Presentation on theme: "Incomplete Dominance & Codominance"— Presentation transcript:
1 Incomplete Dominance & Codominance Section 8-4 in Book Pgs
2 Review of Mendel’s Principles Genes are passed parents offspring; get one allele from each parentDuring Meiosis, the alleles for a gene segregate from each other.During Meiosis, genes independently assort with each other.
3 Exceptions to Mendel’s principles Sometimes, there is no dominant or recessive gene, or the trait is controlled by many alleles or genes.
4 Incomplete DominanceIn Incomplete Dominance, every genotype has its own phenotype. (One allele not completely dominant over the other.) Third phenotype that is a blending of the parental traits. (2 alleles produce 3 phenotypes.)Result: Heterozygous phenotype somewhere in between homozygous phenotype.
5 1. Incomplete Dominance Examples: Trait: Flower Color Expressions: Red x White PinkRR= Red; RW= pink; WW= whitestraight hair, wavy, curly
7 CodominanceIn codominance, neither allele are dominant; both are expressed. A cross between organisms with two different phenotypes produces offspring with both phenotypes of the parental traits shown.
8 2. Codominance Both alleles contribute to the phenotype. Example: In come chickensBlack Chicken x White Speckled Chicken
9 YOU tell me which type of dominance… Codominance!
12 Test Cross (Back Cross)… Used to determine whether an individual is homozygous dominant or heterozygous.RULES:Always cross unknown genotype with a homozygous recessive.Observe (count) large numbers of offspring to insure accuracy in determining the unknown genotype.Then…if ANY offspring show the recessive trait, the unknown genotype is heterozygousif ALL the offspring have the dominant trait, the unknown genotype is homozygous dominant
13 Example: TT or Tt You would cross both with tt. What would you expect the outcome to be?