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Scientific Knowledge versus Scientific Beliefs.

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Presentation on theme: "Scientific Knowledge versus Scientific Beliefs."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Scientific Knowledge versus Scientific Beliefs

4  Aligns an individual with the ‘world’ Knowledge + Feelings Linked to Action  “That upon which you are willing to act” Alexander Bain That which you hold true

5 Francis Bacon & Charles Peirce 1839 – 1914

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7  Humans are inherently irrational  Humans can become rational Rely on Observation Rely on Observation Inductive approach: ‘just the facts…’ Inductive approach: ‘just the facts…’  The Problem of our Irrationality The Four Idols: require ‘crutches for the mind’ The Four Idols: require ‘crutches for the mind’

8  Idols of the Tribe  Idols of the Cave  Idols of the Marketplace  Idols of the Theater

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10 Avoid conflict, disconfirmation!

11 Believe what you are told to believe! Believe what you are told to believe!

12 Believe what seems reasonable!

13 Tentative, self-correcting, evidence-based, tested through observation, social agreement

14  Knowledge is organized into separate spaces  Spaces Overlap & Intersect Can be subdivided into subspaces Can be hierarchical  We visit Knowledge spaces & download

15  Scientific Knowledge differs from other Knowledge but  All Beliefs are alike!!

16 Science: Creating Knowledge Technology: Applying Knowledge

17 LevelResultsCostNontechnologyControl $$$$$$$$$$ $ ½ way Technology Intervention$$$$$ Advanced Technology Prevention¢

18  Natural Sciences  Social Sciences  Humanities


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