Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The Behaviourist Approach

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "The Behaviourist Approach"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Behaviourist Approach
Key assumptions

2 Starter - Key Assumptions
Read the quote from John Watson What does this suggest about the behaviourist approach?

3 The role of the environment
Tabula Rasa Literally means “Blank Slate” We are born “blank” and it is our environment which shapes us. Environmental determinism All that we are is because of our environment. Our personalities and behaviour is determined by our environment

4 The importance of observable events in research
This approach is primarily concerned with observable behaviour (measurable behaviour) Behaviourists don’t believe in studying thoughts, emotions and similar things which cannot be measured.

5 The importance of observable events in research
Behaviourists believe that the behaviour of people and animals (as they assume that there is little difference between people and other animals) is the result of stimulus-response relationships. E.g.: you burn your hand on a stove, and therefore do not touch the stove again.

6 Common principles in learning
Read the section on page and match the term to the definition

7 Classical Conditioning
This is learning through ASSOCIATION To remember this think ASS! clASSical conditioning ASSociation

8 Classical Conditioning
Does anyone have a dog or a cat?

9 Classical Conditioning
Before conditioning UCS UCR (Food) (Salivation) NS No Response (Metronome)

10 Classical Conditioning
During conditioning UCS NS UCR (Food) (Metronome) (Salivation) After conditioning  CS CR (Metronome) (Salivation)

11 Classical Conditioning
Explain: “You eat a banana and shortly afterwards you are sick. You are sick not because of the banana, but because you have a stomach bug; however, from now on the smell and taste of bananas makes you feel nauseous.”

12 Little Albert
Read pages and fill in the gaps. Using the equation, explain the conditioning that occurred in the Little Albert Experiment

13 Operant Conditioning Operant conditioning is learning through consequence It focuses on reward and punishment. Have you been rewarded or punished this week?

14 Operant Conditioning Read the section on page 25-5, and insert the key terms with the definition, and give an example. If you find it a bit confusing trying to remember all of the terms, just remember the following Reinforcement increases behaviour Punishment decreases behaviour Positive is where something is given Negative is where something is taken away

15 Operant Conditioning Can pigeons read? Or play ping pong?
=related Or play ping pong?

16 Operant Conditioning
In your own words, describe how in the video above, operant conditioning has been used to train the Guinea pig. Use the correct terms. Read the scenarios and state what type of conditioning it is.

17 Plenary

Download ppt "The Behaviourist Approach"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google