2Tuning InEnvironmentImportant InfluencesWhat puts us off communicatingGreat Environments – Top Tips!Provoking Thoughts for Communication – Using Books andIllustrations or PicturesBenefitsTop TipsFocus on Book Sharing – an examplePromoting and Developing VocabularyWhy? – the Benefits.How?Word Categories and MeaningsNew WordsWebsite
3Environment Important Influences What puts us off communicating Great Environments – Top Tips!
4Ideal EnvironmentA Communication-Friendly Environment is one that encourages and supports children to communicate... Think about What natural, easy and enjoyable conversations are like. Who is communicating. What you are communicating about. The mood. Noise levels.Own behaviour impt . As adults we’re put off convos when the Importance is not recognised, Ignoring /dismissing ideas, Only half listening, Interrupting,
5What puts us off Communication? Not recognising when you have something important to sayIgnoring your feelings or dismissing ideasOnly half listeningInterrupting before you’ve had time to finishTalking about things that are of interest to only one personFinishing off others sentencesIts the same for young children as well as adults...
6Great Environments... Get rid of distractions Get down and comfy with the childKeep the atmosphere fun – enjoy and relax! Pleasure not stress!Offer comments rather than questionsUse the right level of languageBe a good role model –children pick up on how we use languageUse visual support – pictures, photos, symbolsDo it together – eg If you let them watch TV – and communicate!Encourage! encouraging noises... ‘Wow!’comment on what the child is doing,.. ‘you’re building a castle!’Don’t just give Instructions – make it 2-way (comment, praise, negotiate, question, clarifying)Use praise! ‘well done’ and be specific... ‘I like the way you...’Give response time (need time to process and think)Name the emotion – often has a strong calming effectUse a child’s name... Its their special time
7Benefits Top Tips An Example – ‘When Sheep Can Not Sleep’ Provoking Thoughts for Communication Using Books and Illustrations / PicturesBenefits Top Tips An Example – ‘When Sheep Can Not Sleep’
8Book Power and Communication! The Benefits. As a parent, you are your child's first and most important teacher. Talking and Reading can be a family activity. Spending time with word games, stories, and books will help your child to…Gather information and learn about the worldLearn how stories and books work – that they have beginnings, endings, characters, and themesBuild a rich vocabulary by reading and talking about new wordsLearn how to listen and how to thinkLearn the sounds of language and language patternsFall in love with books
9Tips for developing language and communication skills while children learn to read. 1. Talk to Your Child2. Make Reading Fun3. Read Every Day (and support your child by having a great chat about the book before you read any of the words!)4. Set an Example5. Talk About Books6. Listen to your child read7. Show that you value your child's efforts
10Using Stories and Pictures to Promote Talk RoutineReading is something that you and your child can look forward to every day. By taking the time to read with your child, you show him or her that reading is important and fun to do.How?Sharing books is a language based activity so whether you are just reading the story to your child, or discussing the pictures, speculating on plot, or your child is reading to you, channels of communication ,vocabulary and language structures are developed.
11Talk for Communication Help your child by becoming familiar with the story before reading it.Deliberately TALK about the story.Get your child familiar with the PLOT – the series of events across the story.Model and talk about phrases of language / vocabulary s/he may never have heard or come across – say these togetherAt first, don’t worry about the print… talk about the meaning and structure of the story…Children expect books to have an introduction, a problem, a climax/tension/main event, a solution and an ending.Try not to ask too many ‘closed questions’ eg ‘What is the puppy’s name?’ Get your child to think more freely and creatively… eg ‘What do you think the puppies name could be?Get your child to make suggestions instead of telling him/her what the story is about.
12‘ Before opening the book, look at the front cover and entice your child to want to find out… eg ‘Ooh! This sheep’s in bed! I wonder why he’s awake?’
13Talk about the pictures… Woolly the sheep is in his meadow, I wonder if he’s going to stay there..? What other Language and Communication Opportunities?Anticipating plot... Engaging children in producing their own ideas. Speculating. Preparing for later reading – supporting the structure of events...Vocab development (eg meadow) Asking ranges of questions re a single picture ie who, where, what, why, when? Encourage children to address different elements
14OOoooh. A Butterfly. How lovely OOoooh! A Butterfly! How lovely! Where’s he going to fly to do you think? I wonder why a sheep would chase a butterfly?
15Do you think the butterfly may be with these creatures here Do you think the butterfly may be with these creatures here? I wonder what’s going to happen next? Look who else has arrived! Hmmm… what do you see?Prompt for speculation and ideas... Model language structures eg the ladybirds is on the tree... Yes well spotted the ladybirds are on the tree
16I wonder if you can guess what the owls are calling out I wonder if you can guess what the owls are calling out? Do you know any owl noises? (make the sound together and look at the print ‘Hoo hoo hoo’)Develop particpation .. Language sounds and onamatopoeia
17Wow. More creatures. They look interesting… what do you think Wow! More creatures! They look interesting… what do you think? They seem to be flying , gliding, flittering, above … Have you noticed what Woolly is doing?
18I don’t think these are creatures I don’t think these are creatures. Are you guessing what Woolly wants to do now?
19To summarise ...Talk and Chat Talking about the books you read is just as important as reading them. Discussing a story or a book with your child helps your child understand it and connect it to his or her own experience of life. It also helps enrich your child's vocabulary with new words and phrases.Encourage your child to ask questions and to comment on the story and pictures in a book – before, during, and after reading it.Look at the cover and the title of a book with your child, and ask your child what he or she thinks might happen in the story.Think out loud about the story as you read, and encourage your child to do the same. For example, ask, "Does this make sense? Why or why not?"
20Promoting and Developing Vocabulary Why? ...the Benefits.How?Word Categories and MeaningsNew Words
21A Great Vocabulary... Improves understanding Supports creativity in formulating new ideasHelps children to express themselvesBoosts confidence
22How...?Make connections between words and objects (explain what a new word means)Show links between wordsMeaning (tall, high, long)Categories (animals)Subcategories (Jungle animals)Sounds (Initial Letters - ball bee boy)Rhyme (hat mat cat)Different uses of wordsDoing (sitting, running, sleeping)Describing (Purple, heavy, small)Names (table, dad, park)Ideas or Concepts (size, weight)Repetition – lots!Anytime, Anywhere! – do it!
23Ideas for Activities... www.communicationcookbook.org.uk ‘Vocabulary’ Section for games to support...Learning and remembering new words and their meaningsDeveloping skills at learning new verbs (doing / action) wordsIntroducing new wordsReinforcing new vocabulary
24Happy Chatter!Enjoy your communication with your child! Its good to talk and its been great to talk to you! Thanks for coming!