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Industrial Revolution Biographies First Period. Andrew Carnegie.

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Presentation on theme: "Industrial Revolution Biographies First Period. Andrew Carnegie."— Presentation transcript:

1 Industrial Revolution Biographies First Period

2 Andrew Carnegie

3 Background Andrew Carnegie was born in Dunferminland, Fife, Scotland, UK Died August, 11, 1919 at the age of 83 Cause of Death was Bronchia Pneumonia

4 INFORMATION Andrew Carnegie is remembered for two achievements: making enormous amounts of money as one of America's most successful industrialists, and then giving most of that money away. By 1881, the steel manufacturing plant he had built in Braddock, Pennsylvania, was twice as much as Britain's largest steel company. Steel made him wealthy almost beyond belief. In 1901, he sold what was then the Carnegie Steel Company to J.P. Morgan for $480 million — $10.6 billion in today's dollars.

5 Andrew Carnegie Pictures

6 Elizabeth Cady Stanton (November 12, 1815 – October 26, 1902 age 86)

7 Elizabeth was known For… was an American social activist, abolitionist, presented at the first women's rights convention held in 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, is often credited with initiating the first organized woman's rights and woman's suffrage, New York, movements in the United States. She was the 8th of 11 kids, was born in Johnstown, New York.

8 Early Life Early Life Sorry couldn’t find a young picture of Elizabeth Five of her siblings died in early childhood. The sixth sibling, her oldest brother Eleazar, died at age 20 just before his graduation from Union College in Schenectady, New York. Only Elizabeth and her four sisters lived into adulthood and old age. Later in her life, Elizabeth named her two daughters after two of her sisters, Margaret and Harriot.

9 Education She attended Johnstown Academy She could not graduate there and in stead went to Troy Female Seminary in Troy, New York

10 Early Women's Rights Movements In 1848, Elizabeth Stanton joined Mott, Mott's sister Martha Coffin Wright, and a group of other women in Seneca Falls. Together they put together the first women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls on July 19- 20. Elizabeth Stanton drafted a Declaration of Sentiments, which she read at the convention, Elizabeth Stanton's declaration proclaimed that men and women are created equal. She proposed, among other things, and then demanding voting rights for women.

11 Timeline of Elizabeth’s life Nov. 12, 1815: Elizabeth Cady Stanton is born 1851: Elizabeth Cady Stanton meets Susan B. Anthony 1866: Elizabeth and Susan help establish American Equal Rights Association, which was to get voting rights for African Americans and women. 1920: Fourteen years after Susan B. Anthony's death, the 19th amendment allowed women to vote, as of August 26.

12 By Tori and Ryanna

13 Who? Born on June 12 th, 1833 in Dayton,Ohio. His parents were Abram and Susan Weaver. They had 13 children and James was the oldest. Abram was a farmer so they family had to move a lot because of the farming. James Baird Weaver

14 Known for… He was a populist. In 186 he elected into the United States House of Representatives from Iowa’s 6 th district.

15 Presidential Candidacies He ran for president two times. Once in 1880 for the 1880 presidential election. Weaver helped find the Populist Party. In 1892 he was the presidential candidate for the Populist Party. He was unsuccessful for both elections.

16 John D. Rockefeller he was born July 8, 1839 he lived to May 23, 1937 Rockefeller revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy. he was born July 8, 1839 he lived to May 23, 1937 Rockefeller revolutionized the petroleum industry and defined the structure of modern philanthropy.

17 John Rockefeller,satirized in a 1901 puck cartoon, is enthroned Rockefeller as an industrial emperor, 1901 cartoon from Puck magazine

18 Born/early years July 8, 1839 – May 23, 1937 Richford newyork usa Rockefeller was the second of six children born in Richford, New York, to William Avery Rockefeller (November 13, 1810 – May 11, 1906) and Eliza Davison (September 12, 1813 – March 28, 1889).

19 He did/was... an American industrialist Chairman of Standard Oil Company; investor; philanthropist Rockefeller formed Standard Oil of Ohio, which rapidly became the most profitable refiner in Ohio.

20 died May 23, 1937 (aged 97) Rockefeller spent the last 40 years of his life in retirement

21 Poem about his life I was early taught to work as well as play, My life has been one long, happy holiday; Full of work and full of play- I dropped the worry on the way- And God was good to me everyday.

22 J.P Morgan By: Taylor Burns

23 Who: John Pierpont Morgan

24 Birth and Death J.P Morgan was born April 17 th 1837. Hartford, Connecticut To mother: Juliet Pierpont Morgan To Father: Junius Spencer Morgan In Rome, Italy at age 75 he died of natural causes in his sleep, on May 31 st, 1913.

25 Family Mother: Juliet Pierpont Morgan Father: Junius Spencer Morgan Wife: Amelia Sturges, who died in 1862. Wife: Frances Lousia Tracy Daughters: Lousia Pierpont Morgan Juliet Morgan Anne Morgan Son: John Pierpont Morgan

26 Education Morgan went to Hartford Public School and then went to the Episcopal Academy in Cheshire, Connecticut. He toke and passed a exam to get into English High School of Boston. (A school for young men in mathematics.)

27 Known For? Being one of he most influential backers in the history. Made the company J.P Morgan & Company J.P Morgan brought together Europe and the U.S. He put together those who had money with those who needed money.

28 What happened to his business now? When he passed away his business and fortune of $80 million was passed down to his son. His business is strong and good as ever, and is still up and running.


30 WHO!? Marry Harris Jones, affectionately known as ‘Mother Jones’

31 What!? Mother Jones started out as a teacher and in her later fifties, decided to be a labor organizer. She was a radical supporter of mineworkers. She helped them to be recognized of their importance. She gave support to mineworker’s wives and families while the mineworkers were at work

32 When?!? From her late fifties to the day she died

33 Why?!? Mother Jones had a huge interest in labor issues and radical politics.

34 End!

35 Samuel Gompers

36 Samuel Gompers born in January, 27, 1850. He founded the American Federation of Labor which worked for better working conditions. He was born in a Jewish family in London England.

37 EARLY LIFE First he became apprentice as a shoe maker, than as cigar maker until his family immigrated to America, New York. He become part of the cigar-maker national union (his dad was cigar maker to) and soon become president of it. He wanted everyone to become part of it since capitalist keep lowering wages.

38 Most of Samuel Gompers actions were for better wages. Like opposing immigration because it lowered wages, or the annexation Hawaii and Philippines since it can exploit cheap labor.

39 Samuel Gompers was mostly Samuel Gompers was mostly influential character that worked so people would have an “American Quality” of a living. He had the AFL going very well. He died in December 13, 1924.



42 Jason Gould ( also known as Jay Gould)

43 Jay Gould is known as an American financier and a American railroad executive. He owned and controlled the system of New York elevated railways. Jay Gould made a fortune by controlling the price of the stocks. He later became one of the most important businessmen in America. Jay Gould became the 9 th richest man in American history.

44 Parents: His parents were: John Burr Gould (1792-1866) and Mary More Gould (1798-1841) Gould's father was of British colonial ancestry, and his mother of Scottish ancestry. His father was a farmer and a store keeper. marriage: 1863 Marriage to Helen Day Miller (1838-1889) they had five children, named: George Jay Gould, Edwin Gould, Helen Gould, Anna Gould, and Frank Jay Gould. facts on parents and marriage:

45 Birth: May 27 th 1836 Major accomplishments: In 1856 Published The History of Delaware County, and Border Years of New York.  in 1867 Jay Gould fought for control of the Erie railroad, and won.  1868 Jay Gould becomes president of Erie railroad.  1869, Jay Gould begin to purchase gold in order to corner the market  1872 Jay Gould is forced to resign from the Erie railroad board and is replaced Death: December 2 nd, 1892 Then in 1888 diagnosed with the tuberculosis that would kill him within four years

46 Jay Gould’s birthplace is in Roxbury, New York Locations for major accomplishments: He published the history of Delaware county in New York He fought for the Erie railroad in New York. Death location- Jay Gould died in New York. He was buried in Woodlawn cemetery in Bronx, New York

47 He grew up on a farm They were a poor family. He realized at a young age, that farm work was not his favorite. He received education in a local school. After leaving school at the age 16 he went to work for his father in the hardware business. Then at a lumber tanning business in western New York. He taught his self surveying and mathematics When Gould was between the ages of 18 and 20 he helped prepare maps of New York’s southern countries At age 21 Jay Gould invested five thousand dollars In 1856 he published history of Delaware county, and border wars of New York, he had spend several years writing it. 1860-Gould moved to New York and became a leather merchant He later became a stockbroker in wall street. 1863- got married Jay Gould becomes president of Erie Railway in 1868 Additional info :

48 The farmhouse built by Jay’s grandfather in 1789. Here Jay Gould was born in 1836. Only the front portion of the home, existed in Jay’s time.

49 Black Friday In August 1869, Jay Gould began to purchase gold in order to corner the market. Gould hoped that by cornering the market on gold, they could drive up the price of gold, that drives up the price of wheat, causing western farmers to increase their bread stuffs to the east, which would travel on the Erie railroad owned by jay Gould. In order to make this happen, jay Gould contacted President Ulysses S. Grant's brother-in-law, Abel Corbin, and to try to influence the president and his Secretary General Horace Porter. Although Gould's plan worked and gave him great profits, he however lost most of it in the lawsuit, and it cost him his reputation.

50 Jay Gould was important, because even though he was known as a robber baron, he did build new railway systems, and helped America back then with his deals, and purchases.

51 Jay Gould left $77 million for his family in 1892, before he died, at age 56.


53 Jay gould Born may 27 th,1836 Became a finacier and an industrialist The internet Circle map: Was the 9 th richest man in American history Died on December 2, 1892 Jay Gould’s real name is Jason Gould.

54 Susan B. Anthony By: Caleb Ross In association with Mark Pickering

55 Early Life Susan B. Anthony was born on February 15, 1820. She was born in Adams. Maryland. When she was 25, her and her family moved to Rochester, New York. She received her early education in a school maintained by her father. From the time when 17 to 32 she had taught in various schools. In 1856 she became an agent for the American Anti –Slavery Society.

56 Family Susan b. Anthony is the second oldest out of seven children. Her brothers were Daniel and Jacob. Her sisters Guelma, Hannah, Mary, and Eliza. Her mother and father were Daniel an Lucy Anthony. Her father was a cotton manufacture and a abolitionist. Her mother was a teacher and right’s activist. Birth Place

57 About her At the age of three she learned how to read and write. In 1826 she attended a local district school in Battenville, New York. After having a poor education she joined a home school group. In 1837, Susan was sent to Deborah Moulson's Female Seminary In 1851 she joined an “Women's state temperance society” with here life long friend Elizabeth Cady Stanton. She never married.

58 Death Susan B. Anthony died on March 13,1906. Susan remained in Rochester, where she died of heart disease and pneumonia in her house at 17 Madison Street. Susan B. Anthony, who died 14 years before passage of the 19th Amendment giving women the right to vote, was honored as the first real (non-allegorical) American woman on circulating U.S. coinage with her appearance on the Susan B. Anthony dollar. The coin, approximately the size of a U.S. quarter, was minted for only four years, 1979, 1980, 1981, and 1999. Anthony dollars were minted for circulation at the Philadelphia and Denver mints for all four years, and at the San Francisco mint for the first three production years. She was also featured on U.S. commemorative stamps in 1936 and 1954.19th Amendmentnon-allegoricalU.S. coinageSusan B. Anthony dollarcoinquarterPhiladelphiaDenver mintsSan Francisco mint Copy and Pasted



61 Did You Know? Thomas Edison lost almost all his hearing at 12. Thomas began to work as a telegraph operator when he was about 24. Thomas invented the phonograph in 1877. “Of all my inventions, I liked the phonograph best...." quote Thomas Edison He did not learn to talk until he was almost four years old. At school, Thomas was called “addled” or slow by his teacher. He was then home schooled by his mother, previously a teacher, after she pulled him out.

62 Thomas Edison Thomas Alva Edison was known for his amazing invention of the light bulb. Thomas Edison wanted the public to use and like his invention, like the telegraph, so he tried to create something in that category. His first invention was the phonograph. This brought him great fame because it was the first machine to record and reproduce sound. He first wondered if it could record sound since the telegraph could send it. He added a stylus and then was surprised by the fact that it recorded “Mary Had a Little Lamb”. It has a mouthpiece and when spoken into, the vibrations from your voice will be played with a needle that would then engrave it into a cylinder. It has one needle for the recorder and one needle for the player, both having the needles engraving vibrations into a tinfoil cylinder.

63 Early Life and Family He was born to Samuel and Nancy Edison, youngest of seven, and survived to be adults along with four other siblings. Samuel Ogden Edison Jr., the father of Thomas Alva Edison, was born on August 16, 1804 in Canada. Nancy Mathews Elliott, the mother of Thomas Alva Edison, married Samuel on September 12, 1828 and had seven children. Thomas had 6 siblings named Marion, William, Callie, Harriet, Samuel & Eliza. Unfortunately, only Thomas and three other siblings survived to adulthood. When he was 12, he loss most of his hearing, but isn’t considered deaf. At 13, he was a newsboy selling newspaper and candy on the local railroad. Thomas Edison saved a 3 year old from being ran over by a train. This young boy was the son of a telegraph operator. Since the father was so grateful, he taught Edison railroad telegraphy. He then worked as a telegraph operator later that winter. At the age of 16, he worked as a telegrapher full time.

64 Later in Life… … Edison got married to Mary Stilwell on December 25, 1871 and had three children. …Mary Edison died on August 9, 1884, most likely from a brain tumor. … On February 24, 1886, Edison, at the age of 39, remarried to Mina Miller and also had three children. Mina died on August 24, 1947 several years after Edison’s death.

65 When: birth major accomplishments death Feb 11, 1847 Oct. 18th, 1931 in New Jersey at the age of 84 years. He invented the first light bulb in 1879 He invented the first incandescent light.

66 Where: birth, major accomplishments, death Born in Milan, Ohio Died in West Orange, New Jersey Menlo Park, New Jersey was were he created the first incandescent light.

67 Why is Thomas Edison important? Thomas Edison created a long lasting light bulb, which is better than using a candlelight or an oil lamp. His invention of the phonograph brought him fame because it’s a machine that is able to capture sound and reproduce it using the telegraph as a base and evolved into two needles and cylinders catching the vibrations. His inventions were brilliant and made some lives easier.



70 MASS PRODUCTION Built and drove race cars early in his career to demonstrate that his engineering designs produced reliable vehicle. By 1918, half of all cars in America were Model. 1926: Toolbox for the Model T Roadster. 1924:Ford cars by the Highland Park plant.

71 Since his immigration, in 1847, from County Cork Ireland to the burgeoning country village of Dearborn, Michigan; William Ford had worked hard. By the summer of 1863 he had married Mary Litogot (1861) and stood as a prosperous farmer as well as a respected community leader. On July 30, 1863 William and Mary's eldest surviving child was born. The couple named him Henry.

72 Edsel and Eleanor's marriage led to the birth of the Fords' four grandchildren, Henry II (1917), Benson (1919), Josephine (1923), and William Clay (1925). The first, Henry Ford II, instantly became a fixture at Fair Lane. 1873: Miller School - Henry attended the school from 1873-74.

73 Harry Fergusen, Henry Ford, Edsel Ford, Charles Sorensen, George B. Sherman, J.L. Williams, and Eber C. Sherman. (Left to right)

74 Henry Ford's Parents: William Ford - 1826 - 1905, Mary (Litogot) Ford - 1839 - 1876Henry Ford's Parents: William Ford - 1826 - 1905, Mary (Litogot) Ford - 1839 - 1876 Henry Ford's Parents: William Ford - 1826 - 1905, Mary (Litogot) Ford - 1839 - 1876Henry Ford's Parents: William Ford - 1826 - 1905, Mary (Litogot) Ford - 1839 - 1876 William Ford - 1826 - 1905, Mary (Litogot) Ford - 1839 - 1876 1860: Henry's father, William Ford. 1865: Henry's mother, Mary Litogot Ford. 1888:Clara Bryant

75 Died-April 7,1947 At the age of 83 Henry Ford died of a cerebral Hemorrhage and was Buried in the Ford Cementery in Detroit. Born-July 30,1863 In Dearborn, Michigan, United States, in what was then known as SpringwellsTownship.

76 Henry Ford shocked the automotive world 60 years ago by doing the impossible -- mass-producing the V-8 engine. Here he is shown with his first "production" engine which is now displayed in the Henry Ford Museum in Dearborn MI. A brass tag on the first engine reads: "This is V-8 No. 1 motor. Hold for Mr. H. Ford." Henry Ford with Model T in Buffalo, NY, 1921

77 At the Henry Ford Museum: The only remaining prototype of R. Buckminster Fuller’s Dymaxion House




81 He was born on March 19, 1860. He died on July 26, 1925.

82 He was a populist in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. With his faith in the goodness and rightness of the common people he was called “ The Great Commoner.”

83 He was born in Little Egypt, Illinois. He died in his drive to Chattooga to Dayton on his way to a church session. He had a meal and died in his sleep from diabetes and fatigue.


85 When he was fourteen in 1874 he attended revival, was baptized and joined the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. William say when he was baptism was the most important day of his life. Until his age of 10 he was home schooled. His parents were Silas and Mariah Elizabeth Bryan.

86 For the next 25 years Bryan was the most popular Chautauqua Speaker, delivering thousands of paid speeches in towns across the land even while serving as secretary of state. His most popular lecture was “The Prince of Peace.”

87 He married Mary Elizabeth Baird on October 1,1884. He had three children Ruth Bryan Owen, William Jennings Bryan Jr., and Grace Bryan.

88 He was a member of the U.S House of Representatives. Bryan was in office on March 4,1891 through March 3, 1895. He also made the biggest speech in American political history on July 9, 1896. It was his “ Cross of Gold ” speech.

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