Presentation on theme: "Le passé composé The Perfect Tense"— Presentation transcript:
1Le passé composé The Perfect Tense Talking about events in the past
2Talking about events in the past In English, we have many ways of talking about events in the pastI playedI have playedI did playIn French, we can translate all three of the phrases using the same sentence!French is easy!!
3Le passé composéThe Perfect Tense in French is made in three simple stepsFind the verb (doing word) you needChange the way the verb is writtenAdd a part of the verb avoir (to have) with its subject pronoun (I/You/He/She)
4Step 1 – Find the verb you are looking for In order to find the verb we are looking for we must use a……DICTIONARYe.g. To make the sentence ‘I have played’, we will look up ‘play’ in the dictionary.We will find the word we are looking for next to the letters vi or vtThe word we find is…jouerThis is called the INFINITIVE
5Step 1 - PracticeLook up the following words in a French-English dictionary and write down their infinitive forms.Remember you will find the infinitive form next to the letters vi or vt1. speak 2. eat 3. visit4. hate 5. swim 6. do
6Step 1 – Practice answers speakeatvisithateswimdoparlermangervisiterdétesternagerfaireYou are now ready for step 2
7Step 2 – Changing the infinitive Most infinitives end –er (jouer/parler)In order to make the verb suitable for the perfect tense, we must change this endingFor –er verbs we must…Take off the –er e.g. jouAdd an é e.g. jouéYou have just changed the infinitive into a……PAST PARTICIPLE
8parler manger visiter détester nager parlé mangé visité détesté nagé Step 2 – Practise Change the infinitive forms from step 1 into past participlesparlermangervisiterdétesternagerparlémangévisitédétesténagé
9Step 2 - continued To summarise: infinitives ending –er become -é infinitives ending –ir replace the –ir with –iinfinitives ending –re replace the –re with –uHowever there are some exceptions that need to be learnt!Some common exceptionsfaire (to do) – fait boire (to drink) – buavoir (to have) – eu voir (to see) – vuYou are now ready for step 3!
10Step 3 – add a part of avoir To complete a sentence in the past you must add a part of the verb avoir-to haveThis should by now be familiar to you!!I haveYou (familiar) haveHe/she/it hasWe haveYou (formal/plural) haveThey haveJ’aiTu asIl/Elle aNous avonsVous avezIls/Elles ont
11Step 3 - Practice Complete the sentences below J’ un chat Tu un stylo? Il une soeurNous un chienVous n’ pas de devoirsElles une gomme
12Step 3 – Practice answers Complete the sentences belowJ’ ai un chatTu as un stylo?Il a une soeurNous avons un chienVous n’ avez pas de devoirsElles ont une gomme
13Step 3 - continuedWe are now ready to make sentences in the perfect tenseIf we want to translate ‘I have played’ into French:Find the infinitive jouerChange it into a past participle jouéAdd avoir j’ai jouéRemember, this phrase means I have played,I played and I did play!!!
14The Perfect tense - practice From what you have learnt, can you translate the following sentences?I spoke FrenchYou ( a friend) have eaten a sandwichI visited the castleWe hated the cake (le gâteau)He has swumThey (women) did
15Answers J’ai parlé français Tu as mangé un sandwich J’ai visité le châteauNous avons détesté le gâteauIl a nagéElles ont fait
16Perfect Tense - checklist Have you found the correct infinitive?Have you changed the infinitive into a past participle?Have you added the correct part of avoir?Are there 2 verbs in your French translation (i.e. a past participle and a part of avoir)?If you have answered yes then you can make the Perfect Tense – Congratulations