Presentation on theme: "Photosynthesis Photosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts (organelles inside plants and algae)"— Presentation transcript:
1PhotosynthesisPhotosynthesis occurs in chloroplasts (organelles inside plants and algae)
2Overview of Photosynthesis 1. Uses light as the source of energy2. Uses water and carbon dioxide as reactants3. Makes glucose (C6H12O6)
3Photosynthesis 4. Gives off oxygen as a by-product 5. Equation: 6CO2 + 6H C6H12O6 + 6O26. Chlorophyll is the catalyst
4Light Dependent Reaction Occurs in the thylakoidsEnergy from the sun used to break apart a water moleculeLight Independent Reaction (Calvin Cycle)Occurs in the Stroma“Carbon Fixation”- breaks apart carbon molecules to use the carbon atoms to assemble glucose
6ATP: is the cells main energy supply. Harvesting The Energy In FoodMany organisms harvest the energy stored in foods through cellular respiration.Cellular Respiration: Is a chemical process that uses oxygen to convert the chemical energy stored in glucose into another form of chemical energy called ATP.ATP: is the cells main energy supply.
7Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are a cycle Photosynthesis and cellular respiration are a cycle. There is a common set of chemicals.1. Water2. Carbon Dioxide3. Oxygen4. Glucose
8Cellular respiration converts the energy in food to energy in ATP. Relationship of cellular respiration to breathing.Aerobic: means “Require Oxygen”.Cellular respiration: the cell exchanges 2 gases.Takes in Oxygen Releases carbon dioxide.Breathing is the following process.Blood stream delivers oxygen to cells.Blood stream takes away carbon dioxide from cells.This takes place in tiny air sacs in the lungs.Oxygen diffuses across the lungs lining into the blood stream.Carbon dioxide diffuses from blood stream to lungs and is exhaled.
11In a molecule of ATP the “tail” is where the energy is stored (potential energy) Analogy: a tightly coiled springThe bond between two phosphate groups is broken and energy is releasedNo, nothing like this…
12Introduction to Energy Energy: is the ability to do work. Energy cannot be created nor destroyed. Can be converted from one kind to another.Work: is whenever an object is moved against an apposing force.
132. Potential Energy: is energy that is stored. 4 Types of Energy1. Kinetic Energy: energy of motion. Any thing that is moving.2. Potential Energy: is energy that is stored.
144. Thermal Energy: random molecular motion. 3. Chemical Energy: form of potential energy. There is a potential to form work. Chemical energy depends on the bonds & structure of molecules.4. Thermal Energy: random molecular motion.Warmer objects > Cooler ones.
15Putting Chemical Energy To Work Within your cells Glucose (organic molecules) react with oxygen, this process (cellular respiration) then exhausts Carbon dioxide, water and heat.40% of food is used for energy.60% is thermal energy. This helps us maintain our body temperature.
16Why do our bodies create heat after exercising? There is an increase in cellular respiration.Calories: Units of energy. Is the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree C.Kilocalories: 1,000 calories.1 KiloCalorie = 1 Food Calorie