4Who do we catalogue for? Patrons in the library Staff of the library The home/remote user.(Not necessarily a local user)
5The ‘next-generation’ catalogue Acts less like an inventory list and more like a finding aid.With the advent of the Internet, people’s expectations regarding search and access to information has changed.GOOGLEhas become a verb!
6RDA is on the way!RDA is the new international cataloguing standard that will replace AACR2Scheduled to be published in June 2010.Final report of ‘testing institutions’ will be shared with the U.S. library community in October 2010
7RDA explainedRDA is a set of guidelines that indicates how to describe a resource, focusing on the pieces of information (or attributes) that users most likely need to know.RDA facilitates the description of relationships between related resources and between resources and persons or bodies that contributed to creation of that resource
8AACR2 Anglo created for an English-speaking audience New rules needed because cataloguing now has an international audience
9International interest in the subject of cataloguing
10The cataloguing community is at a Crossroads navigating the transition from years of creating bib records using the AACR rules within a print dominant environment to RDA,a new content standard that reaches beyond the library domain to cover all types of content and media.
11Why change to RDA?The bib record will reflect changes to optimize the use of the library catalogue as an online product.RDA provides guidelines on cataloguing digital resources and will improve searching and browsing for usersRDA supports the clustering of bibliographic records to show relationships between works and their creators to make us more aware of the work's different editions, translations, or physical formats.RDA will enable libraries to keep up with other information providers such as Amazon, Indigo, Library Thing etc.
12Don’t stress!Cataloguers will interact with RDA as a fully interactive and customizable online tool.Don’t stressThere will be different ways to access RDA:through searching or browsing the contents of the ‘RDA toolkit’through the existing MARC tag, orthrough schemas that guide you through the process of creating a record. (templates)Integration with cataloguing systems is planned so that you will be able to click through from your cataloguing system to the RDA instruction for the data you are inputting.
13Ease of useRDA will feature schemas which will be freely downloadable. The schemas are record templates of sorts, expressing the data structure for a recordSchemas will include a display of controlled vocabulary with definitions.RDA ‘rules’ will be online and searchable in many different ways. No more trying to remember what Rule 1.1F5 says…There will be an -based support system when the online help fails youSome in the profession see RDA as a way of ‘dumbing down’ the cataloging process, making it possible for people with little or no training to catalogue. However, any cataloguer MUST maintain a sound knowledge of cataloguing before applying RDA or any other rule set.
14AACR2 RDA toolkit AACR2 Rule Number Search of RDA instructions Full text of AACR2 with links to RDA
15How much will RDA cost?A subscription model is currently being developed by the co-publishers: American Library Association, Canadian Library Association and the Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (U.K.).$325 U.S. for the first user (annual subscription price) 2 to 9 concurrent users will be charged an additional $55 for each designated user For example: An institution like HPL that designates 8 additional users will be charged $765. per year ($325 plus 8 times $55)Purchase price in countries other than the U.S. will be announced on the RDA-L listserv.
16RDA detractors!There is evidence that many in the library world do not support the implementation of RDA and the next generation of the library cataloging rules.Why? Cost factors and concern about the extra training needed for cataloguers.If it ain’t broke, then don’t fix it mentality… Resistance to change.Resource:
17What RDA will NOT do…RDA will have NO influence on presently used classification schemes (Dewey is still king at Halifax Public Libraries!)
18RDA and authority workMaintaining the integrity of your catalogue’s name and subject authority files will remain as important after RDA as before. Collocation remains important!But it will impact on your library’s authority records…There will be new data elements in the MARC 21 Authority Format that would be needed to support RDA detail withrespect to dates, places and several other elements associated with the entity for which the record was made.
19RDA can be used with MARC RDA can be used with many metadata platforms including MARC codingChanges to MARC21 are being made to accommodate new RDA data elementsYou will notice that MARC bibliographic records are longer after RDA than they are now… but the longer marc record will display in a more concise and efficient manner.
20Changes to MARC with RDA GMD (general material designation) will no longer be input in the $h subfield of the 245 marc tag. GMD will be replaced by: Content type, Media type, and Carrier type.Content type terms will be input in a 336 tag Example: 336 $a two-dimensional moving image $2 rdacontentMedia type terms will be input in a 337 tag Example: 337 $a video $2 rdamediaCarrier type terms will be input in a 338 tag Example: 338 $aVideodisc.$2rdacarrierThere will be new 007 and 008 codesNew field (marc tag 011) in the bib and authority formats to identify which of the FRBR entities is represented by the record Example: 011 $aFrench translation.$2rdaRead slide
21Input changes re: Main entry With AACR2 if the work has more than 3 authors, or if the work has 3 authors AND has a collective title, then we useTITLE MAIN ENTRY.With RDA the first author gets the main entry (regardless of how many)
22[Square brackets] and typos With RDA we will use square brackets only for information not found in the item, regardless of source within the item.With RDA "[sic]" or bracketed additional letters will no longer be used after typos. Create 246 with corrected title spellings.
23Uniform TitlesThe purpose of uniform titles now is to identify, distinguish and collocate titles to maintain the consistency so important to cataloguing.RDA may change this. RDA uses terms like: preferred title and authorized access point.RDA-L the listserv for discussion of RDA presently has a thread on this topic.
24Some changes that are being made to catalogues pre-RDA The ‘Rule of Three’has been made optional.This antiquated rule wascreated in the days of thecard catalogue when spacewas limited.With an online environmentwe can trace as manyauthors as we want!(The more access the better!)RDA states that statements of responsibility will be recorded as found.
25Subject headings are being updated Inverted headings are gradually being changed to direct orderExample: Body, human is now Human bodyAntiquated terms are being updated to modern jargonExample: Cookery will change to Cooking
26655 Genre headings are used more Unlike 650 subject headings which tell the user what the material is ‘about’, genre headings tell the user what the material ‘is’.Examples: $aMystery fiction.$2gsafd655 7 $aEssays.$2lcsh655 7 $aFilmed operas.$2lcsh
27More ‘formatted’ contents notes Formatted contents notes will enable the user to find individual works within works. Example: you could do a title search for the song “Beautiful day” by U Example: you could do a title search for “The yellow wallpaper” (a short story found only in a short story anthology)505 $tBeautiful day /$rU2 --$tPenny Lane /$rBeatles --$tOne headlight /$rWallflowers.
28With RDA -Relator terms will be used When tracing names in 700 tags we will be using relator terms. (input in a subfield e)These relator terms will be spelled out and not input as abbreviations as they are now.Examples:$aSmith, Chester.$esinger$aDouglas, Keith.$econductor$aManning, Ruth.$eco-authorRead slide
29Examples of RDA terminology AACR2 termsHeadingMain entryAdded entryAuthorized headingSee referencesUniform titleElementsRDA termsAccess pointAuthorized access pointVariant access pointsPreferred access pointFRBR attributesIt is ALL about ACCESS!
31Punctuation and Capitalization AACR2 dictated that certain marks of punctuation (such as ellipsis) should be replaced with other marks of punctuation.RDA specifies that punctuation should be transcribed exactly as it appearsAACR2 rules of capitalization no longer applyRDA specifies that capitalization should be transcribed exactly as it appears
32Abbreviations being eliminated Birth/death dates will no longer be denoted by b. or d.Bible subject headings will no longer hold the abbreviations for New and Old Testament (N.T. & O.T.)In the 250 tag there will be no abbreviations used (1st ed., Rev. ed., etc.)In the 260 tag the abbreviation Dept. will be replaced with the word Department ; Co. will be replaced with Company, etc.In the 300 tag there will be no more abbreviations such as: col., sd., geneal., b&w etc…The abbreviation ca. will be replaced with the word approximatelyThe abbreviation i.e. will be replaced with the words ‘that is’Latin references S.l. (sine loco, for without place) S.n. (sine nomine, without name) will no longer be used in the 260 tag.
33Catalogue searching will be KEYWORD driven Searches will perform much like Google searches do because they will use keywords to guide the searchThe search results will be ranked for relevancyUsers will have the option to further refine their search resultsRead slide.
34What is FRBR? (ferber)Functional Requirements of Bibliographic RecordsFRBR is an evolving conceptual model designed to help users easily navigate catalogs and find the material they want in the form they want it – be that print, DVD, audio, or adaptations.FRBR considers that each work has a unique entry point and from that you can then describe that work in its various formats.
35New acronymsFRAD - Functional Requirements for Authority Data (the new basis for instructions on authority control).FRSAR – Functional Requirements for Subject Authority Records.
36FRBR… Three groups In other words: Title, author, subject The first group comprises the products of intellectual or artistic endeavour that are named or described in bib records: work, expression, manifestation, and item.The second group comprises those entities responsible for the intellectual or artistic content, the physical production and dissemination, or the custodianship of such products: person and corporate body.The third group comprises an additional set of entities that serve as the subjects of intellectual or artistic endeavour: concept, object, event, and place.In other words: Title, author, subjectRead slide.
37How does FRBR relate to RDA? FRBR provides the conceptual foundation for RDARDA will include the FRBR terminology Example: the names of bibliographic entities: “work”, “expression”, “manifestation”, and “item”)Read slide
38FRBR example The FRBR model can be used to present options to users in a more clear and user-friendly manner.Would it not be easier to see one basic overview record for “Jane Eyre” and choices for versions and availability rather than a long list of records of different editions of Jane Eyre with not much information on the initial hit list page to differentiate them?Read slide.
40Manifestations are what we typically catalogue. U.S. edition (Random House)British edition (Hodder & Stoughton)These are manifestations of the regular print expressionLarge print editon (Thorndike Press)Large print editon (Chivers Press)These are manifestations of the large print expressionBook on CD (Macmillan Audio)Book on CD (Blackstone Audiobooks)These are manifestations of the sound recording expression
41RDA/FRBR example = Jane Eyre (clustering) Search term = Jane Eyre = ResultsNote the effective use of icons!
42Jesse Shera's Two Laws of Cataloguing: Law #1 No cataloguer will accept the work of any other cataloguer.Law #2 No cataloguer will accept his/her own work six months after the cataloguing. University of Illinois, Graduate School of Library Science. Dec
43A quote from one of my co-workers To err is human.To find your OWN mistakes before anyone else does…. that is truly divine.