18Doolitle Raid The U.S. wanted revenge for Pearl Harbor Send Lieutenant Colonel James H. Doolittle to bomb Tokyo and other Japanese cities. Raised American morale and gave them a psychological advantage.
20Battle of MidwayAdmiral Chester Nimitz planned to ambush a Japanese fleet heading towards the island of Midway. Outnumbered 4 ships to 1 and allowed the Japanese to attack first.Attacked Japanese ships with planes stationed on them. US destroys 332 Japanese planes and all their aircraft carriers. Japanese were forced to retreat.
22Battle of GuadalcanalJapan was building an air base on August 7, 1942. US and Australia destroy the airbase before it could be completedFight for control for over six months. Japan finally retreated in February of 1943.
26Okinawa Largest amphibious invasion on Pacific Front April 1, 1945 – September 7, 1945More ships, troops, supplies, bombs, and naval guns fired than any other operation in the Pacific.Needed to control island to attack JapanCasualties = 38,000 Americans wounded and 12,000 killed or missingOver 107,000 Japanese and Okinawan conscripts killed, and perhaps 100,000 Okinawan civilians
30Hiroshima US at Japan’s door Rather than risking an invasion of Japan, the U.S. hoped to get Japan to surrender by dropping a new deadly atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. On August 6, 1945, the bomb was dropped killing 73, 000 people. Hundreds of thousands more would die of radiation