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Music Therapy – Keeping the Beat Alive! Matt Whitaker Music Therapist.

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Presentation on theme: "Music Therapy – Keeping the Beat Alive! Matt Whitaker Music Therapist."— Presentation transcript:

1 Music Therapy – Keeping the Beat Alive! Matt Whitaker Music Therapist

2 Who am I? Lifelong music lover Lifelong music lover Attended UGA Attended UGA Guitarist Guitarist Interned at Wesley Woods Hospital Interned at Wesley Woods Hospital Activity Therapist at Budd Terrace Activity Therapist at Budd Terrace Active person Active person Research Research

3 Music Therapy Definition Music Therapy is the clinical and evidence-based use of music interventions to accomplish individualized goals within a therapeutic relationship by a credentialed professional who has completed an approved music therapy program. "On this day, I was playing the patient. An intensive, exhaustive seven-hour schedule was presented, full of physical therapy, speech, recreational, occupational and my personal favorite – music therapy."- Dr. Sanjay Gupta

4 What is Music Therapy/Why Music? Music is multi-modal Music is multi-modal Music appeals to the emotions, it can calm or provoke Music appeals to the emotions, it can calm or provoke Music provides structure Music provides structure Music MAY lift someones mood Music MAY lift someones mood Music can distract or divert attention Music can distract or divert attention Music is reality orienting (makes you aware of your surroundings) Music is reality orienting (makes you aware of your surroundings)

5 Purpose of Providing Music Encourage social interaction Encourage social interaction Enhance awareness Enhance awareness Encourage exercise Encourage exercise Sensory stimulation Sensory stimulation Memory stimulation Memory stimulation Encourages emotional bonding Encourages emotional bonding Enhances the gestalt Enhances the gestalt Lifts staff spirits Lifts staff spirits Provides inter-generational interaction Provides inter-generational interaction

6 Types of Music (Major Genres) Jazz Jazz Classical Classical Folk Folk Country Country World World Religious Religious Rock Rock Blues Blues R&B R&B

7 What kind of music? There is no one music that is more or less effective than any other There is no one music that is more or less effective than any other Personal preference is most important Personal preference is most important Music that was popular during resident's formative years, ages is most effective Music that was popular during resident's formative years, ages is most effective No one client is the same No one client is the same Our music is changing (younger residents, rehab floors, broader range of choices) Our music is changing (younger residents, rehab floors, broader range of choices)

8 Accentuation/Diminution Any activity should follow a bell curve Any activity should follow a bell curve There should be a steady rise and fall in tempo and volume There should be a steady rise and fall in tempo and volume An activity can be as short as a song, as long as an hour An activity can be as short as a song, as long as an hour An activity can be individualized or group An activity can be individualized or group Activities can focus on group or individual goals Activities can focus on group or individual goals Does not have to be a “scheduled” activity Does not have to be a “scheduled” activity Music can be inserted into other activities Music can be inserted into other activities

9 Activity Groupings Alzheimer's Disease Alzheimer's Disease Hospice Patients Hospice Patients CVA/Stroke/Traumatic Brain Injury CVA/Stroke/Traumatic Brain Injury High Blood Pressure High Blood Pressure Congestive Heart Failure Congestive Heart Failure Developmental Disabilities Developmental Disabilities Long Term Residents (encouraging a home-like atmosphere) Long Term Residents (encouraging a home-like atmosphere) Rehab Patients!!! Rehab Patients!!!

10 Alzheimer's Disease Play familiar songs to increase reality orientation Play familiar songs to increase reality orientation Provide comfort during stressful situations Provide comfort during stressful situations Redirect wandering Redirect wandering Music can provide structure during daily activities such as mealtimes:use seasonally and time appropriate songs Music can provide structure during daily activities such as mealtimes:use seasonally and time appropriate songs Music can also decrease stress and unpleasant sensory experiences during bathing Music can also decrease stress and unpleasant sensory experiences during bathing

11 Activities Name that tune Name that tune Complete the rhyme Complete the rhyme Old fashioned sing along Old fashioned sing along Walk and hum Walk and hum Rhythmic chant (Melodic Intonation Therapy) Rhythmic chant (Melodic Intonation Therapy) Rise and Shine Rise and Shine

12 Hospice Patients Play soft, soothing music to promote awareness Play soft, soothing music to promote awareness Use familiar music to assist with disease transition Use familiar music to assist with disease transition Sing to patients (sometimes that's easier than talking) Sing to patients (sometimes that's easier than talking) Make “Lifesong” mix cd's for families to help address closure Make “Lifesong” mix cd's for families to help address closure Write and record a “Lifesong” with patient Write and record a “Lifesong” with patient The last sense to go is... The last sense to go is...

13 Neuro/CVA/Stroke/TBI "I regard music therapy as a tool of great power in many neurological disorders -- Parkinson's and Alzheimer's -- because of its unique capacity to organize or reorganize cerebral function when it has been damaged." -Oliver Sacks "I regard music therapy as a tool of great power in many neurological disorders -- Parkinson's and Alzheimer's -- because of its unique capacity to organize or reorganize cerebral function when it has been damaged." -Oliver Sacks Music can assist with entrainment (Gabby Gifford) Music can assist with entrainment (Gabby Gifford) Music can structure exercise/rehab Music can structure exercise/rehab Familiar music can stimulate memory Familiar music can stimulate memory Provides sensory stimulation Provides sensory stimulation

14 Strategies for Rehab Patients Provide co-treatment with rehab therapies (OT,PT, SLP) Provide co-treatment with rehab therapies (OT,PT, SLP) Use music as a rapport building tool Use music as a rapport building tool Use newer music (no more “Let Me Call You Sweetheart”) Use newer music (no more “Let Me Call You Sweetheart”) Introduce adaptive dance groups Introduce adaptive dance groups Bring in live music Bring in live music Use contract music therapists in rehab setting Use contract music therapists in rehab setting Make therapy an exciting part of YOUR program, not THEIRS Make therapy an exciting part of YOUR program, not THEIRS

15 Rehab Activities “Moovin' and Groovin'” “Moovin' and Groovin'” Drum circles Drum circles Patient recitals (when you have one, use them!) Patient recitals (when you have one, use them!) Hummmmble Hummmmble Advertise what recorded music will be playing at certain times (golden oldies, jazz night) Advertise what recorded music will be playing at certain times (golden oldies, jazz night) Insert musical preferences to your interviews and follow through Insert musical preferences to your interviews and follow through Make a fool of yourself! Make a fool of yourself!

16 High Blood Pressure/Congestive Heart Failure Familiar music can calm patients and lower blood pressure Familiar music can calm patients and lower blood pressure Music can also provide comfort during times of distress Music can also provide comfort during times of distress Singing can increase lung function Singing can increase lung function Music provides structure for breathing Music provides structure for breathing Music and imagery can change perception of surroundings Music and imagery can change perception of surroundings

17 Home-like Atmosphere Play music during social times Play music during social times Have preferred music in resident's room to create a personalized environment Have preferred music in resident's room to create a personalized environment Music in common areas should be used sparingly, do not ruin its novelty Music in common areas should be used sparingly, do not ruin its novelty Use live music whenever possible Use live music whenever possible Do not use music if it is not preferred Do not use music if it is not preferred Come up with musical themes Come up with musical themes

18 Ways to Provide Music Live music Live music  Music Therapists  Music Practitioners  Lay performers  Residents Recorded music Recorded music  CDs  Radio  Loaded mp3 player from family  Mp3 players for checkout  Music DVD's

19 My Groups Movement to Music Movement to Music Sing Along Sing Along Devotional Devotional Name That Tune Name That Tune “Genre” Bag Toss “Genre” Bag Toss Socials Socials Service League Service League Rise and Shine Rise and Shine Music History/Music and Reading Music History/Music and Reading


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