Presentation on theme: "Breakout Session 3: Coping with Labor Scarcity in the New World From Servitude to Slavery and “Free” Labor Jenny Wahl Carleton College Economics Department."— Presentation transcript:
Breakout Session 3: Coping with Labor Scarcity in the New World From Servitude to Slavery and “Free” Labor Jenny Wahl Carleton College Economics Department
2 Some Numbers Free migrants (~1600-1775) –About ½ million total emigrated to British American colonies –Of those, more than 350,000 via indenture Slaves (~1500-1900) –About 12 million left Africa, about 10 million arrived in Americas –By 1808 (end of trans-Atlantic trade to US), only 6% of African slaves landing in New World had come to North America Population as of 1790 –2.8 million free whites –58,000 free non-whites –682,000 slaves
3 Percent Non-White by Original Colony, 1750, 1790, 1810, 1860
5 Indentured Servants Slaves (South) and Servants (North) Demography of blacks in North America Benefits of native-born slaves Improved wages in England Cheaper Atlantic passage Demography of whites in North America Regional diversity – plantation crops in South, manufactories in North
11 Northern Colonial Slavery Significant datesVTPAMANHCTRINYNJ European settlement16661638162016231633163616241620 First record of slaveryc.1760?16391629?16451639165216261627 Official end of slavery177717801783 1784 17991804 Actual end of slavery1777c.18451783c.1845?1848184218271865
12 Percent of Free Non-Whites by Original Colony, 1790, 1810, 1860
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.