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Preparation of a Strategic Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Project - Phase I (November 2010- January 2013) Climate Investment Funds (CIF) Grant.

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Presentation on theme: "Preparation of a Strategic Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Project - Phase I (November 2010- January 2013) Climate Investment Funds (CIF) Grant."— Presentation transcript:

1 Preparation of a Strategic Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) Project - Phase I (November January 2013) Climate Investment Funds (CIF) Grant No. TF through ADB and World Bank

2 2 Presented by: Dr. Hartmut Krugmann Hatfield Consultants Component 4 Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment Climate Change Resilience (PPCR) Project – Phase 1 Inception Meeting, Phnom Penh, Cambodia April 23-24, 2012

3 Presentation Outline A. Activities of Component 4 on, Vulnerability and Adaptation Assessment a. Development Policies, Strategies and Actors b. Proposed Priority Provinces c. Existing Conditions and Change Processes d. Experiences in other Countries in the Region e. Participatory Mapping of Climate Change Risks and Vulnerabilities f. Formulation of Adaptation Responses and Prioritization of Adaptation Options B.Discussion Questions 3

4 › Various strategies, programs, plans, and actors of relevance to climate adaptation in Cambodia. 4 Development Policies, Strategies and Actors ›Strategies, programs, and plans relevant to climate change adaption: ›National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA, 2006); ›Strategic Program for Climate Resilience in Cambodia (SPCR) 29; ›Strategic National Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction, (SNAP); ›Rectangular Strategy for Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency in Cambodia - RSII ( ); ›National Strategic Development Plan (NSDP) Update ; and ›Plan for Decentralization and De-concentration under the National Programme for Sub-National Democratic Development (NP-SNDD) ›Cambodia Human Development Report -- Rural Livelihoods in the Face of Climate Change (MOE and UNDP 2011). ›Actors: government (MOE, MAFF, MOWRAM, etc); donors; NGOs

5 5 Proposed Priority Provinces The proposed priority provinces for vulnerability and adaptation assessment are, › Phnom Penh › Koh Kong › Siem Reap or Battambang › Stung Treng Justification for selection: ›High level of vulnerability relative to cities/provinces in other countries and relative to other provinces in Cambodia; ›Importance of target sectors (water, agriculture, and rural infrastructure) in different ways; ›Significant planned MDB and private investment; ›Rapid land use change (e.g. deforestation, expanding agriculture; tourism; industrial zones) ›Sea level rise, increased salinization, coastal erosion, tourism, industrialization, urban expansion, specifically in Koh Kong; ›Risk of hydrological change (e.g. flood pulse), also due to hydropower development (transboundary); and, ›Each province is located in a different agro-ecological zone of Cambodia, collectively covering all 4 zones

6 › The project will assess current vulnerabilities of livelihood systems in key sectors (agriculture, water resources and rural development) in four specific provinces in Cambodia. › Review evidence of past and current conditions of climate variability and extreme weather patterns. › Project future climate and socio-economic conditions by considering various climate change and socio-economic scenarios 6 Existing Conditions and Change Processes ›The review will look at a range of aspects, such as: ›Population distribution; ›Natural resource access and use; ›Geographical variations in livelihoods, vulnerabilities and climate risks; ›Local coping mechanisms and adaptation planning. ›Identify vulnerability indicators (quantitative and qualitative) to characterize baseline conditions against which to measure changes in risk and vulnerability

7 › Different guidelines, models, and frameworks have been developed in the Mekong region to assess climate change risks, impacts, vulnerabilities and adaptation strategies and options › Climate change impacts and adaptation assessment initiatives have been undertaken by a range of organizations. › Different LMB countries in the region have prepared national strategies and action plans for climate change adaptation › Hatfield will review these studies to identify their relevance to the Cambodian context. › They will also inform the process of identifying and developing vulnerability and adaptation assessment tools and methodologies that are suitable for this assignment. 7 Experience on Climate Change Impact, Vulnerability and Adaptation in the Region

8 › Participatory assessment of climate risks/ vulnerabilities involves affected groups and stakeholders in the assessment process. › This helps gain a broader understanding of climate risks/ vulnerabilities from the perspective of the affected groups and stakeholders. › Various methodologies have been developed and applied by different organizations in participatory risk and vulnerability assessment. › E.g. the NGO ActionAid International has used a “multi-leveled” approach to community-level vulnerability assessment › Various participatory assessment methodologies exist: mapping; historical transects; matrix ranking/scoring; Venn diagrams; seasonal calendars; and timelines. › The most suitable methods will be identified for the purpose of the project. © Hatfield Consultants. All Rights Reserved. 8 Participatory Mapping of Climate Change Risks and Vulnerabilities

9 › The participatory climate risk & vulnerability mapping process will make it possible to identify suitable adaptation responses for the target sectors and priority provinces › Adaptation responses will be formulated as adaptation signatures: pathways of plausible adaptation strategies and sequences of adaptation steps › This starts with addressing current climate change risks and impacts -- as an integral part of existing development strategies -- and later, over time, dealing with longer-term future climate risks and vulnerabilities,. › The Project team will use Multi Criteria Analysis (MCA) methods to rank and prioritise adaptation options › MCA has been used in national adaptation programmes of action (NAPAs) › MCA assesses adaptation options against various economic, social and environmental criteria (both qualitative and quantitative), which may be given different weights reflecting perceived relative importance. › The output of an MCA exercise is a ranked list of adaptation options, which can be used as a basis for prioritizing adaptation options. 9 Formulation of Adaptation Responses and Prioritization of Adaptation Options

10 What groups in the target sectors (agriculture, water, rural infrastructure) are most affected by climate change? What have rural and urban households and communities traditionally done to cope with the impacts from climate hazards like floods, droughts, typhoons, sea level rise, landslides, etc? What can rural and urban households and communities do to better cope with these climate hazards? What kind of assistance can be given to rural and urban households and communities to improve their ability to cope with these climate hazards? 10 Discussion Questions

11 © Hatfield Consultants. All Rights Reserved. 11 Thank you! © Hatfield Consultants. All Rights Reserved. 11 For further information contact: Dr. Hartmut Krugmann, Vulnerability & Adaptation Assessment Specialist HATFIELD CONSULTANTS PARTNERSHIP Mr. Sokhem Pech, Team Leader Manager of International Development Group HATFIELD CONSULTANTS PARTNERSHIP North Vancouver, BC, CANADA Office phone Mobile phone


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