Presentation on theme: "So far, a Christian disciple is…"— Presentation transcript:
1So far, a Christian disciple is… a “student”with a personal relationship to Jesusand a commitment to live His messageRomeroCan you be a Christian disciple by yourself ?
2New Testament Discipleship Christian Discipleship in Community
3Love, overflowing, calls others into this relationship Two Starting PointsMatthew28:16-20John13:1-17After the resurrectionMountain in Galilee“Go!”“all nations”“I am with you”At the Last SupperAct of service and humility“example” — do as I do, for each otherServant leadershipMission to the worldServiceOne with ChristOne with each otherLove, overflowing, calls others into this relationship
4What about Luke?His telling of the story takes two volumes (Luke’s Gospel and Acts)Gospel ends with the Resurrection/Ascension and a promise:“And behold, I send the promise of my Father upon you; but stay in the city, until you are clothed with power from on high.” (Lk 24:49)Acts of the Apostles tells the story of how God fulfilled this promise
5Luke-Acts Two books, same author Most likely written between 80-90 AD 1st generation ChristianSkilled Greek storytellerMost likely written between ADAddressed to TheophilusLk 1:3; Acts 1:1Means “lover of God”
6Main Themes of Luke-Acts Give an “orderly account” (Lk 1:3-4)Not historically sequentialPlaced for most impactThe fulfillment of God’s promises in the ministry of Jesus and the life of the ChurchRole of the Holy SpiritGod intends to bring all people to salvation
7Chapter 1 Picks up where Luke left off Jesus tells his disciples Read Lk 24:44-53Read Acts 1:1-11Jesus tells his disciplesMt—mission to the worldJn—service to one another in the communityActs—v. 8Key to Acts
8Chapter 1 Vv. 21-22 Apostle Reflection Is a disciple Distinct from a discipleGk. Apostellein—“to send away, to send forth”“one of these must become a witness with us to his resurrection.”ReflectionThink of a group in which you are involved.Name one time where you were called to tell others about your group, to be an apostle.Where you nervous? Why or why not?
9Homework Read Acts 2:1-13, 32-42 Answer the following questions: Name one thing that stands out to you in the reading.What happens to the people gathered there? Explain what you think happened?What two things does Peter say the people must do? What two things are they promised in return?
10The Promised Spirit Acts 2:1-13 An experience hard to describe, exactlyThe disciples are changedActs 1:12-14 vs. 2:4-5leave the “safe house”take bold actionProclaim the good news: “Let all the house of Israel therefore know assuredly that God has made him both Lord and Christ, this Jesus whom you crucified.” (2:36)
11What Does God Do With This Boldness? 37Now when they heard this they were cut to the heart, and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, “Brethren, what shall we do?” 38And Peter said to them, “Repent, and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39For the promise is to you and to your children and to all that are far off, every one whom the Lord our God calls to him.” So those who received his word were baptized, and there were added that day about three thousand souls”Peter tells them how to respond (two things) & how God will in turn respond to them (two gifts)Leads to share with others—same with us today, our own discipleship
12Let’s Be Clear…The disciples are now transformed and filled with the Spirit as promisedTheir apostolic work becomes God’s invitation to new followersRepent = Gk. metanoia = change of mind(heart)Baptism ... “I live now, not I, but Christ lives in me”The same Spirit fills all the baptized, who are now united in a new growing community
13Pentecost Feast of Weeks 50 days/7 weeks after Passover = Covenant at SinaiDefinitive of the Israelites identityDefinitive of the Church’s identity
14The Community as Luke Sees It Acts 2:42-47 and 4:32-35They are devout Jews (2:42) who are nowDedicated to the teaching of the ApostlesTo “breaking of the bread…and the prayers”To “fellowship” or “communion”, Gk koinonia2:44—“All things in common”Do you see any of this in the Church today? If not, should you?
15The Earliest Disciples… Gk. Ekklesia means “assembly”, “people”, and is translated “church”Gk. Koinonia – one mind and heart; a common lifeRole of Apostles?TeachingStewardshipA Christian disciple is a “student” with a personal relationship to Jesus and a commitment to live His messagein communion with other disciples
16HomeworkRead Acts 6:1-7Who are the Hebrews? Who are the Hellenists? (Hint: Read the footnotes!)What is the issue they are facing?How does it pose a threat to the community’s koinonia?How do they resolve the issue?
17Your Life in CommunityName one group in which you had to work with people of other cultures, backgrounds, or beliefs towards a common cause/goal.What made this experience difficult?How did you overcome the difficulties?
18First “Crisis” of the Church Acts 6:1-7HellenistsJewish Christians primarily from the Diaspora who spoke GreekHebrewsJewish Christians primarily from Jerusalem who spoke AramaicDifferent languages, differences in culture
19First “Crisis” of the Church What’s the issue?Hellenist widowsThe 12—word of God vs. waiting tablesSolution?Unity in difference—how?Share authority; leadership that is familiarJob requirements? (v.3)Diakonia, Gk. service; deacon
20Detour: The Marks of the Church OneIn Christ and the Spirit, in the common tradition and the common lifeHolyCalled by God, “personal relationship,” common prayerCatholicKatholikos, Gk. = “universal”ApostolicFounded on the apostolic witness and tradition
212 QuestionsWhich one haven’t we seen yet in the early Christian communities?How well does our Xavier community measure up as a community of Christian disciples?
22HomeworkRead Acts 10:1-11:26How do these passages begin to reveal the catholic, or universal, element of the early church?Why might the Gentiles be rejected from the Jewish-Christian community in the first place?
23Before and After Activity Imaging the Growing Early Christian Church
24What does the community look like at… The beginning of ActsAfter PentecostDuring the first crisis of the Church
25Conversation Starters Create a profile of Cornelius.What is he called to do in his dream?What happens in Peter’s dream?Why won’t Peter eat the food placed before him?
26Peter’s ProblemThe Sinai Covenant required that the people make themselves God’s ... To let God make them “holy” as God is Holy (inexpressibly ‘Other’)To ritualize this inner state, they were required to maintain an outer state of ritual purity or “cleanness”Certain washing practices; separation from non-Jews; avoiding blood; avoiding certain foods; Kosher foodsMight the food in Peter’s dream symbolize something else?
27The Community’s Problem Acts 10:28—Jews and GentilesCan Jewish Christians interact with Gentile Christians without violating their faith?Can you be a Christian disciple without being a Jew?Do we have to be circumcised?
28Peter’s Solution What conclusion does Peter come to? (Hint: 10:34-43) “I truly understand that God shows no partiality…”Evidenced in Jesus’ example and the prophets’ testimonyWhy can some call this the Pentecost for the Gentiles?Foundation of the Gentile Christian community
29The Jerusalem Community’s Solution—Ch. 11 Peter has to justify his actions; how?All he does is report what God is doing!!These visions and their repetition demonstrate that this event occurs solely at God’s initiative and under God’s directionWhat’s the conclusion? (11:18)First signs of separation of Judaism and Christianity…but it’s not over yet!
30Council of Jerusalem—Characters Paul and BarnabasEncounter teachers in Judea saying Christians must be JewishPhariseesArgue to follow the law of Moses; circumcisionPeterConverts one of the earliest GentilesJames?!?“Brother of Jesus”Offers a solution
31Council of Jerusalem—Timeline Paul and BarnabusPeter testifies to God’s action, God’s initiative…againPaul and Barnabas testify (more on Paul tomorrow)James offers a solutionSalvation is for anyoneAll must maintain some sense of ritual purity, with a focus on avoiding idolatry (15:28-29)
32So What?Pentecost—the moment when we truly identify ourselves as Christians—calls us into a communityThis community had and still has issuesHebrews and Hellenists—7 Hellenistic DeaconsGentiles and Jews—Council of JerusalemContemporary issues??Discipleship calls us to work with one another to discover what God wants for the community
33PaulAn Apostle to the World;Making Our Church Catholic
34Who was Saul?He is “breathing threats and murder against the disciples of the Lord…” (9:1)PhariseeHell-bent on capturing and imprisoning these blasphemers (8:3)Particular name of the group he is after?
35How Does Saul Become Paul? Encounters the resurrected LordWhat does Jesus tell Paul?“Why are you persecuting me?” (9:4)Paul’s blindness—symbolic of his lack of faith in Christ
37How Does Saul Become Paul? God calls AnaniasHell no!9:15 God’s response“bring/carry my name”martyros, Gk = martyr“witness”Why be a martyr, a witness?
38Paul’s Cyclical Apostolate Proclaim Jesus in the synagogues (Jews)Get rejected/threatened/imprisonedProclaim Jesus in the marketplace (Gentiles)Get amazing results; converts thousandsWhat does Paul’s story tell us about discipleship?
39NT Discipleship? Not just “me ‘n Jesus” Our lives witness in word and deed; the communal life is importantWhat Jesus handed over needs to be applied to here-and-now issuesThe gift of the Holy Spirit keeps the Church steady as it navigates the issues