five permanent members of the UN Security Council, supposedly responsible for maintaining global peace and security, account for 85% of weapons exports. These countries are: The USA, Russia, Germany, The UK and France

11 The Third World The world continues to spend more on arms than it spends on anything else. In the past decade $8,000 billion was spent on arms — which could have provided all the people in the Third World with an income for three years. Six times as much public money in the world goes for research on weapons as for research on health protection.The Third World spends 66% more on the military than on education. There is one soldier per 240 people in the Third World, one doctor per 1,950. Yet the chance of dying from social neglect, malnutrition and preventable disease is 33 times greater than dying from war.

12 The Third World If redirected, the money consumed by the military could eliminate Third World poverty: Tornado GRI — Function: high level precision bomber. Producer: British Aerospace (UK). Cost: $40m. The price of five of these could feed 20 million Africans for one month. Patriot missile — Function: missile interceptor. Producer: Raytheon (US). Cost: $1 m per missile. The price of 23 of these could keep two million Mozambicans in seeds, clothes, pots and storage facilities for one year. Tomahawk Cruise Missiles — Function: nuclear capable missile. Producer: General Dynamics (US). Cost over $1.4m each. The price of five of these could run UK charity Save the Children’s budget for Ethiopia for one year

13 Campaign Against Arms Trade Campaign Against Arms Trade has been working since 1974 to stop the arms trade. It is working for the reduction and ultimate abolition of the international arms trade, together with progressive demilitarisation within arms-producing countries.

14 What wars used to be like…. Most wars in the 13 th century had the two opposing armies at opposite ends of a battlefield. Soldiers on both sides would form lines or ranks at each sides. Hand to hand combat was the norm. The winning side was the one with the most men at the end or a surviving King. What wars are like now… World War II was the first major war where the opposing sides did not always face each other. New tactics include air fighting, bombing of cities and other civilian targets and the use of submarines to attack Merchant Navy and Naval Ships. Atomic bombs mean that the effects of war can be physically seen among the people for many years to come.

15 Has There Ever Been a Just War? World War I, went against the rules of Just War number 2. The cause was not serious enough to justify the killing of innocent people. World War II, went against the rules of Just War number 6. The methods i.e. atomic bombs must be morally legitimate. Iraq went against the rules of Just War number 4. This war was not a last resort, negotiations had not been tried. Korea went against the rules of Just War number 3. It was not undertaken for the right reasons.

16 Do you think that there will ever be a just reason for war? NO Nothing can justify the killing of innocent people One side always benefits from war YES The war is preventing further evil Negotiations have failed

17 UN Convention on The Rights of Children The UN reaffirms the fact that children, because of their vulnerability need special care and protection. It places special emphasis on the primary caring and protective responsibility of the family. It also reaffirms the need for legal and other protection of the child before and after birth, the importance of respect for the cultural values of the child’s community and the vital role of international co-operation in securing children’s rights

18 “A picture speaks a thousand words”

19 Facts about Children in Third World Countries More than one third of children in the world under 5 years are very underweight. One child under 5 will die from hunger (or related illnesses) every 2.7 seconds! How many have died while you were reading this? By the end of 1999, the world had 11.2 million AIDS orphans. In South Africa, 1 million children under the age of 16 have HIV/AIDS.

20 125 million children aged between 6 and 11 years do not attend school. 100 million children are engaged in child labour, another 100 million are living on the streets and 2 million working as child prostitutes. More than 2 million children have been killed and another 6 million seriously injured or permanently disabled by war and the past 10 years. Facts about Children in Third World Countries

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22 UN Convention on The Rights of Children The UN reaffirms the fact that children, because of their vulnerability need special care and protection. It places special emphasis on the primary caring and protective responsibility of the family. It also reaffirms the need for legal and other protection of the child before and after birth, the importance of respect for the cultural values of the child’s community and the vital role of international co-operation in securing children’s rights

23 The Six Rules of Just War The war must be started and controlled by a ‘legitimate ruling authority’ such as a state. The cause must be serious enough to justify the amount of killing and suffering which a war causes. It must be undertaken with the right intention of producing a long and lasting peace. There should be a reasonable hope of success.

24 The Six Rules of Just War War should only be a last resort when all other peaceful methods have been exhausted. The methods used in the war must be morally legitimate. The innocent must not be killed in indiscriminate slaughter and must not result in disproportionate evils to the home, enemy or international community.

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26 When Alfred B. Nobel, the Swedish Chemist and Engineer who invented dynamite died in 1896 he left $9million in his will to establish the Nobel Prizes which are awarded annually without regard to nationality, religion or ethnicity, in six areas; Peace, Literature, Physics, Chemistry, Physiology/Medicine and Economic Science. He dedicated the prizes “To those who, during the preceding year, shall have conferred the greatest benefit on mankind.”

27 Who would you nominate for a Nobel Peace Prize? Mark Durkan, SDLP leader; “I would nominate Bono because of his commitment to tackling poverty, deprivation and disease in the developing world. He has been a powerful voice for civil and human rights on behalf of people who may not otherwise have been heard and deserves great respect for the way he has tirelessly pursued his goals at the highest levels.” Conor Macauley, Senior Broadcast Journalist for BBC;” The people who deserve the peace prize most of all are those who did their best in terribly difficult circumstances; who raised families to respect others when teaching hatred would have been a much easier option; who went out of their way to maintain good community relations when distrust was rife and who resisted the temptation to always side with the tribe.” John Hume MEP “There are so many worthy individuals and organisations which would deserve to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize that I could not single out one. However, I would put at the top of my list a commitment to dialogue, diversity and tolerance and to combating injustice if I were to decide.”

28 It’s a life changing award and throws its winner onto the World stage, whether they had or had not been famous prior to receiving such a huge accolade

29 This year’s winner… Shirin Ebadi won the Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts for democracy and human rights. At the age of 22, Shirin graduated from the Faculty of Law, Tehran University. From she was the first female Iranian judge. In 1979 the Iranian revolution forced her to resign and start work as an attorney. In 1994 she helped found the Society for Protecting the Child’s Rights in Iran. Shirin was awarded a plate by Human Rights Watch in 1996

30 In 2000 she became an attorney for families of writers and intellectuals who were victims of “serial murders” in Later that year she was arrested and imprisoned for “disturbing public opinion” in relation to her work on the serial murder cases. In 2001 Shirin was awarded the Rafto Prize, a Human Rights Prize in Norway. In 2003 Shirin Ebadi received the Nobel Peace Prize. She was the 3rd Muslim and the 11th woman to win this award. Shirin Ebadi

31 Think about who you think deserves a Nobel Peace Prize We have nominated Bono for his recent service to peace. He has used his popularity as a well known celebrity to get his point and opinion across and so help those less fortunate and persuade other people to do the same


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