4 Sanitation refers to the principles and practices relating to the collection, removal or disposal of human excreta and waste water as they impact users, operators and environment (Asmal et al. 1996:3)
5 Basic sanitation service – an accessible, sustainable sanitation to a household, including the safe removal of human waste where this is appropriate and necessary(DWAF 2003)
13 How the question was asked The question (H-10)-TOILET FACILITIES focused on the main type of toilet facility used by this household. H-10 What is the Main type of TOILET facility used by this household 1=Flush toilet (connected to sewerage system) 2=Flush toilet (with septic tank) 3=Chemical toilet 4=Pit toilet with ventilation (VIP) 5=Pit toilet without ventilation 6=Bucket toilet 7=Other 0=None.
18 Census 2011- Key Findings In 2011, more than half of the households (60%) were using a flush toilet –KwaZulu-Natal just 45% of households were using a flush toilet (sewer & septic) The proportion of households using the bucket toilets decreased from 4,1% in 2001 to 2,1% in 2011 –KwaZulu-Natal 2%
19 But... 6% reported NO toilets and another 4% reported ‘other’ That's more than 1 in 10 households without decent sanitation
33 What do other data sets say? General Household Survey (2012) –5,7% households with no toilet facility or using a bucket Intestinal infectious diseases 2 nd leading cause of death in the province (after TB) –While there are demographic, behavioural and environmental determinants of intestinal parasitic infection – sanitation is key
37 Challenges Is the data correct? –Definitions and information provided by households –Census a snapshot to the night of 9 October 2011 (outcomes) –‘main type used’ other types available but are not operational bucket used at night –Other categories: new phenomenon
38 The bucket system is still a reality in some communities
39 Challenges (cont) Servicing of communal toilets and maintenance of flush toilets connected to sewers Water interruptions –Vandalism of infrastructure –Interruptions in supply Infrastructure funding –Budget constraints –Prioritisation Growth and demand for housing
40 We do not have a bucket toilet problem per se – we have a sanitation problem Census was not an investigation and it's findings should not be pitched as such
41 Consequences Achievement of MDG targets Causes of death –Leading causes of death relate to diahorrea –Especially significant in relation to infant mortality rates of 6%-2015 Budget implications
42 Recommendations Stop debating data and buckets, start fixing sanitation Data-evidence based decision making –Don’t assume the data is incorrect, investigate the reasons first –Encourage debate and understanding of methods and processes for improvement Integrated planning –NDP,PGDS,IDPs: war rooms get information from the source
43 Thank you Contributors: Anneline Creighton Ravi Naidoo Ntobeko Masondo
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