Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Highly Available BizTalk Concepts Around the Implementation of BizTalk Server 2006 in a High Availability Environment Daniel Toomey & Patrick Hood presenters.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Highly Available BizTalk Concepts Around the Implementation of BizTalk Server 2006 in a High Availability Environment Daniel Toomey & Patrick Hood presenters."— Presentation transcript:

1 Highly Available BizTalk Concepts Around the Implementation of BizTalk Server 2006 in a High Availability Environment Daniel Toomey & Patrick Hood presenters

2 Goal of This Presentation Not highly technical (i.e. no code) Not demo-heavy Discussion of the main concepts and strategy of HA in an integration solution Understand Microsoft recommended practices

3 Definition of High Availability (HA) “…is a system design protocol and associated implementation that ensures a certain absolute degree of operational continuity during a given measurement period.” (www.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Availability)

4 Definition of High Availability (HA) Redundancy of each functional component Seeks to eliminate “single point of failure” Single component failure triggers recovery mechanisms that are transparent to users of the system

5 High Availability vs High Performance High Availability is about Failover Does not necessarily involve load balancing Active/Passive configuration Scaling Out High Performance is about… Performance!! Typically about load balancing and managing high throughput Active/Active configuration Scaling Out or Scaling Up Not necessarily Highly Available

6 High Availability and Integration ?

7 High Availability in BizTalk BizTalk Components Databases (SQL Server) Services (Host Instances) Adapters (Send / Receive) Enterprise Single Sign-On (SSO) Process for ensuring High Availability is different for each of these components

8 BizTalk Groups Out-of-the-box functionality for BizTalk allows for the easy (and default) establishment of “BizTalk Groups” A BizTalk Group is a collection of servers that host BizTalk services (hosts) which operate upon the same Message Box(es) All hosts within a BizTalk Server Group are based upon the same set of configuration and message storage databases Automatic Load Balancing

9 HA for BizTalk Databases SQL Server supports BizTalk through data persistence: Stores all configuration, business rules, message state and tracking info Stores the messages themselves Separates data from hosts that process the data The most critical component in a BizTalk architecture Can be implemented as a SQL Server Cluster (active / passive mode)

10 HA for BizTalk Databases

11 1. Create global domain accounts 2. Configure the SQL Server cluster before BizTalk installation 3. Install BizTalk 4. Run the BizTalk Configuration Wizard in custom configuration mode 5. Specify the SQL Server cluster for the BizTalk databases

12 HA for BizTalk Databases Failover Behaviour in BizTalk: BizTalk databases are temporarily unavailable during failover In-process host instances are recycled until connection to the SQL Server is automatically restored Isolated host instances are paused, an error is generated in the BizTalk Server 2006 Application log and receive locations are disabled Once connection to the SQL databases is restored, document processing resumes normally and receive locations are enabled

13 HA for BizTalk Databases SQL Server Database Mirroring Not currently a supported solution for ensuring high availability of the Microsoft BizTalk Server 2006 databases Potential problems maintaining transactional consistency in the BizTalk databases Log Shipping is the recommended practice for Disaster Recovery

14 HA for BizTalk Hosts Hosts provide logical containers for functionality: Receiving Sending Processing Recommended practice is to create hosts for each separate functionality Creates security boundaries Easier management & scalability

15 HA for BizTalk Hosts In-process Hosts Run inside of BizTalk runtime process Contain all non-Web-based artefacts: Orchestrations Adapter send handlers Adaptor receive handlers (except for HTTP & SOAP) Isolated Hosts Do not run inside of BizTalk runtime process HTTP and SOAP receive handlers

16 HA for BizTalk Hosts BizTalk Server 2006 lets you separate hosts and run multiple host instances to provide high availability No additional clustering or load-balancing mechanism required because BizTalk Server 2006 automatically distributes workload across multiple computers through host instances However, hosts running the receive handler for the following adapters require a load-balancing mechanism such as Network Load Balancing (NLB) to provide high availability: HTTP SOAP BizTalk Message Queuing (MSMQT)

17 HA for BizTalk Hosts (Receiving) Scaled Out Receiving Hosts

18 HA for BizTalk Hosts (Receiving) Scaled Out Receiving Hosts (multiple clients)

19 HA for BizTalk Hosts (Receiving) Using host instances on multiple computers: FILE Adapter (point host instances to same UNC path) SQL Adapter (point host instances to same database table) Using host instances on multiple computers with NLB: HTTP Adapter (subscribe to a shared clustered URL) Web Services Adapter (NLB distributes incoming messages) SharePoint Adapter (subscribe to a shared URL) MSMQT Adapter (NLB distributes incoming messages) Using a clustered BizTalk host (req. Enterprise Edition): FTP Adapter POP3 Adapter (multiple concurrent connections) MSMQ Adapter

20 HA for BizTalk Hosts (Receiving) Adapter TypeDefault ConfigNLB ClusterClustered Host FILE  HTTP  SOAP  SQL  WSS  FTP  POP3  MSMQ 

21 HA for BizTalk Hosts (Processing) Scaled Out Processing Hosts

22 HA for BizTalk Hosts (Processing) Scaled Out Processing Hosts Orchestration state is maintained centrally in SQL Server, not locally on each BizTalk Server computer BizTalk load balances automatically One instance can complete a process started by another instance Proof – of – Concept

23 BizTalk Host Load Balancing Used “CallOrchestration” sample from SDK Inserted Delay shapes and trace messages to log the step and the processing server Deployed to two servers in a BizTalk Group Submitted 1000 files Analysed the resulting logs For more than 25% of the files, processing steps were divided across more than one individual server (i.e. host instance)

24 HA for BizTalk Hosts (Sending) Scaled Out Sending Hosts

25 HA for BizTalk Hosts (Sending) Scaling Out Sending Hosts Similar to Processing Hosts – Host & Data Independence Special Considerations: FTP Send Adapter  Run in a clustered BizTalk Host  Supports only one host instance running at a time MSMQ Adapter  Cluster the MSMQ Service  Cluster the BizTalk Host in the same group  Configure MSMQ Send Handler within clustered host

26 BizTalk Host Clustering Only necessary for certain adapters Requires BizTalk 2006 Enterprise Edition Requires BizTalk Servers to be configured as a Windows Server Cluster first Considerations: Non-clustered host should not be run on a Windows Server cluster where Enterprise SSO is clustered More info:

27 Network Load Balancing (NLB) As previously mentioned, the following adapters require a load-balancing mechanism such as Network Load Balancing (NLB) to provide high availability: HTTP SOAP BizTalk Message Queuing (MSMQT) Can load-balance the BAM portal & BAS website Provides High Availability at the Network level, rather than the Resource level

28 Network Load Balancing (NLB) NLB farm of servers appears as one server to clients Distributes load between the servers in the farm Each server in the NLB farm is aware of each other and automatically handle server unavailability Each server is fully self-contained BizTalk grouping provides balancing on hydration of long-running processes

29 Network Load Balancing (NLB)

30 Easier and more flexible management Rolling OS update & software deployment Uninterrupted availability and fault tolerance Server failure & hardware update/replacement Better scalability True horizontal scalability Up to 32 servers in an NLB farm Multiple farms via DNS round-robin

31 Network Load Balancing (NLB) Option of Hardware-based or Software-based NLB solution Hardware-based solution consists of a specialised network appliance e.g. F5 Networks Radware Cisco Foundary Alteon

32 Windows NLB Full software NLB implementation Supported on all versions of Windows 2003 Server Supported on Windows 2000 Advanced Server and Datacenter Server Editions Generally a 5-10% overhead per server MSCS and Windows Network Load Balancing (NLB) are NOT supported on the same set of nodes

33 Windows NLB Consider NICs & Unicast vs. Multicast Mode & Number of NICsUse Single network adapter in unicast modeA cluster in which ordinary network communication among cluster hosts is not required and in which there is limited dedicated traffic from outside the cluster subnet to specific cluster hosts. Multiple network adapters in unicast modeA cluster in which ordinary network communication among cluster hosts is necessary or desirable. It is also appropriate when you want to separate the traffic used to manage the cluster from the traffic occurring between the cluster and client computers. Single network adapter in multicast modeA cluster in which ordinary network communication among cluster hosts is necessary or desirable but in which there is limited dedicated traffic from outside the cluster subnet to specific cluster hosts. Multiple network adapters in multicast modeA cluster in which ordinary network communication among cluster hosts is necessary and in which there is heavy dedicated traffic from outside the cluster subnet to specific cluster hosts.

34 Windows NLB Port-rules – multiple-host or single-host Affinity - can be set to: None Single-client (or sticky-IP) Class C Host Priorities For BizTalk NLB, recommend multiple host, no affinity, even priority

35 Enterprise Single Sign-On (SSO) Critical part of the BizTalk infrastructure Helps to secure information for the receive locations Master Secret Server Stores the encryption key used to secure data in the credentials database Must configure the first computer where SSO is installed as the Master Secret Server

36 Enterprise Single Sign-On (SSO) If Master Secret Server fails, currently running operations continue* but cannot encrypt new credentials BizTalk Server dependency on Master Secret Server: *Following link suggests that BizTalk runtime will fail after a period of time if Master Secret Server fails (courtesy of Tim Goodsell): ff82-45cd-a62f-848fdc61e6ff.mspx?mfr=true ff82-45cd-a62f-848fdc61e6ff.mspx?mfr=true

37 High Availability for Ent SSO Master Secret Server CANNOT exist on an NLB cluster Master Secret Server can be moved from BizTalk NLB servers (often to SQL Server infrastructure) Master Secret Server can be clustered

38 Summary In an multi-system environment, High Availability means securing not only the individual systems themselves but also the integration architecture BizTalk Server 2006 can be implemented to support High Availability using a variety of techniques and configurations for the various components: OTB functionality via BizTalk Server Groups SQL Server Failover Cluster Windows NLB Cluster Clustered Hosts

39 References BizTalk & High Availability: Planning for High Availability Planning Your Platform for Fault Tolerance Creating a Highly Available BizTalk Server Environment Sample BizTalk Server High-Availability Scenarios Providing High Availability for BizTalk Server Databases High Availability for the BizTalk Base EDI Adapter High Availability and the Microsoft Operations Framework

40 References Enterprise Single Sign-On: High Availability for Enterprise Single Sign-On Backup, Cluster, Move & Restore Enterprise SSO Window Server Cluster: Using Windows Server Cluster to Provide High Availability for BizTalk Hosts Improving Fault Tolerance in BizTalk Server 2006 by Using a Windows Server Cluster (includes BizTalk MSCS and clustering the SSO) e70-ab21-a145f2aa8594.mspx?mfr=true e70-ab21-a145f2aa8594.mspx?mfr=true

41 References Windows Server 2003 Network Load Balancing: d091447dddbe1033.mspx?mfr=true d091447dddbe1033.mspx?mfr=true b5e66b68281a1033.mspx?mfr=true b5e66b68281a1033.mspx?mfr=true NLB Multicast vs. Unicast:

42 Questions?


Download ppt "Highly Available BizTalk Concepts Around the Implementation of BizTalk Server 2006 in a High Availability Environment Daniel Toomey & Patrick Hood presenters."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google