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HIGHER THINGS, GIVEN 2010, NASHVILLE, TN REV. CHRISTIAN C. TIEWS ASSOCIATE PASTOR GRACE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH TULSA, OKLAHOMA How Martin Luther Rediscovered.

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Presentation on theme: "HIGHER THINGS, GIVEN 2010, NASHVILLE, TN REV. CHRISTIAN C. TIEWS ASSOCIATE PASTOR GRACE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH TULSA, OKLAHOMA How Martin Luther Rediscovered."— Presentation transcript:

1 HIGHER THINGS, GIVEN 2010, NASHVILLE, TN REV. CHRISTIAN C. TIEWS ASSOCIATE PASTOR GRACE EVANGELICAL LUTHERAN CHURCH TULSA, OKLAHOMA How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel 1

2 1. A Short Overview of the Life and Times of Luther 2. The Latin Vulgate Translation: Obscuring the Gospel 3. Other Teachings of Rome Further Obscure the Gospel The Role of the Pope, Works Righteousness in Its Various Forms 4. Luther’s Tower Experience (Rom 1:17) 5. Is the Gospel being obscured in the 21 st century? 6. The Gospel Expressed in the Smalcald Articles 2

3 How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel 1a. A Short Overview of the Life and Times of Luther 1483Martin Luder is born in Eisleben 1492Columbus discovers America 1505Thunderstorm incident near Stotternheim 1513 ?Tower Experience 1517Martin Luther (!) posts the 95 Theses 1521Diet of Worms -- Luther is interrogated and responds, “I can do no other…” Emperor Charles V outlaws Luther in the Imperial Ban. 1521The Reformer is abducted to the Wartburg. Luther translates the NT from the original Koine Greek into German 3

4 How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel 1 a. A Short Overview of the Life and Times of Luther  1522Luther returns to Wittenberg  1530Philipp Melanchthon presents the Augsburg Confession to Emperor Charles V at the Diet of Augsburg  1546Martin Luther dies in Eisleben  1555The Peace of Augsburg is agreed upon by both parties: Both Catholic and Evangelical Confession now have equal status. 4

5 How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel 2. The Latin Vulgate Translation: Obscuring the Gospel Jerome translates the Hebrew OT and Greek NT into Latin Key grammatical errors creep in, laying the foundation for doctrinal errors Gen 3:15 “ipsa conteret caput tuum” Mk 1:15 ( metanoe,w ) “paenitemini et credite evangelio” Rom 1:17 “iustus autem ex fide vivit” 5

6 How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel 3. Other Teachings of Rome Further Obscure the Gospel The Role of the Pope Works Righteousness in Its Various Forms Masses, pilgrimages, Hail Marys, fasting, worship of relics,etc. Indulgences! 6

7 How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel 4. Luther’s Tower Experience: Rom 1:17 Greek:o` de. di,kaioj evk pi,stewj zh,setai or… o` de. di,kaioj evk pi,stewj zh,setai Vulgate: iustus autem ex fide vivit the righteous shall live by faith Luther:the one who by faith is righteous shall live 7

8 How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel 5. Is the Gospel Being Obscured in the 21 st Century? Social Gospel Prosperity Gospel Environmental Gospel 8

9 How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel 6a. The Gospel Expressed in the Smalcald Articles “The first and chief article is this: “The first and chief article is this: Jesus Christ, our God and Lord, died for our sins and was raised again for our justification (Rom 4:24-25). Jesus Christ, our God and Lord, died for our sins and was raised again for our justification (Rom 4:24-25). He alone is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (Jn 1:29), and God has laid upon Him the iniquities of us all (Isa 53:6). He alone is the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (Jn 1:29), and God has laid upon Him the iniquities of us all (Isa 53:6). All have sinned and are justified freely, without their own works or merits, by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, in His blood (Rom 3:23-25). All have sinned and are justified freely, without their own works or merits, by His grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus, in His blood (Rom 3:23-25). 9

10 How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel 6b.The Gospel Expressed in the Smalcald Articles This is necessary to believe. This cannot be otherwise acquired or grasped by any work, law, or merit. Therefore, it is clear and certain that this faith alone justifies us. As St. Paul says: This is necessary to believe. This cannot be otherwise acquired or grasped by any work, law, or merit. Therefore, it is clear and certain that this faith alone justifies us. As St. Paul says: ‘For we hold that no one is justified by faith apart from the works of the law.’ (Rom 3:28) ‘For we hold that no one is justified by faith apart from the works of the law.’ (Rom 3:28) ‘That He might be just and the justification of the one who has faith in Jesus. [Rom 3:26] ‘That He might be just and the justification of the one who has faith in Jesus. [Rom 3:26] Nothing of this article can be yielded or surrendered, even though heaven and earth and everything else falls [Mk 13:31].” Nothing of this article can be yielded or surrendered, even though heaven and earth and everything else falls [Mk 13:31].” 10

11 How Martin Luther Rediscovered the Gospel 11


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