2 Starter - Key Assumptions Read the quote from John WatsonWhat does this suggest about the behaviourist approach?
3 The role of the environment Tabula RasaLiterally means “Blank Slate”We are born “blank” and it is our environment which shapes us.Environmental determinismAll that we are is because of our environment. Our personalities and behaviour is determined by our environment
4 The importance of observable events in research This approach is primarily concerned with observable behaviour (measurable behaviour)Behaviourists don’t believe in studying thoughts, emotions and similar things which cannot be measured.
5 The importance of observable events in research Behaviourists believe that the behaviour of people and animals (as they assume that there is little difference between people and other animals) is the result of stimulus-response relationships.E.g.: you burn your hand on a stove, and therefore do not touch the stove again.
6 Common principles in learning Read the section on page and match the term to the definition
7 Classical Conditioning This is learning through ASSOCIATIONTo remember this think ASS!clASSical conditioningASSociation
8 Classical Conditioning Does anyone have a dog or a cat?
9 Classical Conditioning Before conditioningUCS UCR(Food) (Salivation)NS No Response(Metronome)
11 Classical Conditioning Explain:“You eat a banana and shortly afterwards you are sick. You are sick not because of the banana, but because you have a stomach bug; however, from now on the smell and taste of bananas makes you feel nauseous.”
12 Little Albert http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xt0ucxOrPQE Read pages and fill in the gaps.Using the equation, explain the conditioning that occurred in the Little Albert Experiment
13 Operant ConditioningOperant conditioning is learning through consequenceIt focuses on reward and punishment.Have you been rewarded or punished this week?
14 Operant ConditioningRead the section on page 25-5, and insert the key terms with the definition, and give an example.If you find it a bit confusing trying to remember all of the terms, just remember the followingReinforcement increases behaviourPunishment decreases behaviourPositive is where something is givenNegative is where something is taken away
15 Operant Conditioning Can pigeons read? Or play ping pong? =relatedOr play ping pong?
16 Operant Conditioning http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z8nL-Bv2oqc In your own words, describe how in the video above, operant conditioning has been used to train the Guinea pig.Use the correct terms.Read the scenarios and state what type of conditioning it is.