Presentation on theme: "ARTICLE V SUFFRAGE Section 1. Suffrage may be exercised by all citizens of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at least eighteen."— Presentation transcript:
ARTICLE V SUFFRAGE Section 1. Suffrage may be exercised by all citizens of the Philippines not otherwise disqualified by law, who are at least eighteen years of age, and who shall have resided in the Philippines for at least one year and in the place wherein they propose to vote for at least six months immediately preceding the election. No literacy, property, or other substantive requirement shall be imposed on the exercise of suffrage.
Section 2. The Congress shall provide a system for securing the secrecy and sanctity of the ballot as well as a system for absentee voting by qualified Filipinos abroad. The Congress shall also design a procedure for the disabled and the illiterate to vote without the assistance of other persons. Until then, they shall be allowed to vote under existing laws and such as the Commission on Elections may promulgate to protect the secrecy of the ballot.
MEANING OF SUFFRAGE Suffrage is the right and obligation (not mandatory) to vote of qualified citizens in the election of certain national and local officers of the government and in the decision of public questions submitted to the people.
SCOPE OF SUFFRAGE 1.ELECTION- is the means by which the people choose their officials for definite and fixed periods and to whom they entrust, for the time being as their representatives, the exercise of powers of government. 2.PLEBISCITE- it is the name given to a vote of the people expressing their choice for or against a proposed law or enacted submitted to them. 3.REFERENDUM- it is the submission of a law or part thereof passed by the national or local legislative body to the voting citizens of a country for their ratification or rejection (Art VI, Sec. 32)
4. INITIATIVE- is the process whereby the people directly propose and enact laws. Congress is mandated by the Constitution to provide as early as possible for a system of initiative and referendum. Amendments to the Constitution may likewise be directly proposed by the people through initiative. (Art XVII, Sec.2) 5. RECALL- it is a method by which a public officer may be removed from office during his tenure or before the expiration of his term by a vote of the people after registration of a petition signed by a required percentage of the qualified voters. (Art X, Sec. 3)
QUALIFICATIONS OF VOTERS 1.A citizen (male or female) of the Philippines 2.not otherwise disqualified by law 3.at least eighteen (18) years of age 4.have resided in the Philippines for at least one (1) year and in the place wherein he proposes to vote for at least (6) months preceding the election.
PERSONS DISQUALIFIED TO VOTE 1.Any person who has been sentenced by final judgment to suffer imprisonment for not less than one (1) year, such disability not having been removed by plenary pardon or granted amnesty. But such person shall automatically reacquire the right to vote upon expiration of five (5) years after service of sentence. 2.Any person who has been adjudged by final judgment by competent court or tribunal of having committed any crime involving disloyalty to the duly constituted government such as rebellion, sedition, violation of the anti-subversion and firearms laws, or any crime against national security, unless restored to his full civil and political rights in accordance with law.
3. Insane or incompetent persons as declared by competent authority. OTHER SUBSTANTIVE REQUIREMENTS PROHIBITED 1.EDUCATION 2.SEX 3.TAXPAYING ABILITY