Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Breakout Session 3: Coping with Labor Scarcity in the New World From Servitude to Slavery and “Free” Labor Jenny Wahl Carleton College Economics Department.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Breakout Session 3: Coping with Labor Scarcity in the New World From Servitude to Slavery and “Free” Labor Jenny Wahl Carleton College Economics Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 Breakout Session 3: Coping with Labor Scarcity in the New World From Servitude to Slavery and “Free” Labor Jenny Wahl Carleton College Economics Department

2 2 Some Numbers Free migrants (~1600-1775) –About ½ million total emigrated to British American colonies –Of those, more than 350,000 via indenture Slaves (~1500-1900) –About 12 million left Africa, about 10 million arrived in Americas –By 1808 (end of trans-Atlantic trade to US), only 6% of African slaves landing in New World had come to North America Population as of 1790 –2.8 million free whites –58,000 free non-whites –682,000 slaves

3 3 Percent Non-White by Original Colony, 1750, 1790, 1810, 1860

4 4 Net Slave Imports, VA and MD, 1698-1774

5 5 Indentured Servants  Slaves (South) and Servants (North) Demography of blacks in North America Benefits of native-born slaves Improved wages in England Cheaper Atlantic passage Demography of whites in North America Regional diversity – plantation crops in South, manufactories in North

6 6 Jefferson’s Runaway Slave (1769)

7 7 Indigo Exports (SC and GA), 1755-1772

8 8 Rice Exports (SC and GA), 1698-1774

9 9 Tobacco Imports into England, 1697-1775

10 10 Distribution of Wealth by Region, 1774

11 11 Northern Colonial Slavery Significant datesVTPAMANHCTRINYNJ European settlement16661638162016231633163616241620 First record of slaveryc.1760?16391629?16451639165216261627 Official end of slavery177717801783 1784 17991804 Actual end of slavery1777c.18451783c.1845?1848184218271865

12 12 Percent of Free Non-Whites by Original Colony, 1790, 1810, 1860

13 13 Pennsylvania Slave Advertisement

14 14


Download ppt "Breakout Session 3: Coping with Labor Scarcity in the New World From Servitude to Slavery and “Free” Labor Jenny Wahl Carleton College Economics Department."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google