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EUROPE BEFORE WWI EUROPE AFTER WWI. Factors leading to Rise of Dictators Treaty of Versailles Economic Problems ________ Republic Lost Faith in ___________.

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Presentation on theme: "EUROPE BEFORE WWI EUROPE AFTER WWI. Factors leading to Rise of Dictators Treaty of Versailles Economic Problems ________ Republic Lost Faith in ___________."— Presentation transcript:

1 EUROPE BEFORE WWI EUROPE AFTER WWI

2 Factors leading to Rise of Dictators Treaty of Versailles Economic Problems ________ Republic Lost Faith in ___________ League of Nations use of ___________ U.S. President Wilson French Prime Minister Clemenceau Italian Prime Minister Orlando British Prime Minister George Big Four

3 RISE OF FASCISM IN ITALY __________________ is a Totalitarian government which: Glorifies the state ___ leader and one party Society controlled by the government No opposition/protests are tolerated ________________ and _______________ widely practiced Anti-Democratic Benito Mussolini - 1922 Est. Fascism Joined Germany in 1940

4 BENITO MUSSOLINI – IL DUCE 1922 – March on _____ Blackshirts Expected loyalty to Italy Believe, Obey, Fight 14 ________= medal Educate youth Sons of the Wolf Expansion Survival of the Fittest

5 STALINS COMMUNIST RUSSIA 1924 – Lenin died Power struggle between Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky 1928 – Stalin is leader _____________________ Make USSR modern Oil/Coal/Steel Collective Farms Peasants forced to join Peasants resisted Terror Famine Gulags

6 STALINS COMMUNIST RUSSIA 1934 – _____________ Characteristics of Communism Classless society Society controlled by govt Terror Censorship Propaganda ___________________ Opposite of capitalism _________________

7 FRANCISCO FRANCOS SPAIN 1931 – Spanish Civil War Nationalists – Franco Germany/Italy began sending soldiers/supplies to Franco Guernica weapons experiment Pablo Picasso

8 Japanese Expansionism _____________ = Emperor Hideki ______ = Minister of War Issei – foreign-born Japanese in U.S. before 1924 _______ – children of Issei born in U.S. 1931 -- Japan invaded Manchuria Raw Materials living space 1937 – Japan attacked ___________ – WWII in Asia Hirohito Tojo

9 Rise of Nazi Germany Fought for Germany in WWI Iron Cross 7 th member of ____ Party 1921 – leader of Nazi Party Pledged to correct Germanys problems

10 Rise of Nazi Germany 1923 – Beer Hall Putsch Failed Hitler thrown into jail ___________________ __________ Race Hatred of Jews/Commies ____________________ Blamed Germanys problems on T of V (Stab in the Back Theory), Jews, Commies, Weimar Republic Nazi Bible 1925 – 25K Nazis

11 Rise of Nazi Germany 10/29/1929 – Black _______ 1929 – 180K Nazis Economic crisis helped pave way for Hitler/Nazis 1932 – Nazi Party – largest in ___________________ 1/30 1933 – Von Hindenburg appoints Hitler as ________ Hitler put people to work in armament factories and public works programs

12 Great Depression and High Unemployment and led to a dramatic increase in votes for Hitler and the Nazi Party Election dateVotes in millions % May 20, 19280.812.6 September 14, 1930 6.4118.3 July 31, 193213.7537.3 November 6, 1932 11.7433.1 March 5, 1933 17.2843.9

13 Rise of Nazi Germany Feb 1933 – Reichstag Fire Russian Terrorism or Nazi Propaganda??? 3/23/1933 – ______________ Law for Removing the Distress of the People and the Reich Symbolic beginning of dictatorship Censorship _____ – motto – My honor is called loyalty Hitlers Praetorian Guard Gestapo HJ 6/30/1934 – Night of __________

14 Rise of Nazi Germany 8/2/1934 – Von Hindenburg dies _______________ takes over Today Germany, Tomorrow the World 8/19/1934 – ______% approval in plebescite vote HITLERS TREATMENT OF JEWS 1935 – _________________ Laws 11/9/1938 – _________________ 1941 – Einsatzgruppen 1942 – _____________ Conference


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