2Today you will…Learn about the different types of question and the techniques required to answer them.Begin to write your own questions.
3General PointsTo achieve and be successful in this area you should all be reading regularly.This will increase your vocabulary, improve your knowledge of writer’s techniques and generally make you a much smarter person!
4Understanding Questions These questions show that you have understood the writer’s meaning.You will need a good vocabulary as these questions require you to put your answers into your own words.
5Analysis QuestionsLike you would when studying literature, these questions ask you to analyse the techniques used by an author.These could include:Word choice, imagery, sentence structure, use of contrast, tone…
6Evaluation QuestionsThese questions ask you to sum up ideas and comment on how well the writer has done.
7Learning the question types – Go Fish Using the sheet provided, create a set flash cards.You will need 18 squares of equal size.Write the type of question on one square and how to answer on another.Jumble up the cards face down and lay down in a grid pattern.Go Fish! The winner is the one with the most pairs.
11Technique Test How would you answer an ‘own words’ question? How would you answer a word choice question?What 3 techniques might you look for in an imagery question?
12Surreal - something that seems unreal/ dreamlike. Grotesque – hideous, distorted, abnormal, unnatural, ugly.Luscious – pleasing to the sense of taste
13AnswersYou need to express the writer’s view in a different way. You do not have to translate word for word.Quote individual words and comment on their connotations (what the word makes you think of).Simile, personification, metaphor
14Understanding Questions - Remember You must answer questions in your own words.That doesn’t mean changing each word individually – just express the same idea but in a different way.If you quote, you will get 0!!You are not asked to analyse (techniques) but to show you UNDERSTAND the ideas.
15Sample understanding questions In your own words explain why some people think Facebook is dangerous.Give three reasons why social media sites can be damaging.Explain using your own words why the writer has used Lady Gaga as an example to show the influence that Twitter can have.
16Explain in your own words what the ‘general perception’ of children’s literature is. (Paragraph 2) 1 markIn your own words, what two pieces of information show the extent of Dahl’s popularity? (3) 2 marksIn your own words explain the two sides of Dahl’s female characters. (10) 2 marks
17The normal view of children's’ books is that they are pleasant and show an ideal image of childhood. He has sold a huge amount of books in Britain. It has also been sold in plenty of other countries as well.Women in Dahl’s books are either extremely kind or they are cruel and frightening.
18In your groups come up with at least 5 understanding questions. You must write model answers for each one (Remember own words).Pay attention to the amount of marks for each question. If you are looking for two things you should offer 2 marks etc.You have 15 minutes
19Swap questions with another group and answer them. Hand back your completed questions.Mark the answers you have received.
20Homework Find a newspaper article (Metro is fine) Bring article and questions for Monday
21ANALYSIS Imagery Questions Today you will learn the technique required to answer imagery (A) questions.You will be able to put this into practice.
22Can you remember the correct way to answer an imagery question? What techniques should you be looking for?Similes, metaphors, personification…
23Technique Explain what the literal origin of the image is. Explain the comparisonExplain what point the writer is trying to make.
24Example ‘A tidal wave of immigrants’ A tidal wave is a huge, powerful, destructive body of water.The writer compares the number of immigrants to a ‘tidal wave’ showing that he believes the country is overrun.As a ‘tidal wave’ is destructive and overpowering the writer shows his view that immigrants are a negative influence on the country.
25Boroughmuir is a hive of activity. A ‘hive’ is a structure that houses a great number of insects. Bees, for example.The writer compares Boroughmuir to a hive to suggest a place of bustling action.As a ‘hive’ is a place of productive and purposeful activity the writer shows his belief that Boroughmuir is a place which is both busy yet organised.
26Try out the followingMorningside Road is one of the city’s main arteries.The manager was met with an avalanche of complaints.Rush hour traffic is like a tideNow think up 5 images of your own and write sample answers.
27Questions from the article How does the image of ‘endless picnics’ help to develop the idea that children’s literature is pleasant in content? 2Explain the image of Dahl as a ‘towering figure’. 3Come up with 4 of your own.
28Analysis Word ChoiceToday you will learn about word choice and the techniques required in answering W.C questions.
29What is word choice?This refers to particular words a writer has opted to use to obtain a certain effect.Each word has been carefully selected to influence the reader.For example, why might an author use the word ‘staggered’ instead of ‘walked’?
30Connotation vs. denotation Denotation: what a word literally meansConnotation: all the other things that come to mind when thinking of a particular word.E.g. Angel DevilWhat do these words denote and what do they connote?
31Write down the denotations and connotations for the following words: WhiteBlackPigRocketPeacockdagger
32Technique Quote key words Say what you associate with the word (connotations)Say what the effect of the word isGo through the examples on the sheet (in note form).Extension: Try writing your own sentences for another group to analyse.
33The hospital walls were green and yellow Why has the author used the words ‘green and yellow’?‘Green and yellow’ have connotations of sickness and disease. This helps to remind us that hospitals are places of sickness as well as health.
34In the second paragraph why does the author use the word ‘pursued’? What does the word ‘fantastical’ suggest about the kind of stories Roald Dahl writes?For the rest of the article, create 5 more questions.
35Analysis Sentence Structure You will learn what features to look for and how to answer a question on sentence structure.
36What is it?Sentence structure essentially means how a sentence is put together.There are several things you should look for. What do you think they are?
37Features Short/minor sentence Rhetorical question Exclamation ParenthesisLists, climax, anticlimaxAntithesisInversionRepetitionStarting a sentence with a conjunction (and/but)
38RevisionIn groups revise the features of sentence structure – you have 12.5 minutes.Focus on the effect. E.g. Short sentences can be used for emphasis or to create drama.Revision techniques: Don’t just read! Test each other; read, cover, rewrite, check…You must make sure that everyone knows each feature.
39Test time!! Give each member of your group a number (1-4) Each feature has also been given a number (1-4)You have to answer individually for the feature that carries the same number as you.Using your Show Me board, write out as much as you can remember for the following features:
402. What is the effect of these features? Short/ minor sentence to emphasise/create drama/tension. Look for no verb.May placed after a really long sentence for effect.
411. Long Sentence Creates pace Creates a list of something Shows a great deal of ideasPerhaps could show confusion
424. Parenthesis Shown by brackets, commas or dashes. Give extra information that is not essential in grasping the overall meaning of a sentence.It can also affect the tone – it could be a funny aside, for example.
433. Rhetorical question / Exclamation provoke a thought/ make a particular pointShow excitement, outrage, anger, disbelief etc.
444.Lists, climax, anticlimax Lists – show a number of things. Always be specific when stating what they areClimax – often at the end of a long sentence or an extended section. The most exciting point.Anticlimax - as above, only without the excitement. A disappointing end after initial excitement.
452. Antithesis2 contrasting ideas placed side by side to create a sense of balance. Can sometimes spot it by the semicolon, although not always!Cats are interesting, intelligent and independent; dogs are dull, dense and often quite daft!
461. InversionWhen the normal order of words in a sentence is inverted or changed.This places emphasis on certain words.Think like Yoda!‘Growing stronger is the darkside’Emphasis on darkside as a result of inversionShould read The darkside is growing stronger ( Subject then verb).
473. Repetition Look for repetition of words, clauses etc Helps to emphasise particular points.Can often be an accumulation of ideas.
48Starting a sentence with a conjunction Often ‘and’ or ‘but’This is grammatically incorrect but many writers do this for particular effect.And – places focus on an additional point, making it more powerful.But – signals a differing point of view or an opposing argument.
50‘Edinburgh is everywhere white.’ What is unusual about this particular sentence and what effect does this create?This sentence is unusual in that we would normally expect it to be written as ‘Everywhere is white in Edinburgh.’ or ‘White is everywhere in Edinburgh.’ In the bold example the word order is inverted, which emphasises the words ‘white’ and ‘everywhere’, giving the impression the Edinburgh is completely covered in snow.Sample answer:The writer has used inversion in placing ‘Edinburgh’ at the start of the sentence. This emphasises the words ‘white’ and ‘everywhere’ to show just how much snow had fallen.