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1 The Reformed Church of England. 2 Fidei Defensor, ‘Defender of the faith’

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Presentation on theme: "1 The Reformed Church of England. 2 Fidei Defensor, ‘Defender of the faith’"— Presentation transcript:

1 1 The Reformed Church of England

2 2 Fidei Defensor, ‘Defender of the faith’

3 3

4 4 Henry VIII Clergy privilege removed Praemunire reinstated Act of Annates (papal levy) Restraint of Appeals Peter’s Pence, eccl. appointments Act of Succession, Annates II Treasons and Supremacy Acts Dissolution of the Monasteries – 1536

5 5 The Protestant Succession – Henry VIII to Edward VI Protestant Succession: Henry VIII – Edward VI

6 6 Edward VI Mary I Elizabeth I

7 7 Elizabeth I ( ) Act of Supremacy Act of Uniformity

8 8 Doctrine 39 Articles Liturgy Book of Common Prayer Canon Law Reformatio Reformatio legum ecclesiasticarum

9 9 Reformation Theologians MuntzerLutherCranmer ZwingliCalvinClement VII

10 10 The Church of England Protestant Roman Catholic = via media? John Henry Newman ( )

11 11 Peter Martyr Vermigli John Jewel & ‘Marian Exiles’ Martin Bucer Heinrich Bullinger Geneva Bible ‘Stranger Churches’ Reformed Church of England

12 12 The Geneva Bible (1560)

13 13 Peter Martyr Vermigli John Jewel & ‘Marian Exiles’ Martin Bucer Heinrich Bullinger Geneva Bible ‘Stranger Churches’ Reformed Church of England

14 Calvinism in England Sixteenth Century Translations of Calvin's Work into Foreign Vernaculars 14

15 Calvinism in England Editions in English of Works by Continental Reformers and Leading English Authors 15

16 16 ‘I believe there is no liturgy in the world, either in ancient or modern language, which breathes more of a solid, scriptural, rational piety than the Common Prayer of the Church of England.’ John Wesley ‘The finest sight short of heaven would be a whole congregation using the prayers of the Liturgy in the true spirit of them.’ If all men could pray at all times as some men can sometimes, then indeed we might prefer extempore to precomposed prayers.’ Charles Simeon

17 17 Vernacular, spoken English Biblical Incorporates the best of old and new Grace and Law For clergy and laity Brevity & compactness

18 18 Sarum Missal, 1418

19 19 ‘SARUM USE’ OLD SERVICE BOOKS Breviary Missal Manual Pontifical BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER Morning & Evening Prayer, Litany, Psalter Holy Communion, Collects, Epistles & Gospels Occasional Offices: Baptism, Marriage, Burial, Visitation of Sick, Churching Confirmation, ordinal

20 20 Sources of the Book of Common Prayer i. English medieval services (especially Sarum use) ii. Early Eastern & Gallican services (Gloria in Excelsis, Prayer of St. Chrysostom, Doxology to Lord’s Prayer) iii. Foreign Reformers’ works (especially Hermann, Abp. Cologne- under Bucer & Melanchthon. Also works by Pollanus & Laski) iv. English Reformers’ works (especially Cranmer)

21 21 Church of England Doctrine 10 Articles – 1536 Bishops’ Book – Articles – 1539 King’s Book – Articles – 1552 (Ed VI) 39 Articles – 1563 (Eliz I)

22 22 Six Articles (1539)

23 23 Church of England Doctrine 10 Articles – 1536 Bishops’ Book – Articles – 1539 King’s Book – Articles – 1552 (Ed VI) 39 Articles – 1563 (Eliz I)

24 24 39 Articles v Roman Catholics v Puritans v Anabaptists Articles 1–8 "The Catholic Faith“ Articles 9–18 "Personal Religion“ Articles 19–31 "Corporate Religion“ Articles 32–39 "Miscellaneous." Archbishop Matthew Parker

25 25 ‘A Booke of Christian Prayers’, Richard Day (1578)


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