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Title: LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)

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1 Title: LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Presentation by: Nick Davy, AoC HE Policy Manager

2 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Trends in HE 1: 17% of Bachelor degree students study part-time 28% of higher education students below postgraduate level study short cycle courses such as foundation degrees, HNC/D and Diploma in HE 45% of all higher education students below postgraduate level are aged 21 and over and 32% are aged 25 and over Nearly 40% of HE students study within 25 miles of their home location 25% of new OU students enrolments aged between 17 – 25 40,000 HE students studying at non-public institutions 22, UK students study abroad on degree level programmes

3 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Trends in HE 2: Number of students studying outside country of citizenship – (a) 1990 – 1.3 million (b) 2000 – 2.1 (c) 2009 – 3.7 Destinations: USA – 18% (- 5%); UK (- 1%); Australia (+ 2% ); Germany 7% (- 2%) 17 countries doubled enrolments since 2000 Denmark, Sweden, the Netherlands, Finland – many programmes in English; 14 countries some programmes 14 countries higher tuition fees for overseas students Type B tertiary education (short cycle/vocational): Australia/New Zealand – approximately 20%; UK – 6% (OECD average: 4%)

4 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)

5 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Characteristics of HE in FE: Generally older than university students; often vocational, rather than academic, qualifications; usually study around their work and/or family commitments; Low-participation neighbourhoods, particularly FD students Higher education ‘cold spots’ - Havering, Blackburn, Blackpool and Peterborough; university focussed on national recruitment - Durham Areas with historically low HE participation rates – NE England, Essex/Havering Study on Higher National Diplomas and Foundation Degrees; technician skills. Niche national courses Courses related to their particular locality HEFCE analysis Source: Foundation degrees: key statistics to , HEFCE April 2010

6 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
BIS Review of Non-prescribed HE Skills Commission Inquiry into the provision of technician and higher level skills Review of FDAP – 2012 BIS comm. research: HE in FE (March 2012); growing P/T HE Wilson Review – Industry Links Enterprise JISC/Information capacity Browne Review HE White Paper Early Repayment HEFCE Teaching Funding Consultation (TFC) 2012/13 HEFCE TFC – January 2012 BIS – Regulatory Framework BIS – New challenges New chances – Section 8

7 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Reforms 1: Predicated: Research – world class; Teaching? Quickly/Gradually open up HE to increased market forces But managed/quasi market – Price, Volume New Entrants – 6 tests – Quality/QAA; Complaints/disputes – OIA; Information/Data – KIS – HESA/SFA; Tuition Fee Cap/Access – OFFA; Student Controls; Financial sustainability. Introduced 2013 New entrants Tough entry/lighter monitoring or light entry/tough monitoring New rules for DAP and University Title New Awarding bodies – rules for entrance, monitoring

8 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Key Issue – opening the market Core/Margin Bidding – 20,000 places in year 1 – now 9% (2012); 8/16% in Year 2; 8% in year 3; by year 3 – 24%? 9% now to be taken from all providers not just + £6K Eligible – charging below £7,500 Criteria – Price, Quality, Demand Minimum bid – 25; maximum threshold – 20% new entrants Demand – track record, NSS, QAA, Local Win – direct funding Several HEI changing fees to come under Core/Margin – AoC: Need for broad based criteria including price, regional spread, low participation areas, and include indirectly funded provision C/M – lead Institute + partner bids accepted [Provisional time scale: Publish – 17th October; Window – end/November; Decision – January]

9 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Reforms2: AAB students + – 60,000 places Year 2 – ABB, year 3 – BBB etc? Opportunities for growth (?) – high ND results + Internal prog. [AAB + and C/M withdrawn: (a) Attract more AAB (b) bid for 20K places] Income contingent loans – AoC: supportive but too fast, too steep particularly with introduction of loans for L3 study. Impact on Access and WP/Social Mobility Issue – part time students loans system – now changed: 4+ years after completion Non-mainstream grants for all providers – JISC, WP – support Issue – land-based Colleges ‘price group’ Continuing problems – indirect funding, validation

10 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Reforms 3: Need to clarify roles of BIS, HEFCE, QAA, OFFA and OIA - separately and jointly promote student interests  HEFCE – need new committee structure ensuring its different roles are separated; conflicts of interest are clear HEFCE grants - open to any regulated higher education institution HEFCE Board – needs broadly based membership - include a current or former College Principal. The self-regulating organisations – representative of whole sector New test – fit/proper person/organisation OFT/HEFCE memorandum clear Financial sustainability – Bond? Risk Based QA – good practice as well?

11 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
The New HE Market?: Price - loosened, but controlled Entry- yes; Exit – unlikely; Mergers; partnerships Profit-maximisers? Competition – mainly, within a differentiated/stratified market (USA); continuing ‘cold spots’? Information – PI/KIS – capacity issues Introduction of technology – productivity gains? ________________________ Structures to establish market/transactional Costs? - MSC/VET WBL; HEFCE/HE: Takes Time

12 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Interim Report: National Survey – Colleges Intentions to bid for the 20,000 Core/Margin Places starting in 2012. 36% of Colleges offering HE responded Responses were received from a good spread of Colleges in terms of HE size and geographical location 88% indicated they intended to definitely bid The larger the College the stronger intention, albeit in a range of 75 – 100% 68% intended to bid for between 21 to 100 places; 21% for over 100 As with other College-based surveys, HESA categories were problematic, with 20 responses outside these categories In the HESA categories the four highest subject areas were in order of highest: Business and administrative services, creative arts and design, engineering and computer sciences [More work needed to ascertain a reliable estimate}

13 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Continuing Issues 1: Off Quota continue until new regulatory system introduced in 2013 Part time loans system to be resolved – employer up front? Non – prescribed: BIS: Review - Align or separate? Indirect Funding/validation New awarding bodies; Degree awarding powers? CATS? Articulation – FE/HE loans

14 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Continuing Issues 2: Private/Not-profit enter 2013 Opportunities C/M in Price/Attractive Package One College – Professional membership; International visit; Free kit Part time; Controls from 2013? Pressures on Private Colleges – new rules overseas students Partnership – hire/lease facilities? Niche markets?

15 LLLLN: HE IN FE (October 2011)
Continuing Issues 3: Problems with C/M guidelines: HEI withdrawing student numbers – 9%, more, all HEI withdrawing validation services Short time-scale - validation FEC – 9% withdrawn 20% threshold – difficult to make large bid if medium provision 25 minimum – difficult for some small HE in FE providers Likely outcome – decrease in HE in FE numbers? Potential for large providers with direct numbers to grow?

16 Thank you Any Questions?

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